Premium Essay

The Chicago Seven In The 1960's

Submitted By
Words 539
Pages 3
The 1960’s were the most progressive era of United States history, from the civil rights movement to the new wave of feminism, the 60’s were one of the most influential and memorable era because of this. One of the most famous of these social movements was the anti-war movement brought by the unpopular Vietnam War. One of the most notorious groups were the Chicago Seven called that because of the seven activists sentenced to jail for protesting. The Chicago Seven took a stand against the Vietnam War and the government by inciting protests and spreading ideals of nonviolence, and these actions resulted in increased exposure of the unpopular Vietnam War and the rise of hippie movement and also the division of opinion in American society.

During the middle of the 1960’s the United States of were experiencing social changes due to the Civil Rights movement. Many people who participated in the civil rights movement, also participated in the anti war movement. Many older activists also began advocating for the antiwar movement helped younger leaders plan large protests. (“The Antiwar Movement” 2) Other types of people who participated were Catholics, hippies, and soldiers from the Vietnam War. This diversity of activists had an impact on American policymaking. (“The Antiwar Movement” 2) The group that one of the most …show more content…
As more and more protesters began to come into Chicago the Mayor issued public warnings that his police not put up with trouble in the streets. (“The Antiwar Movement” 3) As protesters including Abbie Hoffman were denied of permits to march, several activists decided to march anyways. As they were protesting the Chicago police beat the protesters for five days straight (“The Anti War Movement”) “Police used clubs, fists, blackjacks, and brass knuckles.” (“The Antiwar Movement”

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Polygraph

...The Reid Polygraph In 1945, John E. Reid of Reid and Associates in Chicago, Illinois developed what he called the “Reid Polygraph.” Besides recording blood pressure, pulse, respiration, and GSR, this new polygraph instrument recorded muscular activity in the forearms, thighs, and feet.  These muscular movements were picked up from metal bellows under the arms and seat of the polygraph chair.   This instrument was the first instrument to use a movement sensor to detect subject movement during the examination.  The examiner in this picture is John E. Reid. It was manufactured by the C.H. Stoelting Company and was available only to examiners who were trained by John E. Reid and Associates. KEELER POLYGRAPH MODEL 6338 The 'Keeler Polygraph' Model 6338 shown here was the first 'Plethysmic Polygraph' manufactured by 'Associated Research' of Chicago, Illinois in the early 1950's. This instrument is the first in the 'Pacesetter Series' which incorporated for the first time a integral photo/optical plethysmograph. The Model 6338 was introduced as a four channel instrument, which recorded simultaneously changes in relative blood pressure, heart rate, pulse wave amplitude, blood volume, oxygenation of the blood, respiration and electrical skin resistance. These reading are obtained by utilizing electronic and pneumatic monitoring. The 6338 required a 115 volt AC current. It weighs twenty-four pounds and is 18" x 11" x 6". The 6338 incorporated newly designed printed circuits...

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...Chicago Street Gangs The City of Chicago is home to many iconic sites and famous things including Wrigley Field, Giordano’s deep dish pizza, Navy Pier, Portillos, and Willis Tower. Chicago residents live and work in some of the most affluent, wealthy, and glamorous neighborhoods like The Gold Coast and River North. Over the last couple of years though, the spotlight has been shifted from all of Chicago’s wonderful things to its poverty stricken neighborhoods, rising crime rate, murders, and drug problems. All of these things can be linked to what many consider Chicago’s biggest problem, street gangs. But today the city seems to be far more segregated and full of poverty in neighborhoods that are home to minorities. Many adults turn to the streets to make a living and children see their elders and in return do the same. These same poor neighborhoods have a failing public education system for the youth along with a bad relationship with police. According to the Chicago Crime Commission, “a 2012 Chicago Police Department gang audit found there are more than 600 gang factions in the city, with a minimum combined membership of 70,000” ( With the large number of gang members in the city there is a lot of fighting going on over turf for control of drug distribution. This is mainly a problem occurring in minority communities all throughout Chicago. “201 of the 259 homicide victims were African-American” ( While blacks make up about 33 percent of the...

Words: 3212 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Music Notes

...(subcultures) Musical Form: * The way different sections in a song are organized Rhythm: the way music sounds are organized in time; beat is the pulse Meter: organization of rhythm and beats into music * Simple; one & two & three (2 parts) * Compound; one & uh two & uh three (3 parts) * Duple (2 beats per measure) * Triple (3 beats per measure) * Quadruple (4 beats per measure) Timbre (colour): voice is: warm, smooth, rich * Chest voice, falsetto, crooner (male who sings with background jazz music) The 1920’s, 30’s and 40’s * Upheaval in politics, reflected in music * Baby boomers Chapter 1: Roots to 1955 Before Rock and Roll (Main stream music, rhythm and blues, country & western) Part 1: The World of Mainstream Pop Leading up to 1955 National vs. Regional Changes * Emergence of technology took music from a regional scope to a national level * Radio (1920’s) directed at white middle class * Broken up into Superstations (high power) and Networks (NBC coast to coast broadcasting, developed in one area and broadcast nationally, model used today) * All music was live and records were seen as ‘fooling people’ * Overnight popularity * Some styles became national (Bing Cosby, Frank Sinatra) while Country and Blues stayed regional as they were considered low income...

Words: 3395 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

The Greatest Triple Threat

...screen and paved the way for a whole generation of film and video directors, showing dance through the camera lens as no one had done before, foreshadowing the rise of the MTV-era of music video dance. Robert Louis Fosse was born in Chicago, Illinois, on June 23, 1927. Bob was the youngest of six children and quickly learned to win attention from his family through his dancing. It was not long before he was recognized as a child prodigy. His parents sent him to formal lessons, where he immersed himself in tap dancing. A small boy who suffered from nagging health problems, he nevertheless was so dedicated that by the time he reached high school, he was already dancing professionally in area nightclubs as part of their sleazy vaudeville and burlesque shows. The sexually free atmosphere of these clubs and the strippers with whom Fosse was in constant contact made a strong impression on him. Fascinated with vaudeville’s dark humor and teasing sexual tones, he would later develop these themes in his adult work. After high school, Fosse enlisted in the Navy in 1945. Shortly after he arrived at boot camp, V-J day was declared, and World War II officially came to an end. Fosse completed his two-year duty and moved to New York City. For the next seven years, Fosse went through two rocky marriages with...

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Civil Rights Movement

...1960’s America for African Americans: The Civil Rights Movement For African American’s life in the 1960’s proved itself to be a challenge amongst many other things. These challenges are what prompted the Civil Rights Movement, which actually began in 1954 and lasted until 1968. Because African Americans or Blacks, in the United States had virtually no equality or constitutional rights they began a nonviolent freedom movement in order to gain some quantity of value. Throughout the years of this movement, Blacks in America went through both wins and losses against the states in the South and the United States Supreme Court. Within the fourteen years of the movement many events created a lasting impact on life for African Americans in America. In the following paragraphs the details of these events will be discussed. Beginning the Civil Rights Movement were a number of court cases that created more opportunity for African Americans. Bolling v. Sharpe in 1954 was an important case in providing equal education rights for white and black students. Similar to it was one of the most monumental cases or more landmarked case, the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that was decided on within the same year. This case paved a way for African American student acceptance into all white schools that permitted segregation, overturning the court case Plessy v. Ferguson with the idea of “separate but equal”. The first states to follow through with desegregating education were the District...

Words: 2014 - Pages: 9

Free Essay

Blues vs. Country Music

...Blues vs Country music According to Etta James in an interview with American Chronicle: "The Blues and country are first cousins ... What I look for in a song is for the story to be for real. I like a blood and guts kind of thing. That's what you find in the lyrics of country music." Blues and country music both developed in the 19th century in the Southern United States. They share a similar history. For this reason, they share many of the same musical and lyrical characteristics. Read more: How to Compare Blues & Country Music | 1. * 1 Learn the history behind blues and country music. They are both forms of American folk music influenced by earlier styles brought overseas. Blues music grew out of field hollers and chants sung by African slaves. Irish and Scottish balladeers borrowed the guitar and banjo of blues and thus created "country". According to Reebee Garofalo in "Rockin' Out: Popular Music in the USA", "Terms like country and blues are only used to separate the same kind of music made by blacks and whites ... designations like race and hillbilly intentionally separated artists along racial lines and conveyed the impression that their music came from mutually exclusive sources." Country is an offshoot of blues. They are essentially the same thing. In the PBS special, "Rhythm, Country and Blues," country is referred to as "white man's blues." * 2 Listen to...

Words: 13547 - Pages: 55

Premium Essay

Should Capital Punishment Continue to Be a Part of the U.S. Justice System?

...System? Siddiqui Carter Research Process Outline Paper University of Phoenix RES 341 Dr. Frank Poter January 1, 2005 Week 2 Should Capital Punishment Continue to be a Part of the U.S. Justice System? Capital punishment has long been a part of the American criminal justice system and the topic has created much debate on if this punishment is appropriate for the U. S. society. Many believe capital punishment is a necessary punishment for those who commit capital offenses and acts as a deterrent to violent criminals. Essentially, Americans that support the death penalty believe that it contributes to the overall wellbeing of U. S. society. Activists still desire to eliminate the punishment. Though, this country’s founding fathers broke away from England they did not completely disagree with everything they believed. When it came down to capital punishment, they adopted it from British common law. Even as history is reviewed, debate over capital punishment can be seen as far back as the American Revolution Debates over capital punishment continued from the Civil War until the 1960’s. During this period some states abolished and later reinstated the death penalty, but from 1968 to 1976, due to public out cry, no executions took place in the U.S. In 1972 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled against the death penalty in the Supreme Court case Furman v. Georgia because of the unfair application of the death penalty, and in this case, capital punishment was declared as excessive...

Words: 1563 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Important Thinkers of Management & Their Contribution

...Introduction & trends in HR 1-“The point is that these differences demand attention so that each person can maximize his or her potential, so that organizations can maximize their effectiveness and so that the society as a whole can make the wisest use of its human resources” (Cascio). 7-S framework created by McKinsey & Company distinguishes seven components in a company’s architecture: strategy, structure, systems, staff, style, skills and shared values. PF Drucker had remarked that “man, of all the resources available to man, can grow and develop purpose of human resource management is to improve the contribution made by people to organizations, (Davis) through effective and efficient use of resources HRM is, to some extent, concerned with any organizational decision which has an impact on the, workforce or the potential workforce (Bernardin). It is basically a method of developing potentialities of employees so that they get maximum satisfaction out of their work and give their best efforts to the organization” (Pigors and Myers). Terry, HRM is not a one short deal “An identifiable ability that is perceived to add immediate or future value to any prescribed activity, discipline or enterprise”(Maurice, 2003) Rudrabasavaraj, personnel administration in India, as it is interpreted, discussed and practiced is largely static, legalistic and Ritualistic Factories Act, 1948; Trade Unions Act, 1926; The Payment of Wages Act, 1936; The Minimum...

Words: 2594 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

August Wilson Research Paper

...and other African-American writers, as well as the poetry of Dylan Thomas, which contributed to his still-evolving aesthetic. As a student at a predominantly white Catholic school in Pittsburgh, Wilson was ostracized by his white schoolmates and misjudged by his white teachers, who doubted his intelligence. Except for a one-year stint in the army (1967), Wilson spent the middle 1960s writing poetry at night while holding a series of menial jobs during the day. In 1965 Wilson heard recordings of the blues for the first time, and their lyrical expression of the hardships of life was to become another major influence on his work. Wilson's stepfather, David Bedford, moved the family to a white suburb when Wilson was a teenager. The play Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, received the Drama Desk Best Play award and the New York Drama Critics Circle Award, and Wilson won his second Pulitzer Prize for the play. Produced at the Yale Repertory Theatre in 1984 under the direction of Lloyd Richards, and later that year on Broadway with the same director, the play won the New York Drama Critics Circle Award for Best Play. Seven Guitars (1995), Wilson's seventh play, is the...

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Free Essay


...1. Hamburger University When we were learning about Franchises, you mentioned Hamburger University- a place where excellence for McDonald’s has been promoted. In the 1960’s, Fred Turner and Ray Croc’s first grillman found the Hamburger University. By February of 1961, a class of 14 students graduated. Now, more than 5,000 people attend the university. Basic emphasis on consistent restaurant operations, service, quality and maintenance is what most of the training about the school requires. Because it is a leadership and large training development, Hamburger University is continuously in recognition for the excellence. The biggest success was probably that it was the first restaurant company to globalize. 2. When we learned about the seven cures for a lean purse, you asked exactly what one would do to make cure five would work. (Cure Five: Own your home) As a result, the best strategy to use when wanting to own your home sooner is the proactive solution. Eight steps determine this. 1. Mortgage should be paid as soon as you receive your paycheck. 2. Set up obligations to turn in payments. 3. List your regular expenses. 4. As rates go down, increase your repayments. 5. Income should directly enter the home-loan account. 6. Store large amounts of money into the account. 7. Separate loans and savings account. 8. Regular check on mortgage. 3. Hammurabi’s Code Ownership and leasing of the land is what the Hammurabi code regulated. A severe punishment was given...

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

History Isp 2015

...Julia A. R. Morgan History CHC 2D, Period 2 Mr. R. Tait By Julia A. R. Morgan History CHC 2D, Period 2 Mr. R. Tait By THE ART’S IN CANADA: Through the Years. THE ART’S IN CANADA: Through the Years. Table OF Contents: * (Pg. 2-3) WWI: 1914 – 1918 * Pg. 2; John McCrae * Pg. 3; Tom Thomson * (Pg. 4-5) 1920’s – 1930’s Canadian Art * Pg. 4; The Group of Seven * Pg. 5; Emily Carr * (Pg. 6) WWII: 1939 – 1945 * Molly Lamb Bobak * (Pg. 7) Post-War Canadian Art: 1945 – 1969; * The Painters Eleven * (Pg. 8-10) Modern Canadian Art: 1970’s – Current Day; * (Pg. 8) Alex Colville * (Pg. 9) Robert Bateman * (Pg. 10) Joy Kogawa * (Pg. 11) Thesis Statement Conclusion * (Pg. 12) Bibliography * (Pg. 13) Citations (Notes) A Little Introduction note from your student: The above is the Website I used to help me a little bit with understanding Citations. (I attempted utilizing Chicago Style.) Some of the paragraphs in my report have been reworded and rephrased to my satisfaction, and others have not. These are the ones with Citation. Please enjoy; this is something I am extremely proud of: I LOVE ART! CANADIAN ART DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR: John McCrae Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae MD, Born the 30th of November, 1872 in Guelph Ontario, was a Canadian poet, physician, author, artist and soldier during WWI, and a surgeon during...

Words: 2842 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Fire Burning

...Kevin Turenne CRMJ 234 9/27/14 Juvenile Gang Violence The expansion of youth gangs has widely increased since the 1960’s mainly due to the baby boom during this era. In the article “Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement” from September 2000, Finn-Aage Esbensen describes the major impact on how gangs hurt the community. The population of children ages 13-17 rose ten percent corresponding to an increase of crimes of the American youth. In the 1980’s only seven percent of the American youth made up the population yet no signs of decrease in crime was slowing down. Movies and television brought notice of gangs to suburban and rural areas of America. With high rates of gang involvement and the increase of lethal weapons being bought by these gangs it turns attention to law enforcement to find a way to stop gang violence across the United States. In order to prevent the formation of gangs and youth to join new or existing ones it is necessary to understand the causes and attractions of gangs. The first criteria that concerns law enforcement is defining what elements resemble a gang. Some usual signs are groups larger than two people between the ages of 12 and 24. These groups may have a specific name, colors they wear, or symbol and handshake they use to define who they are. They must be stable for over a period of one year and have an area or “turf” of where they represent. The last and major area is to have some type of criminal activity in which they are involved...

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History of Education

...History of Education Education Act of 1944. The Education Act of 1944 involved a thorough recasting of the educational system. The Board of Education was replaced by a minister who was to direct and control the local education authorities, thereby assuring a more even standard of educational opportunity throughout England and Wales. Every local education authority was required to submit for the minister's approval a development plan for primary and secondary education and a plan for further education in its area. Two central advisory councils were constituted, one for England, another for Wales. These had the power, in addition to dealing with problems set by the minister, to tender advice on their own initiative. The total number of education authorities in England and Wales was reduced from 315 to 146. The educational systems of Scotland and Northern Ireland are separate and distinct from that of England and Wales, although there are close links between them. The essential features of the Education Act of 1944 of England and Wales were reproduced in the Education Act of 1945 in Scotland and in the Education Act of 1947 in Northern Ireland. There were such adaptations in each country as were required by local traditions and environment. The complexity of the education system in the United Kingdom arises in part from the pioneer work done in the past by voluntary bodies and a desire to retain the voluntary element in the state system. The act of 1944 continued...

Words: 4110 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Toronto Maple Leafs

...Leafs; and my favorite player to ever lace up the skates. I certainly hope you enjoy reading this paper as I thoroughly enjoyed researching the information found in the contents of the report. If you have any questions or concerns, I may be contacted and day at 764-7560 or by email ( Sincerely, MICHAEL KENNY BM/HRM 106A Encl. TABLE OF CONTENTS Letter of Transmittal iii Executive Summary v Introduction 1 History of the Toronto Maple Leafs 2 Who are the Toronto Maple Leafs 2 The Beginning 3 Late 1920s 3 The 1930s 4 The 1940s and 1950s 4 The Last Dynasty in Toronto 6 The 1960s 6 The Famous Year: 1967 7 The Drought 8 The Never Ending Drought 9...

Words: 5791 - Pages: 24

Free Essay

Abbie Hoffman

...------------------------------------------------- PROJECT ABBIE HOFFMAN: ------------------------------------------------- A True American Revolutionist Mason Powers ------------------------------------------------- Professor Buckley ------------------------------------------------- RSCC-104 ------------------------------------------------- Sacred Heart University Mason Powers Prof. Buckley RSCC-104 Final Essay Abbie Hoffman: A True American Revolutionist Abbot Howard “Abbie” Hoffman was born on November 30, 1936 in Worcester, Massachusetts from the parents of John Hoffman and Florence Schanberg. Both his parents were of Jewish decent but at a young age Abbie decided to reject religion and take an atheist approach on life. He was arrested for his first time in 1954 at the age of 17 for driving without a license, but this is only the first of many to come but for a good cause. During his teenage years he was known as your stereotypical “troublemaker” as he continuously started fights, played pranks, vandalized school property and addressed teachers by their first names. Although he was a troublemaker, he indeed was one of the smartest students too. Abbie formerly attended Classical High School, a prestigious private high school in Worcester, until he was expelled for a paper he wrote. The paper concerned the existence of God, and Abbie took an atheist approach and explained “God could not exist, for if he did, there wouldn’t be any suffering in...

Words: 3923 - Pages: 16