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The Contribution of Herbal Plants

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THE CONTRIBUTION OF HHERBAL PLANTS IN THE FILED OF MEDICINE

A Research Paper in ENGLISH IV

Submitted to:

Mrs. Grace B. Amar

Submitted by:

Queeny Kenn A. Amar
Cristelle Mae T. Gille
IV – Faraday

Sy: 2010 – 2011

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I Page No. Introduction - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1-2 Statement of the Problem - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 Definition of Terms - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3

Chapter II Findings of the Study - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4 - 14

Chapter III Conclusion - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 15 Recommendations - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 16

Bibliography - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 17 - 18

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TOPIC OUTLINE

I. Introduction

II. Different types of Herbal Plants A. Luyang Dilaw (Ginger) B. Malunggay (Horseradish) C. Ampalaya (Bitter Melon) D. Mangosteen E. Sabila (Aloe Vera)

III. Different practices and traditions of Herbal Plants in some countries. A. Greece B. China C. India

IV. Conclusion

V. Recommendations

ii

INTRODUCTION

Herbal plants have a great contribution in the field of medicine. They are defined as the nature’s natural healers. The plants are use for treating common diseases and promotes in good health. It is the usage of roots, leaves, flowers, barks, berries, and seeds of plants, to make a natural medicine. There are many types of herbal plants that can be use in making medicine. These practices in using herbal plants are commonly called herbal medicine or herbalism. Furthermore, many countries in Asia are using medicinal herbs. These Asian countries also have their own practices, traditions and beliefs in making herbal medicines.

This study has been proven and tested by doctors and scientists. These herbal plants are very effective in treating illnesses. Many people are using herbal plants as medicines because herbal plants are cheap, easy to find and can guarantee in recovery of the patients. More people nowadays are not interested in using medicinal plants because of the modernized and advance technologies. Some of this people call herbalism as quackery and could not guarantee in the healing of the patient.

In some other countries they use rituals or prayers in making herbal plants into medicines. They have said that it is more effective rather on just a simple herbal plant. It is not because of the rituals and prayers that they use but simply because this herbal plants contains many kinds of minerals, vitamins, and other substances that can help in the growth and health of our body.

All human societies also have a medicinal belief that provides explanations for births,
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death, and diseases. Throughout history, illnesses have been attributed to witchcraft, demons, adverse astral influence, or the will of the Gods. These ideas still retain some power, with faith healing and shrines still retain places, although the rise of scientific medicine over the past millennium has attended or replaced mysticism in most cases.

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STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

This research paper aims to answer the following specific questions:

1. What are the contributions of Herbal Plants in the field of medicine? 2. What are the different kinds and uses of Herbal Plants? 3. What are the traditions and practices of different countries in making Herb Medicines? 4. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Herbal Plants?

DEFINITION OF TERMS

Herbal Plants. This refers to the medicinal plants that can treat illnesses in a natural way. Herbal Medicine or Herbalism. It is folk traditional practices because base on the use plants and plant extracts. Xanthones. This regards to the active therapeutic compound found in mangosteen. Acupuncture. A method manipulating pressure points in the body. Hippocrates. A synonymous name with the ancient Greek medicine.

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CHAPTER II

FINDINGS OF THE STUDY

On the first specific problem raised in this study was to find out what are the contribution of Herbal Plants in the field of medicine, I found out that Herbal Plants can be taken internally or can be applied externally. This means our body but also it can treat wounds, burns and types of skin diseases. This skill has been passed down to generations to generations. This natural method of treatment arose not only in other countries but worldwide. This popularity will continue as medical science validates the effectivity of many medicinal herbs as alternative medicine.1

Herbal Plants promotes wellness since from the ancient times. Before the times that professional doctors and scientist discover laboratories and extracted drug tables and syrups, medicinal herbs have been the use of people in treating and penetrating illnesses and also use as vitamins.2 People have begun to recognize the usages of herbal medicines and natural remedies because of numerous reasons. Herbal medicines are always the alternative medicine and primary source health of health care. 3[1]

People are greatly concerned about the efficiency and side effects of many synthetic drugs and herbal medicine are providing a safe and natural way in treating illnesses. Herbal medicines need not to be tested to prove that they work well and safe before they are sold.4The potency of herbal medicines varies based on the genetic variation of the herbs growing conditions of the herbs. These medicinal practice have been a great contribution for the field of medicine. These alternative ways of using medicinal herbs can be help in keeping our body intoxicated with any harmful content of commercialized drugs.5Herbal medicines are great body balancers that helps regulate body functions. It also offers the nutrients that the body fails to receive.6

Herbal medicines can be used to treat many diseases such as asthma, menopausal symptoms, eczema, premenstrual syndrome, chronic fatigue, rheumatoid, arthritis, migraine, and irritable bowel syndrome, sore throat, headaches, toothaches, stomachaches, ect., and can be use for maintaining general health when used as a natural medicinal extract and considered safer than conventional medications. These plants have a great roll in the field of medicine. They are use as supplement for the ill. This herbal plant also promotes blood circulation. Herbs have been used throughout the history to treat major and minor conditions. Like in modern pharmacology herbs contain natural chemicals that can influence biological activity. In general certain types of herbs can increase resistance to stress, increase vitality, sooth inflammation, and help and produce many other responses. 7

[2]

The second specific problem formulated in this study was to know the different kinds and uses of Herbal plants. There are many kinds of herbal plants. One of them is Luyang Dilaw or Ginger. It belongs to the family of, as its scientific name signifies, Zingiberaceae. The root stocks of this erect, smooth plant are thick, and have strong aromatic qualities. Its edible roots, tops, and even its leaves are found to have medicinal value. The taste of this herbal plant is distinct and has strong aromatic qualities. Giving the plant its pungent properties.8As an herbal plant and medicine, Luyang Dilaw has long been used as a cold, cough, fever and sore throat remedy.9

Luyang Dilaw helps in the digestion and absorption of food, lowering of cholesterol, alleviating nauseas and vomiting. Luyang Dilaw has antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral and anti-inflammatory properties as well. Thus, it is now being recommended to be taken half an hour before one’s travel to avoid being travel sick and experience nausea during the voyage. Luyang Dilaw is widely used to reduced inflammation and pain with those who have arthritis. It was found out that Luyang Dilaw lowers pain causing prostaglandin levels. Luyang Dilaw also helps pervert hair loss, simply by extracting the juice and applying it on the scalp overnight to better stimulate the hair follicles and induce hair growth.10[3]

In other words, Luyang Dilaw or Ginger relieves rheumatic pains and muscle pains, alleviates sore throat, fever and colds, ease nausea and vomiting, intestinal disorders and slow digestion and it relief form typanism and flatulence, treat intestinal worms, hinder diarrhea, gas pains, relieves digestion (dyspepsia), toothaches, lower cholesterol levels and aids treatment of tuberculosis.11

Another example is Malunggay plant or Horseradish tree. This plant belongs to the family of Moringaceae, can grow as high as nine meters. The bark of this tree has a gummy quality in it, and when peered closely, is comprised of white wood that is soft in nature. This herbal plant is recognized anywhere because all of the parts of this plant are proven to be useful.12This plant is rich in vitamin A, B and C minerals such as iron and amino acid. Most of the plants parts have been proven to be adaptable, both for consumption and for its preparation as a medicinal plant. Its leaves are proved to be good parts such as the seeds, the young pods and the flowers have been to benefits as antioxidant, anti-diabetic and circulatory stimulations. Its flower, leaves and young pods are associated and perceived to be important because of the health benefits that it provides.13 [4]

There have been claims that Malunggay can be used to lower blood pressure, aids in pain caused by rheumatism, headaches and migraines, as well as its being on anti-tumor plant. Malunggay is also used for purgative and anti-fungal purposes as well. There are various parts of the Malunggay plant which are being uses for health reasons. For one, the leaves of this plant proved to be good source of calcium, iron, ascorbic acid and phosphorus. Its other parts such as the seeds, the young pods, and the flowers have been established to benefit individuals as far as anti-oxidant, anti-diabetic, circulatory stimulations, and such other activities that are most beneficial to mankind, are concerned. All these prove that claim that this plant is indeed multi-purpose.14

Amaplaya or Bitter Melon is a climbing vine. It has been proven that it is effective herbal medicine for many ailments. Most significant of which is for diabetes.15 Bitter Melon contains a mixture of flavaroids and alkaloids make the pancreas produce more insulin that controls the blood sugar in diabetes. It is good source of vitamin A, B, and C, iron, folic acid, phosphorous and calcium also.16

Bitter Melon is an alternative medicine to help alleviate various ailments including diabetes, liver problems and even HIV. Aside from value extends to increasing the sterility of women, in parasiticide, anti-pyretic, and purgative function as well.17
[5]

In other words Bitter Melon’s herbal benefits are good for rheumatism and gaut, disease of the spleen and liver, aid in lowering blood pressure, relieves headaches, disinfects and heals wounds and burns, can be used as cough and fever remedy, treatment of intestinal worm, diarrhea, helps prevent some types of cancer, enhances immune system, treatment of hemorrhoids and is antibacterial and anti-pyretic.18

Next type of Herbal plant is Mangosteen. The Mangosteen is often called “The Queen of the Fruits” because of the taste and its medicinal properties.19 Mangosteen has an anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial and anti-tumor potency. It also has histamine and anti-inflammatory medicinal content. It has Xanthones that is the repeutic compound. Xanthones provides many times anti-oxidants. This helps strengthen the immune system and promote joint and cartilage function.20

In other terms Mangosteen advantages are anti-tumor and anit-cancer, anit-inflammatory properties, prevents and treats infections, treatment for diarrhea, cystitis, eczema, gleets and gonorrhea, anti-proliferative against human breast anaenocarcinoma cell line inhibitory activity against histamine release.21
[6]

The last featured Herbal plant in this study is Sabila or commonly called Aloe Vera. Aloe Vera holds the scientific name barbadensis miller liquid. It is a herb which is known mainly for its cosmetic functions. However, this plant is also rich in substances that aid in several illnesses and ailments. The Aloe Vera plant has been found to have great contribution to health, both internally and externally. It has properties comprising of inhibitory, anti-inflammatory, regenerative and antibacterial functions.22 Aloe Vera has the primary ingredient effective in reducing pain and allergies. In the same way, some of its properties are responsible for cell regeneration that cause close cuts and hemorrhages to heal easily and more rapidly.23

The herbal properties of Aloe Vera is able to penetrate the inner parts of the body and specifically targets joints, tendons and muscles and helps in the promotion and growth of new tissues Aloe Vera or Sabila contains vitamins B1, B2, B6, Vitamin C, and eight amino acids. It is also an anti-oxidant in which prevents oxidations of certain fats and gene cells preventing ailing conditions like tumors and concerns. Since it is an anti-oxidant, it has anti-aging properties. Aloe Vera is good for the health and can be taken internally, or applied externally.24
[7]

It medicinal benefits are treatment of acne, pimples and psoriasis, analgesic properties for inflammations of skin, helps reduce high blood, anti-aging properties, heals insect bites, minor burns and sunburns, diabetes, eradicates intestinal bacteria and parasites, helps prevent cancer and tumors, eases constipation, antifungal, antiviral, anti-parasitic and anti-biotic properties.25

The third specific problem as raised to find out the traditions and properties of different counties in making Herbal medicines. The first country is Greece or they are called Greeks. Ancient Greek medicine is synonymous with the name Hippocrates, who is deemed to be the father of modern medicine.26

Hippocrates based his study and his practice of medicine on logic, reasoning and scientific experimentation. It is for the first time in the ancient world, medicine was separated from religion, philosophy and superstition.27

Many important developments were made in the field of surgery, orthopedics, ophthalmology and obstetrics in Greece. Greek surgeons using various types of knives, syringes and forceps as surgical tools.28
[8]

Another country that practices Herbalism is China. China has developed a large body of traditional medicine. According to the ancient Chinese system of philosophy, the human body is governed by Chi, which can loosely ne translated as the “Life Force”.29

The Chi is made up of the Yin and the Yang, the feminine and masculine principles that in perfect balance ensure health, peace and well-being.30

Any imbalance between the two causes disease. Then the complicated system of Acupuncture came or was made. Acupuncture had identified pressure points in the human body that were considered crucial for the healing process. By manipulating these pressure points, ancient Chinese physician could treat the most complicated of disease with only the use of needles and herbs.31

The last country that was featured in this study is India. India has what they called Atharveda, a sacred text of Hinduism. It is the first Indian text dealing with medicine. They also have exorcism of demons and magic. The Arthraveda also contain prescriptions of herbs for various ailments.32
[9]

The use of herbs to treat ailments would later form a larger part of Ayuverda. Ayurveda means the “Science of Life”. It is also the literate, scholarly system of medicine that originated in past-Vedic India. The earliest foundations of Ayurveda nerve built on synthesis of traditional herbal practices together with a massive addiction of theoretical conceptualizations, new neologies and new therapies.33

The fourth and the last specific problem raised were to find out the advantages and disadvantages of the herbal plants. There are numerous advantages of using herbal medicine herbal medicines that tends more effective. Herbs typically fewer side effects and mat be safer to other medicines.34

Herbal medicine is cast effective and expensive than the medicines bought from an allopathic pharmacy. Another merit of herbal medicine is that it can be bought without a prescription. They are available in health store. Obesity is the cause of many of health problems. Herbal medicine can help reduce excess weight and regulates appetite.35
[10]

Herbal medicine can be effectively used for body’s natural detoxification process. It promotes wellness and healing purposes for people.36

Though herbal medicine have so many advantages, herbal medicines does not necessarily mean safe for you always. Many natural substances and herbal medicines can be harmful if taken in over doses or if used wrongly. Moreover, herbal medicines may not be pure sometimes. Unregulated, herbal products may be mislabeled and may contain undeclared additives and adulterants. They may also include other things such as plant pollen or contaminants that could make you sick.37Cure using herbal medicine and supplements would take some time. Herbs would not be able to treat serious trauma, broken leg, nor appendicitis and heart attack. Herbs do not come with instructions or package insects. Harvesting wild herbs are risky and could run into poisoning. This reveals that not all herbal plants are use for curing illnesses.38
[11]

CHAPTER III

CONCLUSION

Based on the information listed on the previous pages that were found on different sources including books, encyclopedias, and internet bases. The researchers therefore consummate that Herbal Plants can be a help in many ways and may be dangerous if it is used wisely.

Herbal Plants are natural medicines that can be a great healing tool for any kind of diseases. It contains lots of minerals and vitamins that are healthy and essential for our body. Depending different types of herbal plants it can be a key for treating any open wounds or illnesses and other bacteria living in our body.

The effects of Herbal Plants can be sometimes bad for the because of overdose of it. But if handled properly it can be a good source of medication. It can be help in people suffering in allergies in medicinal tablets and syrups. This availability of these plants in markets is high also. Sometimes, these plants can be seen in places growing on their own.

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RECOMMENDATIONS

The researcher a follow-up research of this certain topic because of the fact that the information listed on this research paper are only limited for a certain books and questions. There are certain questions that cannot be answered by this research paper which we proposed for you to search.

Every day we are passing modernization advance technologies and some of this information cannot with hold because of new discoveries. There are also some new informations that was not able to reach of the range of this investigation.

The researcher also suggesting for a search of other types of herbal plants, there uses and functions for more better information and more knowledge, for there are more kinds and types of herbal plants that are not mentioned and focused in this study.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

BOOK ENTRIES:

Bender, Richard. Herbal Basic, Canada; Stacpole Books, 2003.
Hoffman, David. A Modern Guide to Medicinal Herbs, New Jersey; Hamlyn, 2000.
Pollak, Jeanine. Healing Tonics 101 Herbal Concoctions, California, USA; Storey Books, 1998.
Remy, Samson B. Herbal Plants Treatments, USA; Sterling Pub. Co. Inc., 2000.
Tierra, Lesley. A Kid’s Herb Book, L.A.; DK Adult, 1993.

PERIODICAL ENTRIES:

Tran, Michael. “Plant and Herbal Medicine,” Herbal Focus, New York; Grolier Inc., 1990.
Bona, Roman. “Mendieval Herbs,” Herbal Focus, New York; Grolier Inc., 1990.
“Herbal Plants,” The New Webster’s International Encyclopedia, Vol. VIII, Florida, USA; Trident Press International, 1990.

INTERNET ENTRIES:

Herbal Medicine Http://www.grannystore.com/wildflowers_and_Edibles.htm.
Herbal Plants Http://herbgardeningpro.org/medicinal-herbs

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Medicinal Plants and their Uses Http://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/htm.
Benefits of Using Herbal Medicine Http://herbs.lovetoknow.com/History_of_Herbal_Medicine.

18
-----------------------
[1]Lesley Tierra. “Herbal Plants,” A Kid’s Herb Book, (L.A.; DK Adult, 1999), p.24. 2”Contribution of Herbal Plants,” Http://herbalgardeningpro.org/medicinal -herbs. 3Richard Bender. “Herbs,” Herbal Basic, (Canada; Stacpole Books, 2003), p. 824.

4 4David Hoffman. “Herbalism,” A Modern Guide to Medicinal Herbs, (New Jersey; Hamlyn. 2000), p. 26. 5Michael Tran. “Herbal Medicine,” Herbal Focus, (New York; Grolier Inc., 1990), p. 650. 6Ibid., p. 653. 7Jeanine Pollak. “Healers,” Healing Tonics 101 Herbal Concoctions, (California, USA; Storey Books, 1998), p. 17.

5 8Michael D. Harkavy. “Herbal Plants,” The New Webster’s International Encyclopedia, (Florida, USA; Trident Press International, 1999), Vol. VIII, p. 650. 9Ibid., p. 655. 10Herbal Plants, http://hergardeningpro.org/medicinal-herbs.

6 11Herbsl Plants. Http://herbalgardeningpro.org/medicinal-herbs. 12Samson B. Remy. “Uses and Treatment of Herbal Medicine,” Herbal Plants Treatments, (USA; Sterling Pub. Co. Inc., 2000), p. 75. 13Ibid., p. 76.

7 14Roman Bona. “Mendieval Herbs,” Herbal Focus, (USA; Technology Supply Inc., 1976), p.445. 15Herbal Medicine. Http://www.grannystore.com/wildflowers_and_Edibles.htm. 16Herbal Plants. Http://herbgardeningpro.org/medicinal-herbs. 17Michael Tran. “Herbal Medicne,” Herbal Focus, (New York; Grolier Inc., 1990), p. 665.

8 18 Herbal Medicines. Http://www.grannystore.com/wildflowers_and Edibles.htm. 19Lesley Tierra.”Herbal Plants,” A Kid’s Herb Book, (L.A.; DK Adult, 1993), p. 50. 20Ibid., p. 53. 21Medicinal Plants and their Uses, Http://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/htm.

9 22Samson B. Remy. “Uses and Treaments of Herbal Medicine,” Herbal Plants Treatments, (USA; Sterling Pub. Co. Inc., 2000), p. 83. 23Jeanine Pollak. “Healers,” Healing Tonics 101 Herbal Concoctions, (California, USA; Storey Books, 1998), p. 20. 24Medicinal Plants and their Uses, Http/://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/htm.

10 25 Medicinal Plants and their Uses, Http/://www.philippineherbalmedicine.org/htm. 26 David Hoffman. “Herbalism,” A Modern Guide to Medicinal Herbs, (New Jersey; Hamlyn. 2000), p. 26. 27Ibid., p. 27 28 Herbal Plants. Http://herbgardeningpro.org/medicinal-herbs.

11 29Michael D. Harkavy. “Herbal Plants,” The New Webster’s International Encyclopedia, (Florida, USA; Trident Press International, 1999), Vol. VIII, p. 650. 30Ibid., p. 654. 31Roman Bona. “Mendieval Herbs,” Herbal Focus, (USA; Technology Supply Inc., 1976), p. 445. 32 Herbal Medicines. Http://www.grannystore.com/wildflowers_and Edibles.htm.

12 33 Lesley Tierra.”Herbal Plants,” A Kid’s Herb Book, (L.A.; DK Adult, 1993), p. 50. 34 Michael D. Harkavy. “Herbal Plants,” The New Webster’s International Encyclopedia, (Florida, USA; Trident Press International, 1999), Vol. VIII, p. 650. 35Benefits of Using Herbal medicine, Http://herbs.lovetoknow.com/History_of_Herbal_Medicine.

13 36 Benefits of Using Herbal medicine, Http://herbs.lovetoknow.com/History_of_Herbal_Medicine. 37 Roman Bona. “Mendieval Herbs,” Herbal Focus, (USA; Technology Supply Inc., 1976), p. 445. 38 Ibid., p. 446.

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