Free Essay

The Working of the Holy Spirit: Charismatic Theology


Submitted By twashington
Words 3580
Pages 15

The Working of the Holy Spirit: Charismatic Theology

Submitted to Dr. Lee Mitchell in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the completion of

THEO 510
Survey of Christian Doctrine


Teri Washington
July 4, 2015

Table of Contents

Thesis Statement 1
The Need for the Study 1
The Procedure for the Study 1
Introduction 1
Defining Charismatic Theology 1
History of Charismatic Theology 2
Declarations 2 Baptism of the Holy Spirit 2 Speaking in Tongues 3 Gift of Healing 4 Gift of Prophecy 5 Slain in the Spirit 7
Personal Views 7 Opposing Views 9
Conclusion 10
Selected Bibliography 11

Thesis Statement Charismatic Theology gives contemporary Christians faith that they may experience declarations of the Holy Spirit in the same manner as first century Christians.
The Need for the Study There is controversy surrounding the declarations of Charismatic Theology. This research will provide ways in which Scripture is manipulated to meet ones individual needs. Biblical exegesis will be utilized to provide clarification between Scripture and its alterations.
The Procedure for the Study
Charismatic Theology takes an in-depth look at the supernatural experiences explained in the Bible. These experiences are considered gifts that Christians receive from God. Not everyone agrees on the meanings of these references. Controversy comes into play when scripture is manipulated to meet the needs of the person reading it. A better understanding for Charismatic Theology can be gained by reviewing its history, exploring the declarations and examining the different viewpoints.
Defining Charismatic Theology
Charismatic Movement was originally defined as “the practice of spiritual gifts and the baptism in the Spirit in the older, ‘historic’ or ‘mainline’ churches.” Over the years nondenominational charismatic churches have evolved thus the way in which they are defined had to change too. Charismatic is now used “to refer to all those movements outside denominational or ‘classical’ Pentecostalism where spiritual gifts are exercised.”
History of Charismatic Theology
The history of Charismatic Theology as it relates to Pentecostals began in the early twentieth century and by 1989 grew worldwide to approximately 353 million people. “Classical Pentecostalism began on January 1, 1901 when Agnes Ozman spoke in tongues at Bethel Bible School in Topeka, Kansas.” It spurred in 1906-07 during a Revival in Los Angeles by William Seymour and from there spread worldwide. This was termed the “first wave”.
The “second wave” was the charismatic renewal which is a more recent movement. It began in 1960 with Dennis Bennett. “Originally beginning with the Pentecostal movement, the charismatic movement broadened its boundaries to impact many Protestant and Catholic denominations. Believing the sign gifts of speaking in tongues and healing are not restricted to the apostolic age, charismatics affirm these sign gifts as valid throughout the centuries and into the present.”
The “third wave” as named by Peter Wagner is similar in belief to both the first wave (Pentecostalism) and the second wave (charismatic renewal) when it comes to the gift of healing and the gift of prophecy. However, they have some differences with it comes to some of the charismatic gifts.
The gifts of the Holy Spirit are sometimes called pneumatikos meaning spiritual things or things pertaining to the spirit. This word explains the spiritual nature and origin of spiritual gifts. They are not natural talents but have the origin of the Holy Spirit. The gifts of the Holy Spirit is also called charisma which means grace gift. These are not natural developed abilities that one can master with much practice and but rather are gifts given by God’s grace. “For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith. Having then gifts differing according to the grace that is given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of faith.”
The gifts of the Holy Spirit can be used in two ways. “First, a spiritual gift to an individual is God’s enablement for personal spiritual service. Second, a spiritual gift to the church is a person uniquely equipped for the church’s edification and maturation.” It should be noted that one’s ability or talent and gift for doing something is not the same as possessing a gift of the Holy Spirit. A natural gift is usually one that someone is born with; whereas a spiritual gift is given by God at the moment of conversion.
Speaking in tongues is the first gift of the Holy Spirit and probably the most debatable gift that I will address. Parham developed an idea about speaking in tongues which has greatly influenced present day beliefs. “This is the new idea that baptism in the Spirit would be exclusively proved by speaking in tongues.” This idea was taken over by Bill Seymour and marks the division between “the Holiness Movement from the early Pentecostal Movement.” Like Parham, many pastors preach the evidence of the gift of the Holy Spirit is speaking in tongues. While preaching the importance of the Baptism in the Holy Spirit, it is important that Christians do not seek tongues but instead worship Jesus Christ and he will fill us with his Holy Spirit. “And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.” Although tongues are the most controversial of the gifts, it is lesser of the gifts. “Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular. And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.”
Along with the gift of tongues is the interpretation of tongues. The gift of the interpretation of tongues was the supernatural ability for one to translate the language or unknown tongue spoken by the believer. This was done for the benefit of the people who were there and did not understand the language of the tongues. This also limited confusion around speaking in tongues in the church. Paul tells the church “I would that ye all spake with tongues, but rather that ye prophesied: for greater is he that prophesieth than he that speaketh with tongues, except he interpret, that the church may receive edifying. Wherefore let him that speaketh in an unknown tongue pray that he may interpret.”
The next gift is the gift of healing. The gift of healing was a supernatural gift that gave one the ability to heal or cure another person’s sickness. In the New Testament, Jesus preformed many acts of the gift of healing. These healings were instantaneous, complete, permanent, limited, unconditional, purposeful, subordinate, significant, successful and inclusive. Jesus heals a man with leprosy immediately. “And Jesus, moved with compassion, put forth his hand, and touched him, and saith unto him, I will; be thou clean. And as soon as he had spoken, immediately the leprosy departed from hi, and he was cleansed.” Jesus heals completely. “And when the men of that place had knowledge of hi, they sent out into all that country round about, and brought unto him all that were diseased; and besought him that they might only touch the hem of his garment: and as many touched were made perfectly whole.” Probably the most amazing act of the gift of healing perform by Jesus was to unbelievers who did not know Jesus much less have a relationship with him. Jesus heals a man who was born blind and whom later is questioned by the religious leaders. The religious leaders tell the blind man to give God praise for his healings. Doing this would have resulted in the blind man being put out of the synagogue. The blind man answered and said, “Whether he be a sinner or no, I know not, one thing I know, that, whereas I was blind, now I see.” It is important to mention that the gift of healing was not always done by the laying on of hands. This is shown when Jesus heals the woman with the issue of blood. The woman touches the hem of Jesus garment but he never touches her and she is made whole. Jesus not only heals Lazarus but he raises him from the dead. Jesus never touches Lazarus but called him forth from the grave. This displayed the inclusiveness of Jesus’ healings. Along with the gift of healing, “footwashing served as the sacramental activity by which we continue to experience God’s redemptive cleansing and healing.”
Another spiritual gift is the gift of prophecy. The meaning of prophesy is to proclaim a divine revelation, prophetically reveal what is hidden and foretell the future. “Prophecy is for the purpose of building up and strengthening people, exhorting and encouraging certain actions, and bringing consolation and comfort. Hence prophecy, as a direct word from the Lord, serves first to build up people.” It builds up and edifies the church. Paul teaches about prophecy. “Follow after charity, and desire spiritual gifts, but rather that ye may prophesy. But he that prophesieth speaketh unto men to edification, and exhortation, and comfort.” Kenneth Hagin who is a charismatic taught that revelation continues today. He explained after he was filled with the Holy Ghost, he would know things supernaturally about people, places and things. This was not the only way that revelation of the gift of prophecy was displayed. It was also displayed through visions and dreams. “And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions. And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit.” In these scriptures, prophesy, dreams and visions are directly related to the Holy Spirit and will be given to many people, not just a select few. God’s spirit will be upon all flesh, man, woman, both young and old, boy and girl.
There are two types of visions, open and closed vision. Open vision is when one receives a vision with his or her eyes wide open. A closed vision is when one receives a picture or vision in their mind’s eye. Neither one is more powerful than the other but sometimes it is easier to understand the closed vision. The closed vision is sometimes accompanied with a picture. Like the sayings go “A picture is worth a thousand words and seeing is believing”. Sometimes visions may need interpretation and other times it may not. The Holy Spirit will give you a witness so you will know the vision is from him.
The Holy Spirit also communicates through dreams. The Bible gives many examples of people receiving dreams from the Lord. God used an angel in a dream to tell Joseph to flee to Egypt right after Jesus was born because Herod was getting ready to kill all of the first born. Another instance is when King Nebuchadnezzar was given dreams of the end of times and he needed Daniel to interpret his dreams. If a dream is really from the Lord, it will not fade away and at some time in the future the dream will present itself. There should also be a personal message in the dream for you. Like God promised Joseph that he would rule over his brothers. This dream came forth after he interpreted the king’s dream.
Slain in the Spirit is the final gift of the Holy Spirit that I will elaborate on. The term “slain in the Spirit” is used by Charismatics and the Pentecostal denominations, such as the Assemblies of God, Church of God, and Church of God in Christ to name a few. Slain in the Spirit is a claim that the Holy Spirit moves upon the person and the person is “slain". This does not mean slain as if the person dies, but slain means that the person is overcome by the presence of the Spirit he or she falls down to the ground being completely overcome. Normally a preacher or evangelist who is anointed puts his hand usually on peoples' foreheads causing them to fall down and be incapacitated for a while. They are slain in the Spirit as they are overcome by the presence of the Holy Spirit. Usually being slain in the Spirit occurs in a church service after a period of singing and preaching where the congregation has reached a spiritual emotional high. “Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons. Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye? They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.” Like the gift of tongues, there is debate about whether or not being slain in the Spirit is legitimate or just a hoax.
Personal Views My personal view of the baptism of the Holy Spirit is that it happens at the time of conversion. “Then Peter said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost.” I believe this to be true because Jesus told his disciples he would leave the comforter, the Holy Ghost when he leaves. “But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.” And then Jesus tells us that we will have power: “But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.” I believe that speaking in tongues is a sign of having the Holy Spirit; however, I do not believe that a Christian does not possess the Holy Spirit just because he or she does not speak in tongues. I personally have never spoken in tongues but have received the utterance. One reason I feel I have not spoken in tongues is because I am a member of a Baptist church where the gifts of the Spirit were never taught makes it somewhat difficult to exercise certain gifts. Because speaking in tongues was not taught or practiced in my church, the congregation have reservations about it authenticity. The other reason I have not spoken in tongues is for the fear of it not sounding like other tongues I have heard. This probably sounds somewhat silly but it is a real fear of mine. I do know that God has not given us a spirit of fear, but sometimes my flesh flares up and brings about fear. I believe and support the gift of healing and the gift of prophecy. There are many scriptures that support healing and prophecy. Looking back as far as the Old Testament, healing and prophecy was displayed. Because of Sarah’s faith, God healed her womb. She was naturally and physically unable to have children in her old age but God healed her and allowed her to conceive. Isaiah prophesizes about the coming of the Lord. “Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.” The final experience by the Charismatics is the being slain in the Spirit. I truly believe in this and have experienced the act several times. Each time I was at church and walked up to the front of the church for prayer. Someone, usually the preacher laid his hand on my forehead and I went backwards and fell to the floor. For a period of time it was as if I was asleep but I knew that I was not actually asleep. Sometimes during this time God would speak to me and give me direction and guidance of issues that I was dealing with. I can vividly remember one instance where God told me to just “be still”. Yes, I believe in all the gifts of the Spirit. It is just unfortunate that people misuse God’s gifts and causes people to doubt their legitimacy. Opposing Views The greatest opposing views about the gifts of the Spirit is that it lacks sound Bible teaching. Many think that Pentecostals confuse baptism of the Spirit and the filling of the Spirit. Some Charismatics think “modern tongues are not known to the hearers but are supranational utterances.” People that oppose prophecy say that it has ceased and it not a part of the world today. Scriptures John 1:8 and Hebrews 2”3-4 are used to support their claim. The same is the case with being slain in the Spirit. Those opposing this act of the Holy Spirit says it lack biblical support. They do not believe Christians were given the command to ask Jesus for the Holy Spirit. Even though the scripture tells us the Jesus teaches his disciples to ask for the Holy Spirit. “If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?”
The Charismatic Movement is a Christian theology based on embracing spiritual gifts from God. This movement evolved over three waves; first the Pentecostalism; second the Charismatic renewal and the third being a combination of the two. Throughout these waves the gifts of the Holy Spirit are manifested in various ways. Speaking in tongues, the gift of healing, the gift of prophecy, and baptism in the Holy Spirit are the five gifts that can be received. My personal views provided in this paper supports the role of each of these gifts within the Charismatic movement. The opposing views challenged their validity. In support of the personal views, biblical references were implemented to show the strength with the Charismatic movement. With many things, people justify or find ways to support what they believe in. It is imperative that we as Christians study the word of God and pray for understanding of his word.


Anderson, Allan Heaton. An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity. 2nd ed. New York, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Archer, Kenneth J. "Nourishment for our Journey: The Pentecostal Via Salutis and Sacramental Ordinances." Journal of Pentecostal Theology, no. 13 (October 2004): 79-96. Religion and Philosophy Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed June 28, 2015).

Cartledge, Mark. "PRACTICAL THEOLOGY AND CHARISMATIC SPIRITUALITY: DIALECTICS IN THE SPIRIT." Journal Of Pentecostal Theology 10, no. 2 (April 2002): 93. Religion and Philosophy Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed June 7, 2015).

Enns, Paul. The Moody Handbook of Theology. Revised ed. Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 2014.

Fettke, Steven M. "The Spirit of God Hovered Over the Waters: Creation, the Local Church, and the Mentally and Physically Challenged, A Call to Spirit-led Ministry." Journal Of Pentecostal Theology 17, no. 2 (April 2009): 170-182. Religion and Philosophy Collection, EBSCOhost(accessed June 7, 2015).

Foltz, Howard. "Spirit-Shaped Mission: A Holistic Charismatic Theology." Pneuma: The Journal Of The Society For Pentecostal Studies29, no. 1 (Spring2007 2007): 141-142. Religion and Philosophy Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed June 7, 2015).

Kaiser Jr., Walter C. "The indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament." Evangelical Quarterly 82, no. 4 (October 2010): 308-315. Religion in Philosophy Collection, EBSCOhost (accessed June 7, 2015).

Pinnock, Clark H. Flame of Love: A Theology of the Holy Spirit. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2009.

Suurmond, Jean-Jacques. Word and Spirit at Play: Towards a Charismatic Theology. Grand Rapids, MI: William B Eerdmans Publishing, 1994.

Williams, J. Rodman. Renewal Theology: Systematic Theology from a Charismatic Perspective. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011.

[ 1 ]. Allan Heaton Anderson, An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity, 2nd ed. (New York, Cambridge University Press, 2013), 144.
[ 2 ]. Ibid., 144.
[ 3 ]. Paul Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology, Revised ed. (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 2014), 679.
[ 4 ]. Paul Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology, Revised ed. (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 2014), 743.
[ 5 ]. Romans 12:3,6 (KJV).
[ 6 ]. Paul Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology, Revised ed. (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 2014), 283.
[ 7 ]. Jean-Jacques Suurmond, Word and Spirit at Play: Towards a Charismatic Theology, (Grand Rapids, MI: William B Eerdmans Publishing, 1994), 5.
[ 8 ]. Acts 1:4.
[ 9 ]. 1 Corinthians 12: 28-29.
[ 10 ]. 1 Corinthians 14:5,13.
[ 11 ]. Mark 1:41-42.
[ 12 ]. Matthew 14:35-36.
[ 13 ]. John 9:25.
[ 14 ]. Kenneth J. Archer, "Nourishment For Our Journey: The Pentecostal Via Salutis And Sacramental Ordinances," Journal of Pentecostal Theology, no. 13 (2004): 92.
[ 15 ]. Williams, J. Rodman Williams, Renewal Theology: Systematic Theology from a Charismatic Perspective, (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2011).
[ 16 ]. 1 Corinthians 14:1,3
[ 17 ]. Joel 2:28-29.
[ 18 ]. John 18:3-6.
[ 19 ]. Acts 2:38.
[ 20 ]. John 14:26.
[ 21 ]. Acts 1:8.
[ 22 ]. Isaiah 7:14
[ 23 ]. Paul Enns, The Moody Handbook of Theology, Revised ed. (Chicago, IL: Moody Press, 2014), 683.
[ 24 ]. Luke 11:13

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Charismatic Theology

...Research Paper Of “A Select Issue in Contemporary Theology: Charismatic Theology." THEO 510-C03 LUO (Fall 2012) Survey of Christian Doctrine Dr. Eunice Abogunrin, Professor Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary Carol H. Montgomery (ID# 24993689) November 11, 2012 CONTENTS COVER PAGE 1 CONTENTS 2 THESIS 3 INTRODUCTION 3 CHARSMATIC GIFTS DEBATE 3-12 CONCLUSION 12 BIBLIOGRAPHY 13 INTRODUCTION This research paper will show that biblical referred to as glossolalia; the ability to “speak in tongues” is fiercely debated. While the Bible gives clear examples of genuine glossolalia, which will be examined later, the modern debate centers around the need or not, nature, importance, and usage of “tongues” today. Lastly, this paper will examine the biblical accounts of glossolalia along with more occurrences that are contemporary to determine whether modern episodes of “tongues” are needed or not needed. Out of all the gifts, the one that Paul speaks of the most controversial is the gift of tongues. "Glossolalia" is the most commonly accepted term for "speaking in tongues." It comes from the Greek words meaning "tongues" or "languages," and "to speak." Although not exclusively, "speaking in tongues" is primarily practiced by Pentecostal Christians. Glossolalia is the "prayer language" of Pentecostal churches. Some Christians who speak in tongues believe they are speaking in an existing language. Most believe they are uttering a heavenly...

Words: 3542 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Book Critique -- Paul, the Spirit, and the People of God

...Blank PLESAE GO DOWN TO NEXT PAGE FOR THE BEGINNING. LIBERTY UNIVERSITY PAUL, THE SPIRIT, AND THE PEOPLE OF GOD GORDON FEE, AUTHOR A BOOK SUMMARY AND INTERACTION SUBMITTED TO DR. DANIEL MITCHELL IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE THEO530, SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY BY EDDIE H FINCH – 22458150 LYNCHBURG, VA THEURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 2013 1 In Paul, the Spirit, and the People of God, Gordon Fee outlines a theology of the Spirit in the Divine Trinity, the basis within Scripture for the experience of the Spirit, and the interaction of the two. Fee, a Pentecostal scholar, “redefines the terms of discussion about the Holy Spirit in a way that transcends today’s paradigm of ‘charismatic’ or ‘non-charismatic’ orientation.” Fee fills the gap between the neglect of the Spirit in traditional theologies and the seemingly excesses of the “Spirit movement.” He seeks to revitalize the people of God with a new Scriptural understanding of the Trinity, recognizing once again the role played by the Spirit in the teaching and living of the church communities under Paul’s ministry as well as Paul, himself. The author’s excellence in scholarship as well as his consistent exegesis as he considers each of the supporting Pauline texts concerning the Spirit allows the reader to feel that he is not being led through an academic exercise or a diverse display of opinions and prejudices, but through the New Testament itself...

Words: 1650 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Glossolalia or No Glosssolalia

...INTRODUCTION Church history has been filled with heated debates about speaking in tongues. This modern movement has been one of the most intriguing and apprehensive trends of the contemporary charismatic movement. Glossolalia (speaking in tongues) has been responsible for numerous divisions among Christians because advocates who observe and practice speaking in tongues take the matter seriously. The gap in this division is wide, ranging from accusations of mental instability and personal impairment to direct and holy communication with God. It is the purpose of this paper to show that biblical evidence demonstrates that glossolalia is irrelevant for today. We will first introduce a working definition of glossolalia, then look at some important historical facts revealed in Acts, the gospel of Mark, and 1 Corinthians, consider supporting arguments from each side of the debate, and finally conclude with a position that is supported by thoughts from informed theologians and more importantly, the Holy Bible (God’s word). DEFINITION Glossolalia is derived from the Greek noun glossa which is interpreted as “the tongue, a language,” and the verb laleo which is interpreted as “to speak”. Therefore, glossolalia is a literal translation of the Greek words “glosso” and “laleo” meaning “speaking in tongues”. Oxford Dictionary defines glossolalia as a phenomenon of (apparently) speaking in an unknown language, especially in religious worship. The most common usage for the phenomenon...

Words: 2477 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Comparative Essay

...CHARISMATIC GIFTS DEBATE 1 CHARISMATIC GIFTS DEBATE Robert Johnson THEO 350 – D06 201530 summer 2015 08/1/15 Charismatic Gifts Debate 2 The Charismatic gifts of the Holy Spirit have been in debate among the Christian Community since the emergence of the Charismatic movement: An expression used to refer to a movement within historic churches that began in the 1950’s. In more recent years it has frequently been referred to as the “charismatic renewal movement”. Therefore members are known as “charismatics”. The background of the charismatic movement is “Pentecostalism” dating from the early twentieth century with its emphasis on baptism with (or in) the Holy Spirit as an endowment of power subsequent to conversion, speaking in tongues as the initial evidence of this baptism, and the initial evidence of this baptism, and the continuing validity of the spiritual gifts (charismata) of 1 Corinthians 12:8-10 (W. Elwell 2001). “For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit; To another faith by the same Spirit; to...

Words: 2555 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

The Charismatic Gifts Debate

...9 THE CHARISMATIC GIFTS DEBATE PRESENTED TO PROFESSOR OGEDI OMENYINMA FOR THEO 350 – DO4 BY REV. JOSEPH T. WHITAKER, III LU23755920 LIBERTY UNIVERSITY LYNCHBURG VIRGINIA JULY 20, 2014 1 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2 WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE SIGN GIFTS------------------------------------------------------ ARE THE SIGN GIFTS FOR TODAY OR HAVE THEY CEASED-------------------------------- ARE THE CONTEMPORARY SIGN GIFTS BEING PRACTICED BIBLICALLY-------------- CONCLUSION----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Introduction This charismatic gifts debate will explore God’s biblically stated purpose and intention for His supernatural gifts to be manifested in the practice of the New Testament Church. The question of whether the Bible declares if sign gifts are to be expected until the return of the Lord Jesus Christ, or have those gifts...

Words: 2988 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...r Divine-Human Synergism in Ministry Dennis Bratcher A paper presented to the Breckenridge Conference on Clergy Preparation I. Introduction II. Synergism: A Biblical and Theological Base III. The Church's Mission and Ministry: A Recovery of Balance IV. Divine-Human Synergism in Ministry Footnotes Bibliography I. Introduction The Issue In Context The Church In this series of conferences begun last year, we are in process of reflecting on the direction and focus of the ministry and ministerial training in the Church of the Nazarene as our community of faith moves into the twenty-first century. We have attempted to approach our task from two complimentary perspectives, caricatured last year as the "field" of hands-on work and the "realm" of reflective inquiry (although I think there are serious problems inherent in such an artificial dichotomy of responsibilities). -1-  From our initial attempts, it has become obvious that we face a multiplicity of issues in such an endeavor. The range and diversity of these issues arise partly from the variety of theological, historical, and practical concerns operating with each of us as individuals and partly from the assumptions and perspectives imported from particular arenas of ministry. One common element that keeps reappearing in various forms is the issue of the nature and mission of the Church. This issue is not unique to our enterprise in these conferences, as the new eleventh Article of Faith on...

Words: 14067 - Pages: 57

Premium Essay

The Theology of the Emerging Church

...RESEARCH PAPER “The Theology of the Emerging Church” THEO 510 LUO Dr. Sanders Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary Joseph M. Yarbrough November 10, 2013 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………1 History of the Church……………….……………………………………………………………2 Church Doctrine…………………………………………………………………………………..3 The Emerging Church…………………………………………………………………………….4 Beliefs of the Emerging Church…………………………………………………………………..5 Methodologies of the Emerging Church………………………………………………………….8 Strengths and Weakness of the Emerging Church………………………………………………..9 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………………………….10 Works Cited……………………………………………………………………………………...12 Introduction Churches all across America are working hard in their attempts to increase the kingdom of God with all kinds of innovative and inspirational ministries. Many of these churches are tuning their worship services to make them more attractive and exciting to reach a new generation. According to George Barna, “Millions of dollars flow from church budgets into events each year in an effort to influence people’s thinking and behavior. Literally billions of dollars are spent every year maintaining, upgrading, and expanding buildings and facilities to provide the space and equipment required for the ministries planned by the church. To appeal to people who have thus far turned a cold shoulder to God, churches and denominations launch sophisticated marketing campaigns that are designed to reposition...

Words: 3487 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

African Diaspora

...Chapter 12: The African Diaspora in the Caribbean and Europe from Pre-emancipation to the Present Day by Roswith Gerloff Caribbean history of Christianity can be divided, with overlaps, into four main periods: the rather monolithic form of Spanish Catholicism from 1492, and of the Church of England from 1620; the arrival of the Evangelicals or nonconformist missionaries, Moravians, Methodists, Baptists, Congregationalists, and Presbyterians from the mid-eighteenth century; consolidation and growth of various European denominations in the region in uneasy tension with the proliferation of independent black Christian groups and African religions in the post-emancipation era from 1833; the contest for political, economic and religious independence after 1870, including the shift from British Imperial intervention and influence to those from North America, and national independence after 1962. Contemporary studies in anthropology and sociology of religion speak of 'religions on the move', or the process of transmigration and transculturation, as it refers to dynamic, reciprocal, transitory and multidimensional creations in shaping a 'poly-contextual world'. This implies that religions have to be regarded as cultural and spiritual phenomena whose 'taken-for granted' essence1 has resulted from transcultural and transnational processes of mutual 1 Klaus Hock, University of Rostock, abstract for an essay on the African Christian Diaspora in Europe, January...

Words: 8882 - Pages: 36

Free Essay


...understand the doctrine of Calvinism. I will try to explain what it is and the historical information behind it. It has a pretty wide doctrine that I will have the chance of defining it all through the paper. I think that it will be easy to highlight the scriptural basis linked to Calvinism. I will be glad to point out show the linkage present between Calvinism and scriptures in the Bible. There are different belief systems within Christianity of which Calvinism is one of them. Calvinism was taught by John Calvin, and it strictly pays attention to a very high view of scripture and tends to derive its theological formulations majorly on the word of God. In the course, I will be pointing out the theological development of Calvinism. How has the theology developed from the past? How did it come to be? Has it be accepted by the Christians or not? However, at the end of my work, I will be glad to show reasons that Calvinism has been criticized. Therefore, I will be able to indicate the criticism of the doctrine and the reason why some people oppose this doctrine. Different people have divergent views about Calvinism hence; the objections are present and will be highlighted. What people wonder is whether Calvinism is biblical or not. Many Christians have doubts and many questions in their mind about Calvinism. However, others believe and accept the doctrine of Calvinism and are satisfied with it. Therefore, there are those Christians who oppose the doctrine, as well as those who are satisfied...

Words: 6086 - Pages: 25

Premium Essay


...Christianity Christianity (from the Ancient Greek word Χριστός, Christos, a translation of the Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one",together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas) is an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and oral teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. Christianity is the world's largest religion, with approximately 2.2 billion adherents, known as Christians. Most Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God, fully divine and fully human, and the saviour of humanity whose coming was prophesied in the Old Testament. Consequently, Christians refer to Jesus as Christ or the Messiah. The foundations of Christian theology are expressed in ecumenical creeds. These professions of faith state that Jesus suffered, died, was buried, and was resurrected from the dead in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust in him for the remission of their sins. The creeds further maintain that Jesus bodily ascended into heaven, where he reigns with God the Father. Most Christian denominations teach that Jesus will return to judge everybody, living and dead, and to grant eternal life to his followers. He is considered the model of a virtuous life. His ministry, crucifixion, and resurrection are often referred to as "the gospel", meaning "good news" (a loan translation of the Greek: εὐαγγέλιον euangélion). The term gospel also refers to written accounts of Jesus's life and teaching, four of which...

Words: 12460 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay


...Pentecostalism * One way in which this religion spread begins with an independent bible school in Topeka, Kansas, founded by Charles Fox Parham (1873-1929) * Some students there had a particular concern for the account in the Christian New Testament recorded in the book of Acts, chapter two, describing what happened to Jesus’ disciples as they gathered in a private room in Jerusalem during the Jewish festival of Pentecost. * This festival attracted thousands of tourists who spoke many different languages. According to the account, the Holy Spirit enabled the disciples to speak in these different languages. This phenomenon is called “speaking in tongues” or glossolalia. Those who spoke in different languages believed the Holy Spirit granted them the gift or power to do so. Much of the Christian tradition restricted such miraculous gifts to the age of the apostles and did not expect them later. * Parham’s students in Topeka found nothing in the biblical text that limited such spiritual gifts to an ancient time. On New Year’s Day, 1901, Agnes Ozman received the gift of speaking in tongues. Parham soon embraced the idea, equating such spiritual gifts with a “second baptism” that followed the traditional baptism which used water to anoint individuals. This second baptism was a baptism of fire * Speaking in tongues is a form of ecstatic experience when for a time another power seized control of one and manifests itself. * The Pentecostal...

Words: 6697 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Theology of the Body

...Pope John Paul II’s Theology of the Body A Cliff Notes’ Version Introduction A. The Theology of the Body is the term used to describe the teaching of Pope John Paul about the human person and human sexuality given during his Wednesday Catecheses in St. Peter’s Square between September 5, 1979 and November 28, 1984. John Paul II says that these catecheses could be called “Human Love in the Divine Plan” or “The Redemption of the Body and the Sacramentality of Marriage.” B. Various scholars, in different language groupings, will generally break the theology of the body found in these 129 catecheses down into four main sections, others six. I think the most logical way to do so is to break it down into seven interrelated sections: 1) The Original Unity of Man and Woman as found in the Book of Genesis • 23 catecheses from September 5, 1979-April 9, 1980 2) Purity of Heart versus Concupiscence: Catechesis on the Sermon on the Mount • 27 catecheses from April 16 to December 10, 1980 3) St. Paul’s Teaching on the Human Body: Life according to the Spirit • 13 catechesis from December 17, 1980 to May 6, 1981 4) Marriage and celibacy in light of the resurrection of the body • 9 catechesis from November 11, 1981 to February 10, 1982 5) Virginity or celibacy for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven • 14 catecheses from March 10, 1982 to July 21, 1982 6) The sacramentality of marriage based on Ephesians 5:22-33 • 27 catecheses from July 28, 1982 to July 4, 1984 7) Reflections...

Words: 32011 - Pages: 129

Premium Essay

Doctrine Statement

...Inspiration - The Scriptures in the autographs are literally God-breathed (yeopneustov.) Holy men of God spoke and wrote as they were borne along (feromenoi) by the Spirit of God. 2 Timothy 3:16; 2 Peter 1:21 B. Infallibility (Inerrancy) - The Scriptures, being inspired, are incapable of error. 2 Peter 1:21; Hebrews 6:18 C. Complete (Plenary) - The canon of the Scriptures (66 Books - the 39 of the Old Testament and 27 of the New Testament) was completed with the writing of the Book of the Revelation and there will be no further Scripture (written) revelation from God. Revelation 22:18 D. Preservation - God has promised to preserve His Word, and the Scriptures that we have today are the Words of God. Psalm 119:89; Matthew 24:35; 1 Peter 1:23 E. Authority - The Bible is the sole authority for faith and practice for the Believer. 2 Timothy 3:16; James 1:21-22; 1 Samuel 15:22 F. Translations - While not inspired, as are the autographs, a translation based upon, and accurate to the preserved copies of the autographs (those of the Hebrew Masoretic Text of the Old Testament and the Textus Receptus of the New Testament) is the Word of God and is, with consideration being given to typographical error, Infallible, Plenary, and Authoritative. II. The Godhead (Theology Proper) A. The Trinity - The Bible declares one God eternally existing in three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. These three are co-equal in power and glory and have the same attributes and perfections...

Words: 3828 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Doc Kinzo

...John 14:25-26 "These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. But the Helper, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he will teach you all things and bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. Today we are going to start our study of what people often call spiritual gifts, what they are, why we have them, how to use them. People get so excited about spiritual gifts. You get these churches that can’t get enough of them and are Paul says that right now they are ignorant concerning (spirit things) pneumatikwn: a lot of ignorant teaching about spiritual gifts. Paul says be careful. He says, in verse 1, ”Now concerning these types of spiritual things, brothers, I do not want you to be uninformed, or ignorant.” 1) Not All That Glitters is Gold: Not every thing that looks “spiritual” is in actuality from the Holy Spirit. We’re going to look at three important words today that I think are very misunderstood. The important word here is “Pneumatikon.” Spiritual things. This is was not Paul’s favorite word to talk about God’s giftings, but he uses it here because it was a favorite word of the Corinthian church. Paul uses the word more in his letter to the Corinthians than in the rest of the New Testament combined. The Corinthians liked to call themselves spiritual and they gloried in dramatic expressions of spiritually. But remember, there so-called spirituality was a self-deception. The picture here is Pyryte: fools Gold. Don’t...

Words: 12227 - Pages: 49

Premium Essay


...Unit 3 Sociology; Beliefs in Society Different theories of Ideology, Science and Religion An Ideology is a closed set of beliefs that reject other views. A Belief is a framework of ideas through which an individual makes sense of the world. They are generally connected to a religion and based on faith with no evidence needed. Science is based on evidence, factual, objective and regarded as the truth. Religion is based on faith, not truth. It is a fixed view of how the world is and claims to be the truth. Theories of ideology Marxists believe that the ideas that people hold are formed by their position in society, and ideology is seen as the ideas of particular social groups reflecting their interests. The Marxist view is associated with the view that there is a Dominant Ideology (the set of ideas and beliefs of the most powerful groups in society – ruling class). Althusser suggested the dominant ideology was spread through a series of Ideological State Apparatuses (agencies [media, religion, education etc] that spread the dominant ideology and justify the power of the dominant social class). Gramsci developed the concept Hegemony (dominance in society of the ruling class’s set of ideas over others, and acceptance of and consent to them by the rest of society). Pluralism is a view that sees power in society spread among a wide variety of interest groups and individuals, with no single one having a monopoly on power. A Pluralist Ideology is the set of ideas reflecting...

Words: 6992 - Pages: 28