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Time Perspective

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By sas212
Words 2810
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SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND PERSONALITY, 2011, 39(6), 729-736 © Society for Personality Research DOI 10.2224/sbp.2011.39.6.729

TIME PERSPECTIVE AND LIFE SATISFACTION AMONG YOUNG ADULTS IN TAIWAN
YU-JING GAO Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC
Profiles of time perspective were explored using a person-oriented approach, and the relationship between balanced time perspective (BTP) and life satisfaction in young Taiwanese adults was examined. A cluster group was identified that fitted the configuration of BTP as proposed by Boniwell and Zimbardo (2004), that is, high past positive, high present hedonistic, and high future scores, combined with low past negative and low present fatalistic scores. Results showed that there were significant differences in life satisfaction between those with a BTP profile and those without. In addition, logistic regression results showed that individuals with more past-positive or future orientations or less past-negative orientation were more likely to have a high level of life satisfaction. Keywords: balanced time perspective, life satisfaction, cluster analysis, Taiwan, Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory.

People live in continual time flows composed of three temporal frames, that is, the past, the present, and the future. Psychology of time research involves two distinct paradigms, in one of which time is viewed as an objective phenomenon and in the other as a subjective phenomenon (Boniwell, Osin, Linley, & Ivanchenko, 2010). Time perspective (TP) is a key area of research within the psychological approach to time. Most early measurements of TP were disadvantaged by low reliability or a focus on only a single temporal orientation (Boniwell et al., 2010; D’Alessio,
Yu-Jing Gao, Department of Psychology, Fu Jen Catholic University, Hsinchuang, New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC. The author would like to thank Philip

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