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Tobacco Use in Poland


Submitted By kpin
Words 3770
Pages 16
11/8/2012 HCM657-DL


Smoking causes a long list of diseases, leading to premature death in half of all smokers. Tobacco is implicated in numerous cancers including bladder, kidney, larynx, mouth, pancreas, and stomach. Lung cancer is the most common disease caused by smoking. Smoking is also a major cause of cardiovascular diseases, including strokes, heart attacks, and respiratory diseases such as emphysema. Many additional costs are generated due to health issues caused by smoking. Poland is slow in bringing around tobacco control, but continued advancements and increased social awareness is changing the perspective of many smokers.
According to the World Health Organization – Europe 2009 report, there are approximately nine million tobacco-smokers in Poland, representing 29% of the country’s adult population. Results of a national survey conducted in 2007 indicated that 34% of men and 23% of women smoked on a daily basis. Tobacco-smoking has been a persistent and serious social problem for many years. (1)
Tobacco use is the single most preventable cause of death in the world today, killing as many as half the people who smoke tobacco. Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS), conducted in Poland in 2009-2010, was a nationally representative household survey (2). This was conducted by men and women aged 15 and older regarding tobacco consumption. The reasoning behind the survey was to produce internationally comparable data on tobacco use and tobacco control measure through a standardized questionnaire. (2)

Tobacco Consumption
The dramatic social, economic, and political changes after the fall of communism exacerbated Poland’s addiction to tobacco. In 1989 Poland had the highest cigarette consumption in the world. In the late 1970’s the average Pole smoked more than 3,500 cigarettes each year. (1,2) Nearly three

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