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美国 12 月 19 号,20 号机经预测
声明:本人对北美托福的出题有一定的研究,我根据这
几年北美题库的题,按照出题的规律预测的,有些题
目最近有考过,我根据出题概率最大的整理成的机
经,更完整版本的请联系本人,近期北美如果考旧题
的话,中标概率还是挺高的。希望各位考生可以做参
考,希望各位一次性顺利通过托福考试。

考试类型:口语
1. 有个 group 要保护环境,你能提供哪些建议?
2. 送礼物是送实用性的礼物还是 for fun 的?
3. music building change reading:music building 改造完成,有地方拿来做 locker,
来保存学生的乐器。还有建专门的联系房。
男学生支持:原因 1 更加方便,不用 carry instrument back and forth。淋雨或什么的会损坏乐器. 2 现在只能在 dorm 练习,
现在有练习房,不会影响别人休息了
4. hidesight bias 是指有些人明明没有预测到结果,但
是往往结果出来之后自己却说以前就预测到了.
教授: 我朋友写了一本书,noval,她一直很担心没有出版
社要去出版. anyway,她还是去尝试了.幸运的是有出版商帮她

出版了.我与她聊起此事时,她说:我早就知道会有出版商愿意
出版的。因为我的书很好
5. 女孩遇到的问题:回家看了父母,却把作业忘在家
里。第二天要交. 两条解决方案,1 回家取,路程来回 2 个
小时,来得及 .2 重新画,
:但是非常喜欢本来的那幅
6. seabird 的 challenge+adaptation:1 sunlight too bright。

是 seabird have small eyes ,阳光不易射进去,所以也能看;2 salty water: seabird 体内有一个器官可以 absorb+remove salt,
这样就能喝道 fresh water.

综合作文:细菌清理海上漏出的油. 文章:不支持:一:细
菌会更多 二:营养
三:transport 公司会降低对漏油的紧张.放松警惕听力: professor 的内容如下:
1 bacteria 是依赖原油生存的 油没了 细菌自然没法生存 所
以细菌不会 dominate 这个 marine ecosystem
2 关于富营养化 professor 首先肯定是 氮还有。。另外一种

物质 是会破坏 balance 但是 要平衡利弊 看看 traditional 的方式
效果慢 而且 exotic oil 也会杀死很多水中的生物 所以说 利大于

弊 再就说 marine ecosystem 有自己 reestablish(原文是这个词)
的能力
3 大公司不会 pay less attention to oil spill prevention, cause they will pay the penalty for pollution. 而且 如果有 oil spill 发生还
会破坏渔业 旅游业等等 都是经济损失
独立作文:现在的广告越来越不 honest 有的人说买产品的时
候可以忽略广告 问你怎么看这个观点

1. 给三个方案, 问你选择哪个, 为啥。1. 一个 recycle program, 2.教小孩子种菜, 3.教小孩子怎么吃饭更健康。
3. 閱讀材料是學校通知下學期將開設 interview skill workshop,會請外面的職業人士來學校模擬 interview,幫學生
更好的準備以後找工作。對話里兩個人都很喜歡這個 program,
因為 1,附近的其他學校都沒有開設這個 program,所以他們會
變得 competitive;2,除了能教你 skill,meeting and chatting with 這些不同行業的人能夠 build up connections。
4. fast following,大概意思就是说,一个全新的产品,第一
家公司做广告之后,第二家公司过段时间 follow,效益比第一
家的好这种现象。让你解释这个定义。第四个也不记得了。
5. 一个男生跟一个女生谈话,说自己在家忘了学校这茬,
匆匆忙忙来了学校发现东西忘在家了。提到 concert 了,还有

paper

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...新浪微博:涵张 weibo.com/rickyhanzhang 序言 序言(一) ——陈起永 “打入” 在我看来, 张涵是中国托福考生的宝贝, 因为他是稀有的甚至是迄今仅有的真正 美国 ETS 托福出题组内部的中国大陆人。凭借他出色的口语和美式思维方式,张涵成为参 与托福出题的中国人,这即使在美国所有的常春藤盟校(包括张涵的母校宾夕法尼亚大学) 及其他美国大学的中国留学生中也是前无古人的创举。 张涵对于中国托福考生的价值就在于,他了解出题者的思路,因为他就是口语考题的 出题者;他了解答题的思路,因为很多答案的得分点是他参与制定的;更为重要的是,他的 思路与其他出题者的思路是一致的。因此,张涵对参加托福考试考生的指导,是绝对权威的。 为了让更多的中国托福考生能够取得好成绩,我一直建议张涵出一本书来惠及更多的 中国学生。由于与 ETS 有保密约定,因此张涵不能透露任何他所出过的题目,但这本书, 却是张涵想到的两全其美方案的结晶:一方面,在这本书中张涵没有透露任何的自己有参 与出题的题目;另一方面,张涵用出题者的逻辑和思路为中国学生提供了新的视角。 在我看来,这本书对学生的价值,就好比哈佛商学院提倡的案例教学法对于其学生的 价值。我的一位哈佛商学院的教授说过,他并不能代替企业家或者职业经理人去更好地经 营企业,他可以告诉我们的只是其他企业是如何成功和失败的案例。 因此,我一直习惯性地把张涵的这本书对托福考生的指导意义与哈佛商学院之案例教 学法对企业家和职业经理人的指导意义进行类比 . 但仔细思考之后,我又坚信张涵的这本书 对托福考生的指导意义要远远大于哈佛商学院之案例教学法对企业家和职业经理人的指导 意义,因为要做好一个企业,仅仅跑到哈佛商学院去学习是远远不够的,而要参加托福口 语考试,就像这本书的名字一样,“看这本就够了”。 III 托福口语看这本就够了 序言(二) ——程来川(猴哥) 一周托福口语提高 6 分的奇迹 猴哥有一个学生,托福 95 分,其中阅读 27、听力 25、写作 25,但是口语 18 分。这个 时候,离申请前最后一次托福考试的时间只有一周 . 很明显,口语拖了他的后腿,托福如果 不到 100 分,大量的学校将不能申请 . 这个时候我能想到名字只有一个,“张涵”!也许 , 只有他能创造奇迹 . 4 个小时的 1 对 1 课程,让学生的托福口语成绩 , 发生了无法想像的变化 . 第一个小时,发现问题,帮助学生建立自信。只需简单的几句,张涵就发现了学生的 问题并不是口语的发音,也不是单词,或者句式,而是没有说到正确的点子上,并且由于 长期口语考试分数低,学生对托福口语考试失去了自信。张涵通过第一个小时的课程,告 诉学生, 虽然只剩下一周时间, 但是由于问题已经找到, 而如何答题是可以短时间训练的 (并 不像口语能力 , 需要较长时间的训练),所以一定要有信心。学生按照张涵在课上所提供的 方法试着组织自己的思维和语言,结果很快找到了窍门 . 学生的自信找回来了 ! 第二、三个小时 , 张涵针对他的问题,为其制定了每个题型的答题方案和训练方法。 第四个小时 , 张涵带着学生进行了大量的训练和纠错,并且为其安排了课程结束之后 几天的训练计划 . 与此同时 , 正确的考试心态也是他讲解的重点 . 学生自信满满的结束了四 个小时的课程。 一周后的托福考试,这个学生考了 107 分,其中口语是 24 分,一周提高了 6 分。这是 ...

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...California Pizza Kitchen Take Home Case Assignment Students will be required to work in a group of five (maximum) and submit the case analyses. Students will be required to hand in a write-up for the case. The write-up will be a maximum of ten pages (typed, double spaced) including exhibits and references. Please use 1-inch margins (top, bottom, left, and right) and Times New Roman font size 12. Paragraphs should be single spaced. Your name and the name of the assignment should appear on the first page of the assignment, and page numbers should appear in the lower right-hand corner. The write-up is expected to summarize the student’s analysis of the case in question by addressing the issues raised by the discussion questions. The write-up is to be submitted at the commencement of the class at which the particular case is due. Questions * What is going on at CPK? What decisions does Susan Collyns face? What do you recommend? * How does debt add value to CPK? * Hint: Calculate ROE, cost of capital, stock price, and number of shares outstanding for each scenario. (Show your calculations) * Explain your results. * What are the break-even levels of EBIT for each plan as compared to that for an all-equity plan? Is one higher than the other? Why? * What happens to ROE & EPS if EBIT drops to 50% in each case? What if EBIT increases to 100%? Explain your answers. Grading Criteria: (85%) Content – what you say (10%) Professionalism – how...

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