Unethicial Behaviors

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jreyna60
Words 623
Pages 3
Unethical Research
Research is a powerful tool because what it reveals. The gathering and storing research in most cases may not have dire consequences in our personal lives other than making a bad decision and who among us haven’t made one of those before, but in the business word gathering data or research information may have dire consequences like peoples livelihood. As in the article from Cheryl Lozano-Whitten, regarding Eron and perceptions of personality in a case of unethical decision-making, the article visits the unethical view on business research and decision making.
Lozano-Whitten, research question is why some people are more apt to engage in unethical behavior as their power increases (Lozano-Whitten, 2010). The article goes on to reveal how she gathered the research and how she is going to apply it. Lozano-Whitten goes on to say the organizational culture in itself influences unethical behavior because of the definition of authority relationships and responsibility for the consequences of actions (Lozano-Whitten, 2010). Within that statement she states that individuals in lower positions are expected to carry out the orders from those who have legitimate authority even if the orders conflict with that person’s value of ethics. Lazano-Whitten hypotheses of the article is that one’s personality attributes have an effect on the decision making process depending on the event is positive or negative. She goes on the validate this idea by gathering newspaper and magazine articles focusing on quotes from Kenneth Lay and Eron going back to December 1991. With the information Lazano-Whitten gathered she notices how Kenneth Lay positive and negative personality traits affect his decision making depending on his reactions of the scandal.
With the information Lazano-Whitten gathered she goes over the responses and allegations towards Kenneth Lay. This leads…...

Similar Documents

Behavior

...Introduction: A successful change in behavior requires a careful planning and eagerness to challenge the unexpected obstacles. I would like to practice a healthy lifestyle by exercising regularly for an hour 5 days a week. A baseline for current behavior is a mean of 0.37 hours per weak. I hypothesize 0.71 hours more exercise each week would help me feel better and may help me loose some weight. Behavior Assessment My target behavior is to exercise 5 days a week (Monday through Friday) for an hour. To achieve this goal, I established a baseline for my exercise behavior. I recorded the dates and times I exercised per day for the last seven days. I started recording data from June 11th, 2011 at 00:00 and stopped recording on June 17th, 2011 at 23:59. This seven day period was before the intervention week. Based on this information, I set a goal for the intervention week one. Intervention week one started Sunday June 18, 2011 based on a 24 hour period from 00:00 to 23:59. My goal for the intervention week one is to exercise more. I recorded the entry time at the first possible moment before I started exercise, and I recorded the exit time as soon as I stopped. I chose to graph the data using a bar graph. Time is on the horizontal axis labeled by the day of the week. The quantity of exercise (in hours per day) was labeled on the vertical axis. Figure 1 shows the recorded values from Saturday June 11, 2011 to Friday June 24, 2011. For the week before intervention, the...

Words: 353 - Pages: 2

Behavior

... different areas. Being able to communicate with your peers and develop strategies to assist with treating students with proper tools and training. Job 2 Job Title: Addictions Counselor Job Description: Substance abuse counselors, help people who have problems related to alcohol and other drugs. They counsel addicts as well as those who are afraid they might become addicts. They also help former addicts. Sometimes they counsel the families, friends, and loved ones of addicts, whose lives are inevitably affected by the problem. Addiction counselors, as they are sometimes called, usually help with practical problems. For example, a counselor might help a former addict find a job. Counselors do not prescribe medicine or provide medical or psychological therapy. Substance abuse counselors are often supervised by doctors, psychologists, or social workers. Information from CareerBuilder.com on both Skills needed for the job, taken from both the job description and your own analysis of the job (Note: Be sure to list at least 5 skills, three of which are specific skills in the human services field): 1. Provide individual and group counseling to drug abuse 2. Counselors work in diverse community settings designed to provide a variety of counseling, rehabilitation, and support services 3. Conduct programs and community outreach aimed at preventing and educating public 4. Counsel individuals to help them to identify behaviors and problems related to their......

Words: 563 - Pages: 3

Behavior

... arousal and behavior? Does this relationship impact performance and affect? Arousal is usually physical psychological activity. Arousal can affect our performance, it can either bring us up or down, and so this involves our actions and behaviors. If we get too stressed this can cause our performance to react negatively. Arousal increases muscle tension and affects coordination. Controlling your needs and environment, and not being stressed helps with your arousal levels, and this helps with your performance. If you get stressed and your behaviors and actions might have a negative effect on your performance, you might make mistakes that you would not normally make, or maybe become anger because of the stress. This could cause problems not only with yourself, but with others around you, and that would not be a good way to live. Emotions are shown in several different ways, and this also affects our performance and behaviors, because we might act very emotional with a high state of arousal, and it is noticed inside and out, everyone handles stress differently, but it is never good to be stressed out in any situation, it has a negative effect on yourself and the people that are around you. 3. Assess the long-term and short-term effects of stress on the body, brain, and behavior. Stress is harmful to the body, and people suffer from it everyday and might not even realize it. Stress is usually caused by some kind of external event that happens in our lives,......

Words: 726 - Pages: 3

Unethicial Behaviors

... magazine articles focusing on quotes from Kenneth Lay and Eron going back to December 1991. With the information Lazano-Whitten gathered she notices how Kenneth Lay positive and negative personality traits affect his decision making depending on his reactions of the scandal. With the information Lazano-Whitten gathered she goes over the responses and allegations towards Kenneth Lay. This leads to the question what unethical research behavior was involved? In this article the research behavior that was unethical is how the information of projected income will be presented. Since Lay was the head of the company he is involved in all the decision making process. Lazano-Whitten’s idea that the low man on the totem poll wants to make the chiefs happy by doing what needs to be done, is also the unethical behavior. Lay also conducted his own research using their enteral resources to make sure his unethical decisions can actually get done. The injured parties affected by this unethical behavior were the employees who invested and trusted their leader. The leader who was responsible for the best of the company was also injured by the unethical behavior. The research Lay conduct such as how the company pays its executive on estimated profits not only got him in trouble ultimately placed the whole company in deep trouble. The unethical behavior of taking advantage of his employees trust injured the employee by losing their life savings. Unethical behaviors such as in Enron affect...

Words: 623 - Pages: 3

Behavior

... trying to teach a child how to overcome their challenging behavior. You can also transition a student from one activity to another can increase the likelihood of appropriate behavior. This will give students the opportunity to finish doing what are doing and putting it away. Increasing choice making is also a very important when you are dealing with children that have behavior problems or some kids just don’t make the right decisions when it comes to certain things that they do in life. Many people with a disability (especially students with limited motor skills, verbal skills or challenging behaviors) are not provided with the opportunity to make choices in their daily lives. Most people with a disability are often told what task they must perform. This makes it difficult to express their choices or them opinion. Providing a student with challenging behavior with the opportunities to make choices is another way of teaching them that they can influence others without having to resort to challenging behavior. When you are providing choices does not mean that you are allowing them to control situations in which they do not pose a danger to themselves or others nor does it mean allowing students to make choices as part of an approach aimed at increasing student’s inclusion, productivity and independence. By giving a student the opportunity to make choices, teaches can help lessen student feelings of powerlessness. Teachers, parents, and students together can create a...

Words: 1990 - Pages: 8

Behavior

...INTERVIEW QUESTIONS – DIRECT CARE STAFF & SUPERVISOR SUPPLEMENT Behavior #1: Grounded (know who you are; confident, detachment; work/life balanced; have a sense of own identity) Targeted Questions: 1. What keeps you busy outside of (school, work, etc)? 2. Tell me about a sports team, activity, group that you belong to: a. Why do, or did, you enjoy this group? b. What needs do they meet for you? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Behavior #2: Tolerant of stress (can handle anxiety) Targeted Questions: 1. Tell me about a time when you had to overcome stress. How did you do this? 2. Tell me about the most stressful situation that you had to deal with. 3. Tell me about a time when stress overwhelmed you – and you failed because of it. How did you deal with it? 4. Have you ever had to help someone else overcome a very stressful situation? Tell me about it. How did you help? 5. Tell me about a time when you had to manage multiple responsibilities. How did you do it? 6. Tell me about a confrontation that you have had that made you feel uncomfortable. How did you deal with it? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Behavior #3: Team player Targeted Questions: 1. Have you been part of a “team” (sport, academic, social...

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

Behavior

...According to the Organizational Behavior third edition book the A- Team was consisted of five people, who didn’t know each other. They consist of Rebecca a 27 year old Marketing Manager, Aran a 52 year old Founder and CEO for a large Italian Fashion Company, Katie a 32year old Financial Analyst for a Wall street firm, Cameron a 23 year old Internet Entrepreneur who has his own small company, and last Pranarisha a 31 year old Manager for a non government organization that provides supports to poverty stricker area of Thailand. The A- team would have been ok if they haven’t had a member like Aran with the big head. Aran thought he could just place the other four because he had the most experience. I think Rebecca was right to let Aran know before it got started. The three was wrong for meeting without Aran and Pranarisha deciding whose going to do what part without them been present or giving the two a call while everyone was present. I think Aran age played a big part in this group because he was an older business man with adult kids and he probably look at the group as kids. I think Pranarisha shouldn’t have walked out without expressing her oppioion to the group before going to tell the professor. Professor Bowell was right for disbanded the group because everyone had the big head. It was so unfair for the group to over look Pranarisha. Discussion Question What happened to the A-Team? The A-Team didn’t last because everyone wanted to be a leader. Aran thought...

Words: 561 - Pages: 3

Behavior

... Violent behaviors among prisoners are for types of reasons from gangs to what race you are or even the choice of sexual partner you like. I am sure a lot of animosity is built up from being locked down with a bunch of people you don’t like or don’t like you. You also have to think about people fighting for turf and what people from all over the neighborhoods who don’t like each other. Prisoners have a lot of issues with each other from just not liking someone from the look they were given to who you associate with. This is the same for   violent behavior between inmates and staff is caused by anatomist built up on both sides. Staff is tired of dealing with attitudes and disrespect. That is also how inmates feel. I am sure they are tired of being told what they can or cannot do. it sometimes get so out of control the hate and anger that a inmate has for someone in staff they had to develop    Strategies for responding to violent behavior between inmates and staff. Some of the strategies are stopping them from having simple rights like visitors and commissary. Along with being on complete lock down or the hole as they call it. There is also a thing like adding time on to their sentence. This is   how violent behavior affects incarceration length. If they act out violently everything is on camera there is really not a lot of ways to get around what you do. If there is no camera it’s always going to be seen by someone. Who wouldn’t necessarily take less time if they......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Behavior

...Target Behavior Identify Target Behavior: The behavior I have chosen to modify is my sleeping behavior. As a college student sleep is something that I don’t get enough of. I chose to modify this behavior because sleep is an important part of life. I want to be tired when I go to bed and awake when I get up in the morning. I wanted to modify this behavior because I think having good sleeping patterns is a good trait to have in life. So much more can be done when we are awake and refreshed after a full nights sleep. Baseline Data: I observed my bedtimes for a week. They vary from night to night. One night I went to bed at midnight and the next night it was 10:45. For the entire week the times varied. The earliest I went to bed was 10:30 and the latest was 12:45. I do get up at the same time every morning because I have class at 8am every day. The fact that I go to bed at different times each night causes my body to respond differently to sleepiness during the day. Usually I would take a nap the day after going to bed late at night. Or I would sleep through my alarm and miss my 8 o’ clock class. Sleeping through class is definitely a bad result of not enough sleep. Taking naps once in a while is OK but I took a nap 4 out of 5 days this week while recording baseline data. I can get other things done during that time if I wasn’t so tired. Stimulus Conditions: The main stimulus condition that is present is my roommate. We usually stay up late at night...

Words: 807 - Pages: 4

Behavior

...3.) The five characteristics of well-developed goals are specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and time-bound known as SMART goals. When a goal is specific, it is easier to understand what will or needs to be accomplished. This allows better performance. A measurable goal allows there to be opportunities for feedback about goal progress. Attainable and realistic goals would be if the goal is able to be achieved and if an organization would be able to reach this goal in a decent about of time. Time-bound would be when a goal is enhance by measurability. It is important to give feedback on goal progress because it would give employees encouragement and motivation if they are doing a good job achieving this goal. It is also important to give feedback if an employee is having a hard time achieving their goal because that way the manager can help get them back on track and give them ideas on what they could do differently. 6.) Reinforcement is a strategy to help create a behavior by either giving positive consequences or withholding negative ones. The schedules of reinforcement in organizations are continuous, intermittent, fixed ratio, variable ratio, fixed interval, and variable interval. A continuous reinforcement is when an employee gets rewarded every time they do something. This could be when the employees finish a certain goal or project, the manager does something nice for them such as having a party. Fixed interval would be when an employee is rewarded on a fixed......

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Behavior

...1. We determine if the behavior is normal or abnormal by looking at these five items, 1. Is the behavior considered strange within the person’s own culture? So,it is okay to not to wear a bathing suite in Europe, but here in the USA it is not okay to walk around with nothing on in public. 2. Does the behavior cause personal distress? An example for this would be if a person experiences an emotional distress without any life experience that warrants it, they might be diagnosed. 3. Is the behavior maladaptive? For example if you wash your hands 100 times in one day that is maladaptive, because the person to afraid to do anything else. 4. Is the person a danger to self or others? For instance if you are feeling self destructive or having thoughts about hurting someone that’s something that needs to be addressed.5. Is the person legally responsible for his or her acts? The term insanity is a legal term that lawyers use when saying their client had abnormal thoughts and did not know right from wrong. 2. Three different psychological perspectives are1. Biological perspective: A psychological disorder is a symptom of an underlying physical disorder caused by structural or biochemical abnormality in the brain, by genetic inheritance, or by infection. The treatments include drugs, electroconvulsive therapy, or psychosurgery. 2. Biopsychosocial perspective, psychological disorders result from a combination of biological, psychological, and social causes. The treatment is employ...

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

Behavior

...Behavior Change Summary My behavior change project was to get more sleep at night. The goal of my behavior change plan was to get at least seven or eight hours of sleep and to determine the amount of sleep that was best for my body. I wanted to feel energized when I woke up in the morning, and to continue that feeling throughout the day. My plan was to have set times that I would need to be in bed by. I began with the amount of sleep I was currently getting each night, which was only about four or five hours. I then increased the amount of sleep I was getting by a half hour, and continued to get that amount of sleep for a week, until I increased the amount by another half hour. I repeated this process each week until I received eight hours of sleep per night. I was not to take any naps during the day if I did not receive the planned amount of sleep that night. The reason for this type of plan was because I knew I would not be able to just increase the amount of sleep to eight hours right off the bat. I needed to gradually get my body used to that kind of sleep each night. I feel that in a sense I did accomplish my goal. Although I am not at exactly eight hours of sleep per night, I have found the number of hours of sleep each night that my body needs to feel rejuvenated. I have found that eight hours of sleep each night is too much for my body. I wake up feeling way too tired. However, when I was at weeks three, four, and five, I woke up feeling awake and energized and it...

Words: 854 - Pages: 4

Behavior

...” mentions The attitudes and behaviors of “Managers also influence their subordinates’ behaviors. A manager with lower ethical standards than their employees might cause those employees to act in ways that violate the employee’s own value systems (Vardi and Weitz 2004). One function of managers is to model behaviors that are expected to be replicated by employees” The team tried to work with our new manager with respect and inclusion however his lack of respect to the workplace as well as the team caused for communication issues. When the manager first came to the branch it would have been best to explain all of his expectations of how he would lead the team and the direction in which he wanted to go. Then gain and build a relationship with us so that we can trust and adapt to all changes necessary to become a well-functioning branch. Over the course of 8 months 4 out of the 6 employees left the branch I will try and recount the negative effects the poor leadership had on the organization and branch. Being the leader is an influential role that should be taken in strides to achieve and build a working communication of listening and listening supporting and implementing a stable environment. PROBLEM Identification and STATEMENT One of the main issues that I will address in this paper is the unethical events and the harassment that occurred from our manager. The manager choose to be negative and critical towards are actions and work...

Words: 2636 - Pages: 11

Behavior

...Daniel Murphy * Identify the current formal and informal power structures in the organization. How might the power and political structure of the organization affect employee behavior? The current formal power structure is a chain of command.  With a chain of command there is a line of authority that stretches from the highest ranking leader all the way to the lowest, this structure defines who answers to whom, and who has the final say in any situation.  This tends to result in a very structured work environment where every employee understands who has authority over them, and who they have authority over.  The informal power structure is more of a team-orientated environment.   This has resulted in close communities that emphasize on teamwork and communication to accomplish tasks.  The downside to this kind of structure is that there can also be conflict amongst employees as they try to work in teams with the chain of command power structure in place. * Identify the most appropriate and effective organizational structures for Riordan Manufacturing that will help them accomplish their planned changes. I believe a good organizational structure for Riordan would be self-directed teams.  Since there is already an informal team-orientated environment this structure would fit in nicely.  First this kind of environment would boost morale and motivation by empowering the employees.  Employees that have great knowledge and experience would be encouraged to take the lead...

Words: 925 - Pages: 4

Behavior

...Organizational Behaviors MGT/312 April 13, 2015 Jo Hogg Organizational behaviors will always play an important role in determining an effective functioning of any organization. We have to have a complete understanding of how the organizational behavior works and to help in the better management of employees/people in any organization. Some of the strategies and policies that many organizations adopt will also depend on the organizational behavior. (Kelly, Joe. Organizational behavior) One of the main components of an organizational behavior is the people. Of course, when managed in the right way the organization will perform extremely well in the market. Each one person has a goal to fulfill and they want to achieve that. There should always be proper communication amongst everyone in the company. Managers should enhance communication of their employees. The management team should focus on making sure that there is an existing trust between all employees. Teamwork plays a big part as well and will help to improve employee efficiency. The organization should always keep track of all competitors in the market, labor forces and also reaction of the people to the changes that are always happening in the global market. Organizations come in two divisions: Informal organization and formal organization. When we look at informal this does not have a structure that they follow however, formal does have that structure that they follow. With having...

Words: 520 - Pages: 3