Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper

David Brown, Charles Hodge
PSY/300: General Psychology
Susan Bonnell
June 2, 2015
University of Phoenix

Abnormal Psychology and Therapy Paper
Abnormal psychology is the study of unusual behavior, thoughts, and emotion by members of a society (American Psychological Association, 2015). To meet the definition of abnormal, the behavior, actions, or thoughts must be atypical of the culture (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). Herein is where the challenge lies, due to the fact that our world encompasses many cultures and definitions of normal are significantly different from one region to the next. The paper will provide examples of abnormal psychology in the form of mental disorders and illnesses. Additionally, treatments for these disorders and illnesses will be discussed.
Normal and Abnormal Psychology
Normal and abnormal psychology can differ by culture. One’s normal behavior is that which allows for a society to maintain a productive and relationship driven life that does not differ drastically from the normalcy of said society (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). When an individual’s behavior is maladaptive to the culture he or she belongs, others will then classify said behavior as abnormal, and then will attempt to change that behavior. Wen-Sing Tseng, M.D. (2013), described a Latino man who hit his body and yelled very loudly, alone while in public, upon hearing of his wife’s death. The treating doctor was unsure if the man’s behavior was normal in his culture, or if it was an abnormal reaction. Offer and Sabshin (1974) claim there are four ways to discern the two, and while culture can help us figure out abnormal behavior, there are ways to find universal traits, both normal and abnormal. The first approach is using an agreement of experts to determine what is universal in maladaptive behavior; talking to non-existent…...

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... addictive behaviours. McHugh, K.R., Hearon, B.A., & Otto, M. W. (2010). Cognitive-behaviour therapy for substance use disorders, 33(3): 511–525. McLeod, S. A. (2007). Skinner - Operant Conditioning. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/operant-conditioning.html National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral therapy: An overview. Retrieved from http://alcoholism.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=alcoholism&cdn=health&tm=1597&f=10&tt=2&bt=4&bts=4&zu=http%3A//archives.drugabuse.gov/TXManuals/CBT/CBT3.html Niaura, R. (2000). Cognitive social learning and related perspectives on drug craving. Addiction, 95, 155–163. Osher, F. (1989). The dually diagnosed: patient characteristics and treatment strategies. Community Support Network News, 10–11, 1. Skinner, B. F. (1938). The Behaviour of Organisms: An Experimental Analysis. New York: Appleton-Century. Skinner, B. F. (1948). Superstition' in the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 168–172. Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behaviour. SimonandSchuster.com. Thorndike, E. L. (1905). The elements of psychology. New York: A. G. Seiler. Tiffany, S. T. (1990). A cognitive model of drug urges and drug-use behaviour: role of automatic and nonautomatic processes. Psychological review. Vol 97(2), 147–168. Wise, R. A., & Bozarth M. A. (1987). A psychomotor stimulant theory of addiction. Psychology Review, Vol 94(4), 469–492....

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... before it is too late. References Herie, Marilyn, Godden, Tim, and Schenfeld, Joanne. Addiction: A Guide for People with Addiction and Their Families: An Information Guide (2nd edition). Toronto, ON, CAN: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2010. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 18 November 2014. Parween, A. (2014, Jun 28). Psychosocial effects of drug addiction. Pakistan Observer Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1541478757?accountid=34899 Robinson, T. E., & Berridge, K. C. (2003). Addiction. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 25-53. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/205819384?accountid=34899 Robbins, T. W., & Everitt, B. J. (1999). Drug addiction: Bad habits add up. Nature, 398(6728), 567-70. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/1920 Adolescent stigma towards drug addiction: Effects of age and drug use behaviour * Edward M. Adlafa, b, c, Hayley A. Hamiltona, c, , , Fei Wud, Samuel Noha, c * April 2009, Pages 360–364. By: Schäfer, Gabriele. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand. Jun2011, Issue 37, p135-151. 17p. Subjects: ALCOHOL; DRUG addiction; FAMILIES; FAMILY relations; NEW Zealand; Ethyl Alcohol Manufacturing National Institute on Drug Abuse. Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction Retrieved from http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction on December 3, 2014...

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