Premium Essay

About Environmental Protection in China

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Taenggu
Words 1150
Pages 5
Nowadays in China, one issue is getting more and more severe as the increasing development of China’s economy, that is, environmental pollutions. Starting with air pollution, along with water pollution and soil pollution, China is currently facing the most serious problems than ever before. Establishing of many industrial factories has made China a top share in manufacturing. However, neglecting of protecting the environment while developing manufacturing has already resulted in lots of problems, such as the PM2.5 problem in many major cities, as well as the extreme lack of clean drinking water. On the other hand, concerns over global environmental issues, such as global warming, depletion of the ozone layer, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, trans-boundary movement of acid rain, and hazardous waste, etc., are mounting worldwide.

About 25 years ago, a law named Environmental Protection Law of the People's Republic of China, which set out basic principles and directions for formulating environmental policies, was enacted on December 26, 1989. This Law was formulated for the purpose of protecting and improving people's environment and the ecological environment, preventing and controlling pollution and other public hazards, safeguarding human health and facilitating the development of socialist modernization. The law has stated that The state shall encourage the development of education in the science of environmental protection, strengthen the study and development of the science and technology of environmental protection, raise the scientific and technological level of environmental protection and popularize scientific knowledge of environmental protection. It also emphasized that all units and individuals shall have the obligation to protect the environment and shall have the right to report on or file charges against units or individuals that cause pollution…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Innovaation About China

...As we don’t know anything about publisher we watched lot of tutorial in you tube about how to make a poster in Publisher. We also watched many videos about how a poster should be designed and presented. After watching all those videos we came to a conclusion to go with Publisher. At the beginning we practised what we saw in videos and did as it is said in video. As time passes we gained confidence and learnt lot of things in Publisher. We learnt about all the tools and practised each and every tool how it works. Later after gaining knowledge about Publisher we started to design our poster. At first we tried to make a good background for the poster and no one was satisfied with the background what came up with the publisher. We then tried to make a background which was designed by the Toshiba. Even then we faced a difficulty in making that as background. We got a background were we had Toshiba logo in the centre and bigger arrows on each side. We wanted to remove those arrows and leave the background all alone with the Toshiba’s logo. We tried to remove in publisher but we couldn’t do it without disturbing the background texture. So we came to a decision to use Photoshop to remove the arrows alone. We found most of the Photoshop tools are similar to the tools present in publisher so that didn’t bring many difficulties in using Photoshop. But we learnt few more tools in Photoshop addition to those what we learnt in Publisher. In Photoshop we learnt about a tool named clone......

Words: 400 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Environmental Protection

...for the Philippine government to adopt and implement strict environmental protection policies in the country. Why? The Philippines is a land of rich natural resources. It has fertile lands, diverse flora and fauna, extensive coastlines, and rich mineral deposits. All of which has helped the nation satisfy present material needs, address pervasive poverty, acquire higher incomes, and achieve economic prosperity. However, as the population grows, these natural resources have been overused or degraded as individuals become more concerned with personal interests and development. The government therefore has introduced policies that aim to manage, protect and conserve the country’s environment and natural resources for the enjoyment of present and future generations. Have these policies been effective? To some extent yes, but its full objectives have yet to be realized. A good example would be the imposition of a logging ban on many areas of the country and only allowed “sustainable logging” in select areas. However, illegal logging and small-scale illegal mining continued in many areas. Another example would be the requirement to secure permits prior to conducting mining activities. About 30% of the land area of the country was determined to be geologically prospective, and yet mining permits covered only 1.5% of country’s land area. These prompted therefore the implementation of stringent environmental protection policies in the country. In 2011, for instance, the......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Coordination of Legal Systems in Environmental Protection

...The Coordination of Legal Systems in Environmental Protection Introduction The objective of this paper is to examine the issues involved while protecting the environment and coordinate with the Australian legal system to devise an action plan for civil law. Factors that control the right usage of environment are a legal requirement in many countries. Australia is not an exception to this mainly because of the availability of abundant natural resources present in the country. This calls for biodiversity legislations and laws to avoid abuse of natural resources. Since, environmental protection plays an important role in many fields there is increased control and authority from different players that often leads to disputes. Policy-makers and lawyers have often overlooked the representation of systems used in legitimate regulatory behavior in the context of environmental protection. Environmental regulations are based on certain models that are perceived and created to aide policy-makers. These models help legal professionals and policy-makers to understand technical aspects and adverse impact on the environment for correctly framing laws and in decision making. Role of Environmental Models in Policies and Regulations Environmental models play an increasing role in decision making. They act as a catalyst for policy making and also for devising regulatory strategies. Models are required to be understood for policy makers and lawyers because of their focus in dispute......

Words: 1410 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Reflection About Article What Panasonic Learned in China

...review is about the article What Panasonic Learned in China written by Wakayama Toshiro, Shintaku Junjiro and Amano Tomofumi. Harvard Business Review. Dec2012, Vol. 90 Issue 12, p109-113. The article focuses on how Panasonic in China learned to bridge two strategies that are often mutually exclusive: localization and integration. The founder of Panasonic was asked by the Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping to help modernizing China’s industries. Panasonic began licensing technologies to China which led to more than 40 China-based manufacturing operations. Panasonic’s first main purpose was to take advantage of low manufacturing costs and exporting the output. In Japan, Panasonic invested a Lifestyle Research Center to understand more how households use their products. However, there was little effort to understand China’s market which had as consequence of minimal efforts to localization. As the middle class of China began to emerge, local competitors such as Haier outpaced the Panasonic company. In response, Panasonic started to develop a deep understanding of consumer lifestyles in China’s market. Through its effort in the Chinese market, Panasonic learned to bridge localization and integration as their strategies.   Reflection “When your manufacturing base becomes your growth market, your strategy has to adjust.” This statement was written by the authors of the article What Panasonic Learned in China. By reading this, one can have different thoughts about what......

Words: 1182 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Environmental Protection Agency

...1) When was the environmental protection agency (EPA) formed? - 1970 What events prompted its formation? - The U.S. was rocked by a series of waste land toxic materials, the earth's automatic, self-cleansing, life support systems became increasingly threatened and consequently people from all walks of life and from every part of the political spectrum were expressing their anxieties on the streets and this happened to b the largest public American demonstration ever seen in America. Hence prompting President Richard Nixon transmitted Reorganization Plan No. 3 to the United States Congress by executive order, creating the EPA as a single, independent agency from a number of smaller arms of different federal agencies. 2) How did deregulation of industry during the Reagan years affect water quality and the overall power of the environmental protection agency? - By appointing people who were flat out opposed to the mission of the agency (EPA), in an attempt to reorient the policy to favor American Businesses, President Reagan, jeopardized all efforts done by the Epa to protect the environment especially as its size and influence was curbed hence leading to poor water quality and a non effective environmental protection agency. a) What does ‘voluntary compliance’ mean? It was a voluntary program which was aimed at effectively dealing with a multi state pollution problem and yet failed repeatedly leaving unfulfilled the clean water act’s promise to radically......

Words: 1030 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Environmental Protection Agency

...Environmental Protection Agency Introduction Thе purpose of this paper is to review closely thе report entitled "EPA Needs to Improve Oversight of Its Information Technology Projects," with а major focus on its recommendations. In this paper, I will analyze different alternatives presented in thе report. I will also shed light on the Clinger-Cohen Act which directs that the Government Information Technology Shop be operated exactly as an efficient and profitable business would be operated. Acquisition, planning and management of technology must be treated as а "capital investment." Because this law is complex, all consumers of hardware and software in thе department should be aware of thе Chief Information Officer (CIO) leadership in implementing this statute. Clinger-Cohen Act Thе Clinger-Cohen Act was enacted as а response to а report released by U.S. Senator William S. Cohen of Maine in 1994 called "Computer Chaos: Billions Wasted Buying Federal Computer Systems." This report outlined thе many ways that the government squanders taxpayer funds on outmoded and unwanted computer equipment. Some of thе long-standing, systematic problems that thе Clinger-Cohen Act was enacted to resolve include: • Insufficient attention to thе way business processes are conducted and to opportunities to improve these processes before investing in thе Information Technology that supports them; • Investments in new systems for which agencies had not adequately planned and which......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Political Information About China

...China's one child policy : The one-child policy  is the population control policy of the People's Republic of China . It restricts urban couples to only one child, while allowing additional children in several cases, including twins, rural couples, ethnic minorities, and couples who are both only children themselves. In 2007, according to a spokesman of the Committee on the One-Child Policy, approximately 35.9% of China's population was subject to a one-child restriction. The Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau are exempt from the policy. Also exempt from this law are foreigners living in China. This policy was introduced in 1978 and initially applied from 1979. It was created by the Chinese government to alleviate social, economic, and environmental problems in China, and authorities claim that the policy has prevented more than 250 million births between 1980 and 2000, and 400 million births from about 1979 to 2011; this claim is disputed by two independent scholars, who put the number of prevented births from 1979 to 2009 at 100 million. The policy is controversial both within and outside China because of the manner in which the policy has been implemented, and because of concerns about negative social consequences. The policy has been implicated in an increase in forced abortions, female infanticide, and underreporting of female births, and has been suggested as a possible cause behind China's sex imbalance. Nonetheless, a 2008 survey undertaken by......

Words: 253 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nafta and Environmental Protection

...| NAFTA and Environmental Protection: Falling Short of the Mark | | | 4/11/2011 | A Look at Some of the Lasting Consequences of Investor Protection Measures | | After the negotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1992, there has been an increase in the use of Chapter 11 to defend foreign investor rights. The poignant question remains whether these rights do and should take precedence over environmental considerations. This Paper looks at the treatment of investor protection measures and environmental protections contained within NAFTA with a view to their application within international arbitration cases. | NAFTA and Environmental Protection: Falling Short of the Mark A Look at some of the lasting consequences of investor protection Measures Contents Introduction 2 NAFTA Investor Protection Measures 3 Article 1102: National Treatment 3 Article 1103: Most-Favored-Nation Treatment 6 Article 1104 & 1105: Domestic & International Minimum Standards 7 Article 1110: Expropriation and Compensation 8 The Basis for Legal Challenges 11 NAFTA Environmental Protections 13 Article 104: Environmental and Conservative Agreements 14 Article 1114: Environmental Measures 16 Language across all Environmental Provisions 17 Enforcement of Environmental Protections 18 Cases of NAFTA Chapter 11 Arbitration 19 Ethyl Corporation v. Canada 20 S.D. Myers v. Canada 21 Concluding Remarks 22 Bibliography 26 Introduction In Canada, we are proud of......

Words: 7424 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

About China

...1.Beijing Beijing is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is unarguably the heart of the nation's politics, culture and international intercourse. It is a fast changing and modern city full of vigor. Beijing is one of the six ancient capital cities in Chinese, Beijing Capital Museum, Yashow Market etc. top 2. Xian Xian, also named Changan, is the biggest city in north-west China. It once served as the nation's capital for thirteen dynasties such as Western Zhou (11th century BC - 771 BC), Qin (221 BC - 206 BC), Western Han (206 BC - 24 AD) and Tang (618 - Pagoda, Forest of Stone Steles Museum etc. top 3. Shanghai Being the largest metropolitan area in China, Shanghai is situated in central-eastern China, facing the East China Sea. Shanghai is divided into two sections: Pudong and Puxi. Pudong is the new development zone on the east of Huangpu River while Puxi is the old area lying on the west of Huangpu River. Shanghai possesses two airports - Shanghai Pudong International Airport ( PVG ) top 4. Guilin Lying by the banks of the Li River, Guilin has become famous both at home and abroad for its intriguing natural views: green hills, featuring rockeries, clean water, unique caves,stones of many shapes. The many ethnic minorities inhabit here . ThemainminoritiesaretheZhuang, Yao, Hui, Miao, Mulao, Maonan and Dong. They add a lot of colour to the cultural life of the city.. top 5. Yangtze River Yangtze River cruises is a must for those who look...

Words: 661 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Is It Possible to Reconcile Continued Levels of International Trade and Environmental Protection?

...The concern of the relationship between international trade and the environment can date back to the United Nations (UN) Conference on the Human Environment in early 1970s (UN,1972). As the international trading activities increase in both frequency and magnitude, the relationship between world trade and environmental conservation becomes closer and closer. The extent of globalisation is now spreading across every parts of the world. At present, human is facing an important yet complicated problem climate change. In order to address this problem and promote sustainable development, the globalisation becomes a key focus. As one of the drivers of globalisation, international trade receives more public awareness than before. Nowadays, whether or not the trade-driven globalisation conflicts with preservation of the environment and natural resources environmental is a controversial topic (Heywood, 2014). However, in this essay I will argue that promoting globalisation through international trade creates both conflicts and opportunities to conservation of the environment and natural resources. From an economic point of view, both world trade and environmental protection are important because they are the essential for promoting sustainable development, due to this reason it is possible to reconcile their continued levels. Hence, addressing the conflicting aspects and maximising the opportunities between them are necessary. After discussing the relationships, I will also give the......

Words: 1983 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Environmental Protection

...Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or governmental levels, for the benefit of both the natural environment and humans. Due to the pressures of population and technology, the biophysical environment is being degraded, sometimes permanently. This has been recognized, and governments have begun placing restraints on activities that causeenvironmental degradation. Since the 1960s, activity of environmental movements has created awareness of the various environmental issues. There is no agreement on the extent of the environmental impact of human activity, and protection measures are occasionally criticized. Academic institutions now offer courses, such as environmental studies, environmental management and environmental engineering, that teach the history and methods of environment protection. Protection of the environment is needed due to various human activities. Waste production, air pollution, and loss of biodiversity (resulting from the introduction of invasive species and species extinction) are some of the issues related to environmental protection. Environmental protection is influenced by three interwoven factors: environmental legislation, ethics and education. Each of these factors plays its part in influencing national-level environmental decisions and personal-level environmental values and behaviors. For environmental protection to become a reality, it is important for societies to develop each...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Gcs Assignment About China Business Opportunities

...Question: How attractive is China a business opportunity? As a member of China Policy Group, what would you recommend regarding continued sourcing from China? If you recommend continued sourcing from China, would you attach any special requirements/ propose a development road map for the work force? 1. Analysis a. Strengths i. Brand Equity & long lasting products – Customer Perception ii. Levis Global Footprints b. Weaknesses iii. Labour abuse and sweatshop culture iv. Language barrier v. Objectionable work environment vi. Oppressive regime vii. Human Rights issue c. Opportunities viii. Reduce Cost of products to capture youth market ix. Focus on product design and marketing only x. Can better respond to changing fashion trends xi. Availability of cheap raw material in abundance at doorstep xii. Least transportation cost, Cheap skilled/ unskilled labor xiii. Good communication infrastructure xiv. China a big consumer market xv. d. Threats xvi. A forced strategy to lower cost for better competition xvii. Increased lead time for worldwide customers xviii. Criticism over downsizing or job loses is expected. xix. Poor Labor Laws implementation may harm the Brand Name 2. Recommendations Keeping in mind the above mentioned points it’s highly recommended...

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Understand How Individuals and Organizations Make Decisions About the Protection and Usage of Individua

...understand how individuals and organizations make decisions about the protection and usage of individuals' data, and what are the consequences of those decisions. In this document, we report on the economic implications of the protection and revelation of personal data. In particular, we present the evolution of the economic theory of privacy (Section 2), we examine current privacy-related trade-o s for data subjects and data holders (Section 3), and we highlight the current economic debate on privacy protection (Section 4). 1.1 The Boundaries of the Economics of Privacy Before commencing our analysis, we alert the reader of the boundaries inherent to an eco- nomic approach to the privacy debate. First of all, in the rest of the document our focus will be, primarily, on information privacy - that is, on the issues associated with the collection and usage of individuals' personal information (Westin, 1970). We take this approach be- cause, while privacy is a multi-faceted concept, most of the relevant contemporary economic research focuses on consumers' data . Our focus on informational privacy and consumer data, however, should not be construed as a denial of the existence of other dimensions to the pri- vacy debate, which may be more dicult to capture in economic terms (Solove (2006), for instance, distinguishes between privacy issues associated with the collection, processing, or dissemination of personal data, and privacy issues associated with...

Words: 3315 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

History About China

...literally endless amounts of information that one could write about for a world history coarse or textbook. Where one starts amidst the vast sea of our worlds history is a large part of where the coarse or text will go. For a coarse such as this one, based on modern world history with the emphasis on war and environmental and technical change we cannot start too far back on a timeline because otherwise we will never reach the modern history. As a starting point the middle ages works well because it gives us a slight background of the ancient worlds but is a very transitional time. Spending a short amount of time in the Middle Ages focusing mainly on the crusades and the kings of England and their reigns to get the reader or student interested. After discussing the middle ages, we would move on the exploration and colonization of the rest of the world. This is a major point and a larger amount of time should be placed here because first off there is much to cover with the Columbus discovery of north America followed by the sea route to India. Also because these are extremely important times because they are basically the start of the western world we know today. Around the same time period we have the war of the Roses followed by the Elizabethan age in Britain. Also, since it is world history and not simply western world history, there should be some emphasis on the Ming Dynasty, which is going on at the same time in China. Continuing on in a chronological......

Words: 566 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

About Nokia in China

...BUSINESS ORGANIZATION MANAGEMENT NOKIA NAME: SHALINI DEVI A/P MANOHARAN ID NUM: DCA 07-04101148 LEC NAME: MR SELVAMATHAN SUBMISSION DATE: 28 MAY 2012 TABLE OF CONTENT INTODUCTION Nokia is a multinational corporation engaged in the manufacturing of mobile phones devices, in converging internet and communication industries, having about 132,000 employees working worldwide. The organization is the World’s largest mobile manufacturing company and is operational is 150 different countries having an approximate global annual sales revenue of ¼ 42 billion and operating profit of ¼ 2 billion in the preceding year 2010. The organization has a market share of about 28.9% as of the preceding year 2010 and is still the market leader in the world of mobile phones. Nokia Corporation has a history of 146 years and it wasn't the way it is today, it took Nokia decades to reach at this point. The first Nokia century began with Fredrik Ides tam’s paper mill on the banks of the Nokian virtual River. Between 1865 and 1967, the company would become a major industrial force, but it took a merger with a cable company and a rubber firm to set the new Nokia Corporation on the path to electronics. From 1968-91, the newly formed Nokia Corporation was ideally positioned for a pioneering role in the early evolution of mobile communications. As European telecommunications markets were deregulated and mobile networks became global, Nokia led the way with some iconic products. In 1992, Nokia......

Words: 19174 - Pages: 77