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Communication Effect

In: Business and Management

Submitted By joma21
Words 792
Pages 4
Communication Effectively Worksheet
Jomarys Rivera Nieves
Comm/310 Public Speaking
8 de diciembre de 2011
Dra. Barbara I. Abadía-Rexach

Communication Effectively Worksheet
1. Briefly explain the seven elements of the speech communication process. How do these elements determine a speech’s success or failure?
El primero de los siete elementos de un discurso es el orador. El orador es la persona que presenta un mensaje oral o ciertos oyentes. El segundo es el mensaje, es todo lo que comunica el orador a la audiencia. En tercero es el cana, es el medio por el cual el mensaje se comunica. El cuarto es la audiencia, es la persona que recibe el mensaje. En quinto es los comentarios o respuesta que hace la audiencia al orador, no siempre son verbales. En sexto es la interferencia, es cualquier cosa que impida la comunicación de un mensaje, puede ser externo o interno a la audiencia. Y por último y séptimo es la situación, es el momento y el lugar en el que el discurso está ocurriendo. Primero que nada el orador debe retener la atención de la audiencia, esto se logra organizando la manera en la forma, a quienes y por qué se llevaría este discurso. Si el discurso es para adultos no se le llevaría un discurso de caricaturas ya que no es lo que un adulto quisiera escuchar. De esta manera se afectaría o fallaría el discurso hacia la audiencia.

2. What is the difference between hearing and listening? What are some techniques you could employ to improve your listening skills?
La diferencia entre oír o escuchar es muy importante, una persona que te está oyendo, es q está escuchando lo que dices pero no está prestando atención correcta, Cuando una persona de está escuchando es cuando te está prestando toda su atención. Ser buen oyente no se nace, se hace. Para ser buen oyente se sebe tomar seriedad cuando está escuchando, enfocarse en lo que se está escuchando, se un oyente activo, evitar las distracciones, También importa la relación entre el oyente y el orador, ya que si el tema que está hablando el orador no es de agrado al oyente, obviamente, el oyente se va aburrir y no va a prestar atención.

3. Compare the four methods of delivering oral presentations. What are the benefits and drawbacks of each?
Hay cuatro tipos principales de la entrega de discurso, cada uno que tiene sus propias ventajas e inconvenientes. 1 Manuscrito, el método de manuscrito de entregar un discurso implica escribir un manuscrito usado para la referencia durante el discurso y para documentos oficiales. El uso de contacto visual y expresiones de la cara ayuda a traer la personalidad a este tipo de la entrega de discurso. 2 Memorización, el método de memorización implica memorizar una palabra de discurso. Como en el método de manuscrito, la memorización de temas de conversación claves da al altavoz (orador) un enfoque más personal. Añada la personalidad con inflexión de voz, contacto visual y expresiones de la cara. 3 Improviso, el método improvisado implica discursos con poco o ningún tiempo para escritura de discurso y preparación. En situaciones como esto, los altavoces (oradores) deberían hacer todo en su poder de tomar unos minutos para prepararse. La organización de un discurso y dividirlo abajo en partes son una manera rápida de preparar mentalmente un discurso. La preparación debería ser comenzada a principios de una introducción, o tan pronto como un orador realiza (comprende) que pueden pedirlos hablar. El formato organizativo típico incluye un punto principal, prueba, prueba adicional de ser posible, y una conclusión. 4 Improvisado El método improvisado tiene más preparación que el método improviso. Esto implica escribir, volviendo a escribir y corrigiendo. Además, la entrega es practicada, recitada, y los puntos principales son memorizados. Típicamente, un orador usa un contorno para los puntos principales y la expresión exacta no es concreta hasta que den la entrega.

4. What are some ways to use your voice and body effectively when giving an oral presentation? In which areas do you need to improve?
Cuando se da un discurso es bien importante ciertos puntos, hay que tener buena apariencia personal. Verse profesional, aseado, maquillaje discreto, entre otros. Tener movimientos adecuados cuando se esta hablando, ya que se esta dando un discurso no se puede llevar a los extremos, hay que atraer la atención no distraer. Gestos son una parte importante, porque se puede mal interpretar lo que se esta diciendo con un gesto equivocado. Buen contacto visual, es muy importante para indicar que se esta seguro y confiado de lo que se esta diciendo, además que mantienes el contacto con la audiencia. Mantener un buen tono de voz, si es muy bajito o alto puede indicar desconfianza o inseguridad.

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