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Culture and the World


Submitted By etcrash69
Words 852
Pages 4
Phase 1Individual Project
Elaine Thornton
Colorado Technical University
HUMN250-1303B-11 World Values and Cultures
Professor Bunch
August 26, 2013

Culture is one of the most important and basic concepts of sociology. In sociology culture has a specific meaning. The anthropologists believe that the behaviour which is meant is called culture. In other words the behaviour which is transmitted to us by someone is called culture.
The ways of living, eating, wearing, singing, dancing and talking are all parts of a culture. In common parlance, the word culture, is understood to mean beautiful, refined or interesting.
In sociology we use the word culture to denote acquired behaviour which are shared by and transmitted among the members of the society. In other words, culture is a system of learned behaviour shared by and transmitted among the members of a group.
Human behavior is affected both by genetic inheritance and by experience. The ways in which people develop are shaped by social experience and circumstances within the context of their inherited genetic potential. The scientific question is just how experience and hereditary potential interact in producing human behavior.
Each person is born into a social and cultural setting—family, community, social class, language, religion—and eventually develops many social connections. The characteristics of a child's social setting affect how he or she learns to think and behave, by means of instruction, rewards and punishment, and example. This setting includes home, school, neighborhood, and also, perhaps, local religious and law enforcement agencies. Then there are also the child's mostly informal interactions with friends, other peers, relatives, and the entertainment and news media. How individuals will respond to all these influences, or even which influence will be the most potent, tends not to be predictable. There is, however, some substantial similarity in how individuals respond to the same pattern of influences—that is, to being raised in the same culture. Furthermore, culturally induced behavior patterns, such as speech patterns, body language, and forms of humor, become so deeply imbedded in the human mind that they often operate without the individuals themselves being fully aware of them.
For example of different cultures other than our own I wanted to examine the running of the bulls in Spain. The purpose for the running of the bulls is honor the Patron Saint, San Fermín. The origin of the religious celebration may date as far back as to the middle Ages. Over time, the sanfermines began to add elements to the religious ceremonies such as trade fairs, music, dance, giants, tournaments, acrobats, bull runs and bullfights.
Running of the bulls is a widely known event that takes place in Pamplona, Navarre Spain. It is known in Spain as ‘encierro’ however to the rest of the world it’s known as the craziest ‘sport’ in history. The event is one of three main portions of the San Fermin festival. Including bull fights and religious celebrations the ‘run’ is undeniably the most notable part of the festival in modern times and only really became an international phenomenon after Ernest Hemmingway published his book “the sun also rises” based on events from the San Fermin festival specifically the running of the bulls. The ‘run’ really only started in the 14th century but it was illegal until further legalized in the 16th century.
The process of the run is really quite simple. The objective is to get the bulls from point A to point B. Point A being the coral in Santo Domingo and point B being the bull ring where the bull fight takes place in the afternoon. The run begins at 8am every morning (from the 7th of July to the 14th) after the praying ritual to San Fermin asking for protection and security during the run. Once the bull gate is opened a firecracker or rocket is fired to prepare the runner, once the bulls have moved towards the runners another rocket is fired to indicate this has happened (a warning). The entire run usually last around 2-3min and is approx. 820m in distance, there are several point where bulls have been known to injure runners more efficiently (Dead man’s corner) as well. A third rocket is fired to indicate the bulls have entered the ring and the runners have accomplished the task, a fourth rocket is fired to announce the bull ring gate has been closed and the bull fight is about to commence. A safety precaution is in place as fences are placed all along the route of the run to keep the bulls inside the run area and keep their path towards the bull ring, it is also there for runners to duck into for safety when they are tired and fatigued.

Mallor, F., García-Olaverri, C., Gómez-Elvira, S., & Mateo-Collazas, P. (2008). Expert Judgment-Based Risk Assessment Using Statistical Scenario Analysis: A Case Study—Running the Bulls in Pamplona (Spain). Risk Analysis: An International Journal, 28(4), 1003-1019. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01098.x
Colón, R. (2005). The Running of the Bulls. Caribbean Business, 33(30), 21.

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