Premium Essay

Educational Issues and Social Change

In: Other Topics

Submitted By KHD2011
Words 2466
Pages 10
|Assignment #2 |
|Educational Issues and Social Change I: Historical Social Perspectives |

Assignment #2

Question #1

Compare the “hidden curriculum” identified by S. Contenta with the underlying norms and values of “Indian education” highlighted in the video the Mission school syndrome and in the readings by Titley, Levaque, Gresko and Wilson. (750-1000 word)

Although education was meant for all children, education for Aboriginal children clearly had a hidden curriculum. It has been mentioned in all of the readings and the movie that the main objective was to civilize them into the White culture which included the teaching of the English Language (reading, writing and speaking), religion, agriculture and other trade skills necessary to live in a “White’s man world”, where “the primary motive was to spread the Gospel of Jesus Christ.”[1] However, the interpretation of the events of those days differs in perspective between the religious groups and the Native people.

As Europeans immigrated to Canada and settled on the lands where Aboriginals hunted and lived, themselves hunting the same animals as the Natives (for sport rather than survival) and restricting the territory forcing Aboriginals onto reserves or residential schools. The Whites did not understand this way of life even thinking that it was barbaric and savage. Consequently the government and religious groups wanted ‘to provide native children with the opportunity to learn about the Catholic faith. Another ultimate goal was to ensure the children’s acquisition of the skills required to make their way in the new society which was beginning to surround and engulf them.” [2]

“The Indians needed more skills than his own...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Sociology Answers

...Cultural capital: the values, etc that the middle class transmit to their children or that confer advantage in the education system. • Compensatory education: additional educational opportunities/resources directed at deprived or under-achieving pupils. • Cultural deprivation: a lack or deficit of values (or of norms, attitudes, skills or knowledge). Partial answer [immediate gratification / a lack of culture] • Vocational education: relating to a career or specific work roles. • Ethnocentric curriculum: the subjects taught in school being biased towards one particular culture. One mark for a partially satisfactory answer. 02 Suggest three ways/reasons ... (6 marks) Two marks for each of three appropriate ways. One mark will be awarded where there is a partially appropriate answers. Marxists see school as being similar to the world of work: • A hierarchy of authority • Fragmentation of work/learning • Extrinsic rewards • Based on competition • Alienation • Status differences. Boys’ educational under-achievement: • Lack of male teacher role models • Feminisation of assessment • Boys’ poorer literacy • Laddish subcultures • Decline of traditional ‘male’ jobs. Educational policies that may have contributed to social class differences in achievement: • The tripartite system/ the eleven-plus exam/Butler Act/1944 Act • Streaming • Marketisation • Private schooling ......

Words: 3122 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Social Institutions

...Social Institutions Arbre Flores SOC/100 Mar 18, 2016 Dr Lamb Social Institutions Social institutions effect all human beings across the globe. These institutions prepare, instill, and teach us some of the norms, morals, and skills needed for the world today. Social institutions are just that; they are standardized patterns or norms of society organized around the preservation of a basic societal value. Some institutions include family, education, and religion. These institutions are keen to development from child to adult, and they also assist in maintaining society. All social institutions are important, but I consider education to be one that stands out. Education advances us though knowledge, it helps prevent inequities, breaks down boundaries of ignorance and fear, and helps us avoid repeated historical mistakes. With education being such a vital institution it’s important that all humans receive an equal opportunity to learn. As seen in the Unbreakable video feminist theory still exist today. In many countries overseas women are still unable to obtain any benefits from educational institutions based on societies standards in that area. Malala addresses these issues head on, as a 15yr old girl she seeks the need for change and equal opportunity. During her quest to achieve educational benefits one of her biggest obstacles is how women are view in her country. Women in her country are labeled and not viewed as equal. There is no need to......

Words: 858 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Factors Respondible for the Failure Ofeducation Sector in Pakistan

...of my project. I gratefully acknowledge the help of my supervisor, Ms Zehra Raza, who has offered me valuable suggestions in the academic studies. In the whole of final project, she has spent much time to help me and provided me with inspiring advice. Without her enduring advice, insightful criticisms and expert supervision, the completion of this project would not have been possible. In the end, my gratitude also extends to my family and friends who have been assisting, supporting and caring for me all of my life. ABSTRACT The research reported in this thesis was on “Factors responsible for the failure of Education Sector in Pakistan”. The purpose of research was to study the impact of education sector on the society and the main issues which were prevailing in the country now-a-days. The secondary data was collected by consultation of literature in the libraries and Internet. The primary data was gathered by floating questionnaires and conducting interviews from government and private school teachers. SPSS software was applied to analyze data for frequencies regression parameters, pie charts and cross tabulation the results were interpreted by usual principles of statistics. The findings suggested that the improper polices which are currently present...

Words: 11692 - Pages: 47

Premium Essay

Classroom Management Trends

...Conference 22-25 August 2000 International Convention Centre Durban, South Africa Conference Bibliography Bibliographie de la Conférence I. Selected Bibliographie Bibliographie sélective II. Higher Education Publishing Organisations Organismes publiant sur l’enseignement supérieur IAU/UNESCO Information Centre on Higher Education Bibliographic Database on Higher Education HEDBIB HEDBIB 1 IAU Ge Bibliographic Database on Higher Education HEDBIB The International Bibliographic Database on Higher Education (HEDBIB) is an integrated database including over 25.000 references, from 1988 onward, on higher education systems, administration, planning and policy,costs and finances, evaluation of higher education, issues related to staff and students, cooperation, mobility and equivalences of degrees, curricula, teaching methods and learning processes. It is available in the UNESCO CD-ROM “UNESCO DATABASES” (current ed: 1999). List of Participants in the HEDBIB database International Association of Universities (IAU) IAU/UNESCO Information Centre on Higher Education Coordinating Agency and Bibliographical Reference Service Elzbieta Karwat - Head Librarian Unesco House, 1, rue Miollis, 75732 Paris cedex 15, France ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education (ERIC) 1100 West Street, Second Floor, Laurel, Maryland 20707-3598, USA UNESCO Headquarters in Paris 7,......

Words: 15217 - Pages: 61

Free Essay

Populattion Education

...Introduction Population education which emerged as an educational innovation in response to population problems only about four decades ago, is now being experimented in over a hundred countries of the world in non-too-uniform a manner. It has been introduced in the education systems of different countries as an important component of the multi-pronged strategy employed to help nations attain the goals of population stabilisation and sustainable development. Very few educational programmes have matched its pace of expansion and adopted such varied conceptual frameworks and strategies of curriculum transaction. Perhaps no other educational concept has experienced such frequent changes in its framework and been subjected to so many misunderstandings as the concept of population education. This has been so because of not only the nature of the context in which it emerged but also its newness and its complex characteristics. The Context The concept of population education emerged in the context of population and development - the two most pressing issues before humankind today. Both are closely interrelated and both encompass a number of complex factors. Viewed as an epiphenomenon of the process of development, population issues have aroused widespread concern among almost all the members of the comity of nations. There have been undaunted endeavours to accelerate the pace of socioeconomic development through the instrumentalities of science and technology and to secure......

Words: 2659 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Social Network

...SOCIAL NETWORKS AND THEIR IMPACT ON RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT Helen Streck President/CEO Kaizen InfoSource LLC Date: January 25, 2011 Project Underwritten by: ARMA International Educational Foundation Endowment Fund €ARMA International Educational Foundation 1609 Terrie Drive Pittsburg, PA 15241 USA Social Networks and their Impact on Records and Information Management A Research Paper by Helen Streck For ARMA International Educational Foundation Copyright 2011 ARMA International Educational Foundation ARMA INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION SOCIAL NETWORKS AND THEIR IMPACT ON RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS Section 1. Introduction Page 1 Section 2. Overview and Background of Social Networks Page 3 Section 3. Issues Influenced by the Generation Gap Page 5 Section 4. Areas of Impact to Records and Information Management Page 8 Section 5. Legal Considerations Arising with Social Networks Page 13 Section 6. Conclusion Page 15 Epilogue Page 16 About the Author Page 17 ii | P a g e Copyright 2011 ARMA International Educational Foundation ARMA INTERNATIONAL EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATION SOCIAL NETWORKS AND THEIR IMPACT ON RECORDS AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT SECTION 1. INTRODUCTION Social Networks are used by hundreds of millions of people around the world. Social Networks’1 impact on Records and Information Management (RIM) begins with......

Words: 6927 - Pages: 28

Free Essay

Ed Policy

...the efforts to equalize access to educational opportunities for African American children. This period of transition was the result of actions that began nearly half a century earlier. On May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court rendered its decision in the case of Brown v. Board of Education. Reactions to the decision were varied and touched a range of emotions among nearly all citizens of the United States. For some, Brown was heralded as the triumph over legal barriers to better educational opportunities for racial/ethnic and minority students. Yet, for others, it endangered a way of life that in the eyes of some, ensured “separate but equal” under Plessy vs. Ferguson (1898). Whatever the perspective, Brown meant a departure from past rules and values. It meant change. Problem In “Public Education in the Twentieth Century and Beyond: High Hopes, Broken Promises, and an Uncertain Future,” Nieto (2005) outlines key legislation over the past seventy-five years in U.S. education that has aided in leveling the educational outcomes for minority students. After the ruling in Brown vs. Board of Education (1954), policies aimed at providing equal opportunities to racial/ ethnic and minority groups began to emerge. As such, changes in population in terms of race, ethnicity, social class, and other differences helped to form the educational experiences of all students in U.S. public schools along with how we view, design, and implement educational policy. This, according to......

Words: 1032 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Importance of Studying Accounting Theory, even though their variables might be similar. Scholars argue that a conceptual or theoretical framework always underlies a research study, even if the framework is not articulated.5 This may seem incongruous, because many research problems originate from practical educational or clinical activities. Questions often arise such as “I wonder why such an event did not [or did] happen?” For example, why didn't the residents' test-interpretation skills improve after they were given feedback? There are also occasions when a study is undertaken simply to report or describe an event, e.g., pass rates for women versus men on high-stakes examinations such as the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 1. Nevertheless, it is usually possible to construct at least a brief theoretical rationale for the study. The rationale in the USMLE example may be, for instance, about gender equity and bias and why these are important issues. Frameworks are usually more elaborate and detailed when the topics that are being studied have long scholarly histories (e.g., cognition, psychometrics) where active researchers traditionally embed their empirical work in well-established theories. Issues In Educational Research, Vol 14, 2004 [ Contents Vol 14 ] [...

Words: 5364 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Evaluate the Role of Education in Society. Consider Issue of Gender in Your Response. Also, Consider How Such Factors May Impact on a Person’s Life Chances.

...Essay: Evaluate the role of education in society. Consider issue of gender in your response. Also, consider how such factors may impact on a person’s life chances. This essay will examine the role of education in society and an analysis of inequality in relation to Gender. It will discuss briefly education and examine the different theoretical approaches to education followed by an analysis of inequality using information on statistics of inequality in British education in relation to gender and attainment. This essay will Identify and evaluate key policy developments in education provision designed to bridge the gap of gender inequality in British education. The role of education in society has been among the major issues in contemporary sociological and political debate. According to Iannelli and Paterson (2005) education is a major factor that helps determine the jobs and social class positions of individuals in society. As an institution of sociology, education plays a dominant role in transmitting prevalent ideologies of society by providing pupils with the curriculum and hidden curriculum as well as the skills that will prepare them physically, mentally and socially for their life chances (Clark 2005). Educational institutions play a very important role in reducing social inequalities. Over the last century British schools experienced very important changes and moved from a selective system to a comprehensive one in the 1960s and 70s. Much research has shown that......

Words: 3359 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

8 Trends You Need to Know Now

...Cuban Assumptions and Purposes and Politicization Differ from John Dewey approaching Public Education by Jasper Thompson ID A00240846 Specialization: Educational Technology Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for EDUC 8111: Principles of Social Change Walden University April 24, 2011 Comparing Tyack and Cuban With Dewey on Social Change 2 Abstract The essay material will examine the viewpoints of the Assumptions Tyack and Cuban concerning the Public Schools traditional strategies and social change will blend gradually to form the essay that compare the theories of John Dewey involving traditional and progressive approaches of schooling pertaining to their purposes and assumptions about Public Education. Comparing Tyack and Cuban With Dewey on Social Change 3 How Tyack and Cuban Assumptions and Purposes Differ from John Dewey approaching Public Education The title of the essay paper is How Tyack and Cuban Assumptions and Purposes Differ from John Dewey Approaching Public Education. The essay will discuss the assumption and purposes of both theorist John Dewey and Tyack and Cuban about public schooling reform and social change. The organization of the essay will first analyze the central concepts of Tyack and Cuban and the theories of John Dewey. The Assumption and Purposes of Public Education will be......

Words: 1080 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Proceed-Precede Model

...The PRECEDE-PROCEED model is a medical model that moves away from the typical issue of disease treatment and focuses on health promotion. Developed by Lawrence W. Green, this model has been applied in many Western countries in the improvement of health. PRECEDE (Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation) is the part of the model that helps in the development of various public health initiatives and programs. PROCEED (Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development), on the other hand, serves as a guide to the effective implementation of the various programs that are created using PRECEDE. With regards to using the PRECEDE-PROCEED model in designing an educational program aimed at promoting health for families with school-aged children, the nine phases of the model will be used to produce outstanding results. The first phase is the social assessment phase, where the current social habits and practices of families with school-aged children is evaluated. This assessment helps determine what the existing health practices are, the current quality of life, and the health needs of these families. The second phase involves the epidemiological assessment. According to Webster’s Dictionary, epidemiology is “that branch of medicine which studies the incidence and distribution of disease in a population, and uses such information to find the causes, modes of transmission, and methods for......

Words: 776 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sociology a-Level

...for a particular society. For others it can be seen as a source of conflict particularly when issues surrounding gender, class and ethnicity are put under the sociologists, ‘microscope’. It also provides an excellent indicator of how political ideology affects social policy, with the changing of governments impacting on educational policy. Some questions sociologists are interested in about education are: * Why do some pupils achieve more than others? * What is the relationship between education and the economy? * What is the purpose of education? * Do pupil’s school experiences vary? Assessment The course will be assessed by examination only. The examination will consist of various short answer question and essay style questions. Date of Exam: June 2010 Duration: 2 hr The Unit 2 exam is worth 60% of your final AS level grade. There will be 90 marks available on the paper. You will answer one question on the chosen topic, one question on sociological research methods in context and one question on research methods. Assessment Objectives AO1 Knowledge and understanding of the theories, methods, concepts a) The nature of sociological thought AS and A Level candidates are required to study the following concepts and theoretical issues: • social order, social control • social change • conflict and consensus • social structure and social action • the role of values • the relationship between sociology and contemporary...

Words: 1881 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Educational Curriculum

...subfield of psychology or philosophy. Rather, it began in administrative convenience: professional responsibility for curricular matters. They came from every academic background imaginable. This means different kinds of thinking from the scientific to the artistic have emerged in the curriculum field. Curriculum as a field includes curriculum theory, development, implementation (that is, instruction), and evaluation. Traditional, conceptual-empiricist, and reconceptualist are theoretical frameworks that govern specific approaches to curriculum issues. Each of these frameworks can be characterized by the dominant and subordinate assumptions that govern the knowledge and values which underline their respective modes of inquiry. Traditionalists: Educational philosophy (Pernalism and Essentialism) General Philosophy (Idealism and Realism) Educational Psychology (Behaviorism) History The field of curriculum studies began in the early 1920's, and grew out of the necessity and need to define, organize and implement the public school curriculum. The early field of curriculum was dominated by administrative notions, and curriculum was viewed as the organization of time and activities to be managed according to sound business principles. The idea of "scientific management" as articulated by Frederick W. Taylor was applied to schooling. Cubberly articulated this concisely...

Words: 5635 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay


...runs smoothly. If ever the organization gets off track, the ISLLC standards can also be used as tools to get the organization back on track. These standards also keep the community informed and a part of the decision making process. Final Benchmark Assessment: Individual Reflection Essay The purpose of this essay is to show possible solutions to leadership challenges using the ISLLC 2008 standards. The purpose of the standards and how they impact the educational community will also be addressed. The ISLLC 2008 standards were drafted by personnel from 24 state education agencies and various professional associations (ISLLC, 2008). These standards were developed to enhance the skills of school leaders in order to produce enhanced educational outcomes (ISLLC, 2008). Standard 2 The first major challenge facing the leadership at my school is students that cannot read. Many students that reach third grade in my school are reading at a grade level below and some are two grade levels below. This is a major issue because it means that the ball has been dropped and it is also the first year for the students to take standardized tests. This challenge reflects Standard 2. As a leader, I would collect and analyze data for students with reading problems beginning in first grade. Teachers would be required identify struggling students. Documentation should be recorded every six weeks on whether or not progress or growth was made. There should also be special lessons in...

Words: 4100 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Education Achievement and Social Class

...Education and differences in educational achievement- past questions and mark schemes (CLASS, GENDER and ETHNICITY) January 2006 (a) Explain what is meant by cultural capital. (Item 1A, line 8). (2 marks) Two marks for an appropriate explanation or definition, such as the values, knowledge, attitudes, skills, tastes etc. possessed by the upper/middle class, or the values, knowledge etc. that give one class an educational advantage. (c) Identify three features of the restricted speech code (Item 1A, lines 10-11). (6 marks) Two marks for each of three appropriate features identified, such as: • used by the working class; • short/incomplete sentences; • often reduced to gestures; • context-bound/particularistic meanings/speaker assumes audience shares same frame of reference; • not used in education; • a product of repetitive, unskilled work; • a product of positional/rigid family structures. (e) Examine the reasons why females now tend to achieve more than males in the education system. (20 marks) Candidates will consider a range of reasons, such as the impact of feminism, equal opportunities policies, role models, changes in the family and work, changes in the curriculum and assessment, changes in girls aspirations, teacher attention and classroom interaction, selection, league tables etc. Concepts and issues such as meritocracy, patriarchy, pupil subcultures, labelling, de-industrialisation, marketisation, the hidden......

Words: 2989 - Pages: 12