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Egypt Energy Policy

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Submitted By bjornwesker
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Energy Efficiency Country Profile
Primary Energy Intensity koe/US$05ppp 0.20









Sources: WEC (2013), World Bank (2013)

Primary Energy Consumption
39% 1% 7% 51%



1% 4%



Coal Hydroelectricity Natural gas Oil
Source: OAPEC (2005, 2012)

930 Thousand boe/day

1718.1 Thousand boe/day

Final Energy Consumption - 2009

4% 79% 17%

Industrial 38% Transport 5% Residential 33% Commercial 18% Agricultural 6%
Electricity Oil products Bio fuels and waste
Source: IEA (2009)

Country Profile - Energy Efficiency - Egypt 2012. Copyright © 2013 RCREEE.

EE Targets and Designated Agency ▪ ▪ The National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) is adopted (2012-2015) with cumulative EE targets of 5%. No designated EE agency is responsible for formulating, promoting, and implementing energy efficiency measures and policies. There is an EE unit at the Council of Ministers secretariat that is identified as the mandated entity for developing and implementing NEEAP.

Regulatory Framework ▪ No general legal framework for EE measures. Draft electricity law contains a chapter on EE with provisions relating to cogeneration, standards, and labeling. Mandatory EE code for residential buildings (2006), EE code for commercial buildings (2009), and EE code for governmental buildings (2011) are adopted. Minimum energy performance standards with mandatory labeling schemes have been adopted for refrigerators, freezers, washing machines, air conditioners, CFLs, and electric water heaters.
Regulatory Framework

EE Targets and Designated Agency

Electricity Pricing

Implementation Capacity

Energy Service Providers Financial Incentives

Implementation Capacity ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ By 2012, 750,000 m2 of Solar Water Heaters have been installed. No buildings are built according to EE building codes. No demonstration projects for energyefficient buildings are built. By 2012, 10.25 million Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) have been distributed. Financial Incentives ▪ ▪ ▪ No internal tax benefits for EE projects. No EE fund is established for financing EE projects. Customs duty on importing Solar Water Heaters is 2.5%. Customs duty on importing Compact Florescent Lamps is 17%.

Country Profile - Energy Efficiency - Egypt 2012. Copyright © 2013 RCREEE.

Electricity Pricing ▪ ▪ ▪ Fossil fuel subsidies are medium to large. No special tariffs for households encouraging a rational use of energy. Extra high voltage and high voltage customers (intensive industries only) are exposed to peak load pricing structure to shift their consumption from peak hours.

Energy Service Providers ▪ ▪ ▪ 40 Energy audits are conducted in the residential and tertiary sector. 268 Audits are conducted in the industrial sector. Around 10 Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) exist.

Electricity Tariffs
Voltage Customers Kema Extra High Voltage Arab Petroleum Pipelines Company (SUMED) Intensive industries: steel, cement, aluminum, copper, and petrochemical. Industries: flat glass, ceramic, and porcelain. Other industries Intensive Industries: steel, cement, aluminum, copper, and petrochemical. Industries: flat glass, ceramic and porcelain. Other industries Industries Other subscribers Medium Voltage Agriculture and land reclamation Other subscribers > 1001 kWh 601 - 1000 kWh Commercial 251 - 600 kWh 101 - 250 kWh < 100 kWh Low Voltage > 1000 kWh 651 - 1000 kWh Residential 351 - 650 kWh 201 - 350 kWh 51 - 200 kWh < 50 kWh > 500 kW Tariff (Egyptian Piasters/kWh) 4.7 27.7 (*) 25.2 12.9 - 15.4 (**) 30 (*) 25.2 15.7-18.6 (**) From 25.5 to 35.8 (*) 21.4 11.2 25 60 58 46 36 24 48 39 24 16 11 5

High Voltage

< 500 kW

(*) Prices are 50% higher during the peak period (4 hours defined by the Ministry of Electricity and Energy). (**) Prices vary according to the type of industry.
Country Profile - Energy Efficiency - Egypt 2012. Copyright © 2013 RCREEE.

Power Transmission and Distribution Losses (in Percentage) - 2010
14.00 12.00 10.00 8.00 6.00 4.00 2.00 0.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008



Source: World Bank (2013)

Power Generation Efficiency - 2009
50.00% 40.00% 30.00% 20.00% 10.00% 0.00%
Egypt Tunisia Arab average
Source: National Authorities

Contributors Ehab Ismail Amin, General Manager of Planning Department, New Renewable Energy Authority Dr. Ibrahim Yassin, Managing Director, Lighting and Appliance Efficiency Improvement Project Florentine Visser, key Expert, MED-ENEC Mathilde Andersson, Energy Specialist
Country Profile - Energy Efficiency - Egypt 2012. Copyright © 2013 RCREEE.

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