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Submitted By CREDMANSR
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Remote Robotic Surgery in Germany By: Christopher Redman MIS535

I will discuss how robots entered our lives, and this has historical roots after the play by the author Karel Capek, then those robots entered all aspects of our lives, and my topic is the medical field; the first robotic usage was performed in 1987, and there was many drawbacks to those first experiences such as restricted degrees of motion, decreased sense of touch, and .increased sensitivity to hand movement. The main issues that surrounds this procedures is safety measures and maintenance, as there is no grantee that the computer systems of robot is going to work in high safe. Other issues comes from the cost, since robotic surgery is more expensive than traditional, this will make it unavailable for public hospitals, and those who are poor may not be able to benefit from this technology, but this transfer from traditional methods in medicine must happen, as technology affected all aspects of our lives. Robot might sound as a very modern scientific invention, but it is not as the first time “robot” was introduced and coined was in 1921, in a play written by the Czech writer Karel Capek, and since then robots took a place in many aspects of our lives, they also take place in dangerous and highly precise tasks, such as aviation, and here we will discuss the medical usage of robots, starting from the history, to political and economic questions, also Psychological considerations and sociological effects , and the ethical considerations. The first laparoscopic cholecystectomy using robots was performed in 1987, since then, the procedures performed in similar ways have grown “at a pace consistent with improvements in technology and the technical skill of surgeons.” (Surg) this surgery is known as minimally invasive as incisions are smaller, there is less

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