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Global Migration

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Global Migration

Throughout the past century, global migration has skyrocketed, ranging from those in hopes of a better future, to people seeking refuge on political, labor or religious grounds. The general and most common idea of global migration is the movement of a group of people from one region to another more developed region. Since the 1960s their have been many changes in the way global migration has been viewed, modified, and impacted civilization, in some ways for better and other for worse.
From a technological standpoint global migration has been very difficult in the past, but with the invention of the plane, and more efficient methods of transportation, this process has become much easier. Due to these advances in the technology of transportation, global migration has significantly increased. Ultimately this led to changes in how we live, and the cultures instilled in our region.
Since the 60s, a lot has changed regarding the laws of global immigration; America went from a country with few restrictions and deportation laws to one with a very selective and intensive process. Profiling and suspicion of communism were the few main reasons for deportation in the early 60s. From 1965 to 2005 with the establishments of laws such as “Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965” all the way to “REAL ID Act” in 2005 the process of immigration has vastly changed from a legal standpoint. During this time period laws were put in place to restrict certain immigrants from entering the US, and giving those who did, strict punishments. Hiring these migrants was made illegal and if identified they were deported almost immediately. Amnesty was given to a certain group of immigrants in 1986 (Immigration Reform and Control Act) to deal with the overwhelming increase of illegal immigrants. Many people migrated to the US seeking asylum, which led to the “REAL ID Act” which prohibited those who migrated illegally from obtaining a drivers license. This act’s main purpose is to prevent possible terrorists from getting a license.
Global migration has played a major role in cultural as well as genetic diversification. Throughout the past 50 years the US was seen as the land for opportunity attracting people from all over the world. The rapid economic growth and need for workers was the driving force behind this mythical view of the US. The US had work and freedom when other countries did not. As a result of this, the US was given the nickname “Melting Pot” because cultures and gene pools from all over the world were being blended together. The gene pool in the US is the most diverse in the world because of this idea, resulting in a wide range of people with many different skills and attributes.
In recent years illegal migration to the US has become a problem and many different ideologies surfaced on how to approach this problem, which made it a political tool in politics. With the rate of population increasing at a rate exceeding the available jobs, many believe our economy is taking a hit and we need to address this issue. Even with immigration limits per year put into place, Record numbers of illegal immigrants are still getting into the US. Immigration has become a hot topic for political debate with each political party having a different viewpoint on how to deal with this growing problem. One idea on how to solve this problem is to grant amnesty to all illegal immigrants residing in the US with the idea that if they were made citizens then they would pay taxes, and increase the yearly tax revenue. A political benefit to amnesty is the increase in voters aligning with the party that granted amnesty. A conflicting argument states that every single one of these illegal immigrants broke the law with a large proportion having even more serious criminal records, and they should be deported immediately. Spending more resources to secure the border and prevent future illegal immigration is also aligned with this argument. Flaws in this argument include: difficulty in identifying illegal immigrants, breaking up families, and its high cost.
Global Migration has had a large impact on our country over the past 5 decades in many ways. In the overall scheme of things it appears to have largely benefited our country by filling jobs, creating cultural and genetic diversity, bringing innovation, and powering our economy. Times have also changed drastically in the past 5 decades and what was once a very beneficial part of our country has created many new problems that need to be addressed in order to continue growing our economy and benefit our country as a whole.
Works Cited
"English Definition of "global Migration"" Global Migration Noun. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Feb. 2014.
"National Legislation." Immigration Policy Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.
"Migration Discussion Papers." Migration Discussion Papers. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014.

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