Free Essay

Heart Disease and Nutrition

In: Science

Submitted By
Words 1486
Pages 6
Class Final:
The genetics of cancer * Cancer is when mitosis goes wrong! * Cancer cells lack regulated ability to divide only when needed so they divide uncontrollably. * Hyperplasia- Beginning of cancer development; heightened cell division that can create tumor (neoplasm) * Dysplasia- The change in cells/tissue * Cancer cells go from being complex to primitive—which means cancer cells lose their shape, size and ability to function like normal cells * Cancer originates due to mutations within the DNA, in sequence of nucleotides of genes * Malignant tumors and neoplasms are referred to as cancer; benign neoplasms are NOT cancer * In situ tumors- Precurser to cancer/ precancerous * Very dangerous tumor cells (what’s detected in screenings)
Causes of cancer: 1. If there’s mutation in the Proto-oncogenes (tumor suppressor genes), which code for proteins and regulates mitosis… then there will definitely be problem with normal cell division. 2. Carcinogens are substances or physical agents that lead to development of cancer when body is exposed to them. 3. General mutations due to internal/external factors can cause cancer. a. Internal factors- errors in DNA replication; Free radicals; errors in protein synthesis b. External factors- Infectious agents (bacteria/viruses); pollution and chemicals in environment; Radiation (sun); medical treatment (chemo); Lifestyle factors (diet, tobacco)
Benign vs. Malignant * Benign * Tumors that stay in one place (Don’t spread to other parts of body) * Can be removed usually, with surgery * Usually encapsulated * Maintains normal cell structure/function (size and shape) * Don’t come back in most cases * Cells don’t invade other tissue * Malignant * Tumors that DON’T stay in one place * More aggressive in their growth * Replicate rapidly * Can invade and damage nearby tissue and organs * Mestasizes- When cancer cells break away from malignant tumor and enter bloodstream/lymphatic system forming secondary tumors n body) * Lose ability to maintain cell function
Malignant and metastasis * Malignant is the tumors that don’t stay in place and form masses in other tissues/organs in body * Mestasize is the way that malignant tumors spreads to other tissues by breaking off and traveling through blood and lymph system
Cancer treatments

Phenotypes/Genotypes * Phenotype- An observable characteristic or trait of an organism (i.e. shape, development, body, and behavior) * Genotype- The complete set of alleles and combination, determining the physical characteristics * The inherited instructions it carries within its genetic code.
Chromosomes
* Humans have 22 pairs of homologous/identical chromosomes AND a pair of sex chromosomes= totaling 46 chromosomes * Each of the 22 is 1 pair from mom and other from dad * 23rd pair determines sex of human * Females XX * Males XY
Dominant/Recessive
* Dominant alleles are EXPRESSED & MASK the recessive allele (classify genes) * Whenever a dominant allele is present (WW or Ww), it phenotype is expressed. * Recessive alleles that gets masked and can ONLY be expressed phenotypically if there’s 2 of its alleles in the genotype (classify genes) * Only time recessive allele phenotypic characteristic is expressed is when dominant allele is ABSENT, in the case of Double Recessive. * BB- Homozygous Dominant trait * bb- Homozygous Recessive trait * Bb- Heterozygous trait
Carrier
* Sometimes those with Ww are carrier of recessive allele so they don’t express it but can pass it to offspring.
Heterozygous/Homozygous
* Heterozygous- when an individual has a different ALLELE for a gene pair * Homozygous- when an individual has the same ALLELE for a gene pair
Punnett Squares * Punnett Squares are used to predict probability that a specific genotype will be inherited * Punnett Squares illustrate how alleles can be passed from parents to offsprings
X‐linked traits * X-linked traits * The traits that only passes through X chromosome * X-Linked genes are never passed from father to son
Genetic Engineering (AKA molecular modification) * Genetic Engineering is when scientist takes genes out of an organism and inserts it into another organism. * Manipulation of an organism’s DNA/genes * Producing new genes that result in new and more desired traits * 1 of fastest growing areas of research * Allows physicians to use genetic testing to locate mutations that would lead to sickle-cell anemia, cystic fibrosis, breast cancer and Huntington’s disease * Helps physicians find cures for diseases as well
Transgenic bacteria * Transgenic bacteria are bacteria that have been genetically engineered. * Since bacteria have smaller genome than humans, scientist are able to infuse another species gene into bacteria genome in order to produce insulin and produce vaccines.
GM foods * GM foods contain an added gene sequence or deleted gene sequence. * Also includes animals that are fed GM feed. * Any edible foods produced by GM organisms.
Obstacles to gene therapy * Delivering the functional gene to correct cell type * Delivering the functional gene to millions of appropriate cells * ***It’s important for genes to go to appropriate cells to be added into human genome and start producing functional protein.
Evolution
* Evolution is the theory of all organisms adapting and changing over time, creating a change in gene pool * Evolution is CONSTANTLY occurring and we can see evidence in short/long periods * Alleles separate randomly during meiosis so mutations to genes that cause evolution are random and unpredictable. * Macroevolution vs. microevolution * Microevolution is changes in gene frequency over time that can be seen over short periods of time (i.e. bacteria resistance) * Macroevolution is changes in gene frequency over time that takes long periods of time (i.e. dinosaurs evolving into today’s reptiles) 1. Encompasses origination of mammals and entire groups of organisms
Natural Selection * Natural selection is the theory that useful traits of a species in a specific environment become enhanced while those traits that cause disadvantage are removed in a nonrandom way in that population’s gene pool. * Survival of the fittest- Charles Darwin * Examples- beetles with camouflage color to a tree bark will survive longer than those without. * Is a component of Evolution * The idea is that those with genetic advantages within their environment will have higher chance of reproducing, and their traits get passed on to majority of future generations.
Genetic Drift * Genetic Drift is when modifications in allele frequency due to random events in small populations. * The RANDOM change in gene frequency in a population. * Examples- Food shortage and disease outbreak because they cause elimination of certain alleles indefinitely in that pop.
The effect of migration on the gene pool * Migration is the movement of individuals of one population into another population. * This affects gene pool because there will be reproductive variations as a result of the change in gene frequency (after movement) * Migration can either be immigration or emigration
What affects the aging process? * Organ systems will age at different rates and lose efficiency and decline in function * Factors that can increase/decrease the aging rate include: emotional stress, chemical use, chronic disease, exercise, smoking and nutrition
Fertilization Implantation * Fertilization is process where female gamete(egg) cell joins with male gamete(sperm). * Stages of Fertilization: 2. Sperm connect with an egg 3. Sperm enters inside the egg 4. Egg and sperm nuclei fuse together 5. Offspring development begins * Sperm lifespan is about 2-5 days; and sperm has 24 hours after ovulation to fertilize an egg, if not the sperm dies
Twins
* Fraternal Twins- Occurs when 2 eggs are ovulated and fertilized by 2 sperm * Identical Twins- Occurs from the splitting of the zygote or fertilized egg * Can happen during Pre-embryonic stage
Tetragons
* Teratogens are agents/conditions (i.e. virus, chemicals) that can impair prenatal development and lead to birth defects or death.
Effect of greenhouse gasses * Greenhouse gasses include Carbon Dioxide, Methane and Nitrous Oxide * Effects include: Rise in sea level; Increase in global temperature; Increase in ocean temperatures; melting large ice sheets; retreating glaciers; more extreme weather events; ocean acidification * Carbon Dioxide levels from burning fossil fuels have risen in past 100 years; which are causing problems with the Earth’s climate

Fossil Fuels * Fossil Fuels include coal, oil, natural gas which are all found UNDER Earth’s surface. * Takes millions of years to form * We use them so much their RUNNING OUT * Main and only advantage of fossil fuels is they produce LARGE amounts of energy per unit weight
Renewable energy/Nonrenewable energy * Renewable Energy- Alternative energy sources like solar power, hydroelectric, geothermal, wind power, and biofuels---Energy that don’t take millions of years to form are readily available for use. * Non-renewable Energy- Fossil fuels and other sources of energy that takes MILLIONS OF YEARS TO FORM
Nuclear energy * Nuclear energy can provide LARGE amounts of energy * Can result in nuclear accident if complication arises, leading to release of radioactive particles in environment * Also results in radioactive waste that needs to be stored for millions years.
Carbon footprint Sustainability- To live in a way that natural resources are conserved for future generations and other living things. * Goes by principle- Everything that we need for survival and well-being depends either directly or indirectly on our natural environment. * Sustainability creates and maintains conditions where humans and nature can exist in productive harmony and permits fulfilling the social, economic and other requirements of present/future generations.

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Nutrition Heart Disease Outline

...Nutrition Outline 05-05-2012 Heart Disease I. Introduction: In America, Heart Disease is one of the leading causes of death. I will discuss what Heart Disease is and ways to prevent and treat heart disease, as well as what contributes to Heart Disease and why it is important to prevent it. A. What is Heart Disease? 1. Heart disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect your heart. The various diseases that fall under the umbrella of heart disease include diseases of your blood vessels, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems; heart infections; and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects). 2. Heart disease symptoms vary, depending on what type of heart disease you have. II. What causes Heart Disease? A. Risk Factors of Heart Disease 1. Age: Simply getting older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle, which contribute to heart disease. Sex: Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, the risk for a woman increases after menopause. Family history: A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age. Smoking: Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are more common in smokers than in......

Words: 815 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Popular Press Nutrition Claim Heart Disease Caused by Saturated Fats Disputed

...Popular Press Nutrition Claim: Heart disease is not caused by a high saturated fat intake as there has never been concrete evidence that supports the idea. Many studies have focused on the relationship between saturated fats increasing cholesterol levels and ultimately leading to heart disease. However the theory came about from the results found when giving herbivorous animals an increased amount of saturated fats in their diet (Rosch 2008). Since this theory came about from this experiment it has just been believed to be true despite the fact that it wasn’t even based off of an experiment involving humans. Such negative results can be understood to be caused by the fact that as herbivores their saturated fat intake is relatively low as they don’t consume other animal protein which contains a fair amount of saturated fat whereas most human as omnivores do. Rather than realize that the increased introduction of something that isn’t a main part of the diet in any species is bound to have negative effects the idea has been promoted by those with power that bring profit to others who help promote it (Rosch 2008). For as long as the saturated fat heart disease relationship has been studied throughout various populations around the world countless contradictions to the original theory have been found however often times such conflicting data get ignored to make the original theory appear more true than it is in reality (Rosch 2008). Moreover opponents with experiments and......

Words: 933 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Wgu Task 1

...C228 – Community Health Nursing – Task 1 Student’s Name Western Governors University Identification of Community Nestled in Southern Indiana just west of Louisville, Kentucky and south of Indianapolis, Indiana is Dubois County, Indiana. Dubois County is comprised of the towns of Birdseye, Ferdinand, Holland, Huntingburg and Jasper. Of those towns, Jasper is the largest and is the county seat (Kelly School of Business, 2014). Over fifty-two percent of the population consists of adults ranging from 25-64 years of age (Kelly School of Business, 2014). The leading cause of mortality in this county is heart disease, cancer, suicide and injuries (Memorial Hospital and Health Care Center & Dubois County Health Department, 2011). According to the 2011 health rankings of the county, Dubois County was higher in the benchmark of poor health, adult obesity, adult smoking, excessive drinking, motor vehicle crash death rate and teen birth rate than the national benchmarks (Memorial Hospital and Health Care Center & Dubois County Health Department, 2011). Industry overview consists of manufacturing, transportation/warehousing, health care, and finance/insurance with manufacturing providing the majority of the jobs at an average wage per job of $54,000 in 2010(Memorial Hospital And Health Care Center & Dubois County Health Department, 2011). Obesity in the county grew to 28.9% in 2008 compared to 26.8% in 2006(Memorial Hospital and Health Care Center &...

Words: 2801 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Nutritional

...Nutritional Health Name Professor Institution Course Date It is widely accepted that diet and nutrition are fundamental to health, and that the food consumed today carries profound implication for the risk of disease (Carr, 2005). Consecutively, to get and sustain adequate wellbeing, individuals must consume a wholesome diet on regular basis. Besides nutrition, lifestyles too take part in determining health of an individual. Of meticulous apprehension is inactive way of life that has led to emergency of diet related diseases. Currently, there are numerous cases of heart ailments since of sedentary way of life and this is common in U.S. Sound nutrition throughout life does not ensure fine health and long life, except it can certainly help to tip the steadiness in their favor. Nevertheless, some people choose food for reasons other than their nourishing value (Whitney, 2011). Taste and preference for certain foods make people go for them for example sweetness of sugar and gusto of salt. Research indicates that genetics influence people’s taste partiality and routine dictates food option. The choice of food will determine the health status of a person. Diet influence occurrence of cardiovascular diseases in that it can affect lipoprotein amount in blood plasma and ultimately the behavior of cellular elements such as platelets. Intake of food affluent in cholesterol has been responsible for this. These foods lead to amplified intensity of plasma cholesterol (Carroll,......

Words: 637 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Vegetarianism

... The third group is pescetarians. This group avoids red meat and poultry, but eats fish. The last group is vegans and they have the strictest diet as they avoid eating all animal products including red meat, fish, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. There are several reasons why people become vegetarian. Amita Handa expresses that people become vegetarians because “social reasons, political and religious beliefs, and financial problems.” Another notable reason people switch from nonvegetarian is because of their frustration with the cruel and unusual treatment of animals. Vegetarianism is mostly linked with positive effects on physical health as evidenced by lower body mass index, lower blood pressure, and reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. A vegetarian diet contributes to a person having a lower Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI is a weight-to-height ratio. About 68.8% of American adults are considered obese. Joan Sabate and Michelle Wein state that “epidemiologic studies have consistently shown that vegetarians are thinner than comparable nonvegetarians.” They go on to say, “Vegetarians in the...

Words: 2272 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Outline

...Nutrition Heart Disease Outline Nutrition Outline 05-05-2012 Heart Disease I. Introduction: In America, Heart Disease is one of the leading causes of death. I will discuss what Heart Disease is and ways to prevent and treat heart disease, as well as what contributes to Heart Disease and why it is important to prevent it. A. What is Heart Disease? 1. Heart disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect your heart. The various diseases that fall under the umbrella of heart disease include diseases of your blood vessels, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems; heart infections; and heart defects you're born with (congenital heart defects). 2. Heart disease symptoms vary, depending on what type of heart disease you have. II. What causes Heart Disease? A. Risk Factors of Heart Disease 1. Age: Simply getting older increases your risk of damaged and narrowed arteries and weakened or thickened heart muscle, which contribute to heart disease. Sex: Men are generally at greater risk of heart disease. However, the risk for a woman increases after menopause. Family history: A family history of heart disease increases your risk of coronary artery disease, especially if a parent developed it at an early age. Smoking: Nicotine constricts your blood vessels, and carbon monoxide can damage their inner lining, making them more susceptible to atherosclerosis. Heart attacks are......

Words: 318 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sci Week Answers

...SCI 220 chapter 1 What is a definition for nutrition? Nutrition is the science that links foods to health and disease.  Play audio for this term  What does the subject of nutrition include? The subject of nutrition includes the processes by which the human organism ingests, digests, absorbs, transports, and excretes food substances.  What is the benefit of food to the body? Food provides the energy in the form of calories as well as the materials needed to build and maintain all body cells.  What is the benefit of nutrition to the body? Nutrients are the substances obtained from food that are vital for growth and maintenance of a healthy body throughout life.  What is one classification of nutrients? Nutrients can be classified as essential or nonessential  What is an essential nutrient? An essential nutrient is a nutrient that the body either cannot synthesize on its own or cannot make an adequate amount of, and must be provided by the diet because it is necessary for the body to function properly.  What criteria must be met for a nutrient to be considered "essential?" For a nutrient to be considered essential, it must meet the following criteria:  1) At least one specific biological function of the nutrient in the body must be identified. (2) Omission of the nutrient from the diet must lead to a decline in certain biological functions, such as production of blood cells. (3) replacing the omitted nutrient in the diet before......

Words: 2449 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Health

...PHYSICAL HEALTH AND NUTRITION DWIGHT REESE UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX Our physical health is important in people every day lives. They need good physical health in order to be healthy. With plenty of different ways to get healthy and stay healthy. The question is does anyone truly know how to get healthy or stay healthy. The answer is no, because people don’t think your physical health can be affected . Nutrition is an important factor when it comes to the human body. Without it your body won’t develop as it should. With different types of ways to feed your body nutrition. People don’t think highly of nutrition. All we worry about is what the food taste like and how much it cost. As of right now I don’t truly have a current fitness habit. That does not mean I don’t work-out. That simply means I don’t have a weekly work-out plan or schedule. When it comes to working out there is not a lot of weight lifting involved in my work-out. A normal work-out would consist of mainly running for my cardio and doing hands-on activities for other areas. When working out I try to keep myself hydrated. So I try to give my body all the right nutrients. Which consist of water and other sports drinks that give good nutrition during a work-out. As far as getting all the right nutrition I need while eating I don’t get on a daily basis. Out of seven days in a week three or four days might be good days where I take in all the nutrition that I need. As a result to this im not as...

Words: 1120 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Health Officer

...According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the number of people globally who were malnourished stood at 923 million in 2007, an increase of over 80 million since the 1990-92 base period. In 2006, more than 36 million people died of hunger or diseases due to deficiencies in micronutrients; accounted for 58% of the total mortality in the same year. Under nutrition contributes to almost 35% of the estimated 7.6 million deaths under-5 deaths; consequently affecting the future health and socioeconomic development and productive potential of the society. The malnourished are unable to live a normal life, are less likely to fulfill their potential as human beings and cannot contribute fully to the development of their own countries. Nutrition is the provision of adequate energy and nutrients (in terms of amount and mix and timelines) to the cells for them to perform their physiological function of (growth, reproduction, defence, repair e.t.c). The World Health Organization defines malnutrition as "the cellular imbalance between supply of nutrients & energy and the body's demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance, and specific functions”. Malnutrition comprises both; Under nutrition and Over nutrition The World Health Organization (WHO) says that malnutrition is by far the largest contributor to child mortality globally, currently present in 45 percent of all cases. Underweight births and inter-uterine growth restrictions are responsible for about 2.2......

Words: 5815 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Nutrition Concepts and Controversies

...Nutrition Concepts and Controversies Introduction Nutrition can be defined as the process of absorbing nutrients from food and processing them in the body for growth, replacement of tissues, and maintenance of good health. Historically, women have been responsible for cooking and providing meals for their families. Often, that food was grown in the family garden or local community. The women may not have had much formal education, but they seemed to know, almost instinctively, what was good for their families. Life was less complex earlier in time, and fewer food choices existed. The evolution of technology and modern farming techniques has caused a great deal of change in the quality of our food. Water, soil, and air pollution are depleting our soil of vitamins essential for good health, and an increase in the amounts of food additives, chemicals, sugar, and unhealthy fats in our foods has contributed to the increase in chronic diseases present in society. Therefore, it is critical that people learn as much as they can about their nutritional needs and the connection between their diet and their health. This paper will review of basic nutrition. This paper discussed nutrients in foods and nutrients diet constituents. Further, it will cover Nutrients and the Human Genome along with emphasis on diseases associated with poor nutrition. In last, the paper will address Nutritional Challenges within Families. There are many good introductory......

Words: 3262 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Documant

...The PRECEDE-PROCEED model provides a comprehensive structure of assessing health and quality of life needs and for designing, implementing, and evaluating health promotion and other public health programs to meet those needs. PRECEDE: (Predisposing, Reinforcing, and Enabling Constructs in Educational Diagnosis and Evaluation) outlines a diagnostic planning process to assist in the development of targeted and focused public health programs. It has four phases * Phase 1: Social Diagnosis- Identifying the ultimate desired result. * Phase 2: Epidemiological, Behavioral, and Environmental Diagnosis- Identifying and setting priorities among health or community issues and their behavioral and environmental determinants that stand in the way of achieving that result, or conditions that have to be attained to achieve that result; and identifying the behaviors, lifestyles, and/or environmental factors that affect those issues or conditions. * Phase 3: Educational and Ecological Diagnosis- Identifying the predisposing, enabling, and reinforcing factors that can affect the behaviors, attitudes, and environmental factors given priority in Phase 2. * Phase 4: Administrative and Policy Diagnosis- Identifying the administrative and policy factors that influence what can be implemented. PROCEED: (Policy, Regulatory, and Organizational Constructs in Educational and Environmental Development) guides the implementation and evaluation of the programs designed using PROCEED. ...

Words: 1027 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

C228 Draft

...Health Nursing-C228-Task 1 Western Governors University Teresa McDonald SI# 000460708 12/29/15 Identification of Community In Southeast Tennessee, you will find most of Hamilton County between the Appalachian and the Cumberland mountain ranges. It is the fourth most populous county in the state of Tennessee (Wikipedia, ND). Within Hamilton County, there are many different towns. The most populous city is Chattanooga that is also the county seat (Wikipedia, ND). Hamilton County is unique because it boarders ten other counties. According to the 2010, U.S. Census Bureau the population of Hamilton County is 336,463 (Memorial Health Care Systems, 2013) . The leading cause of death for Hamilton County is heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease, and diabetes (Memorial Health Care Systems, 2013). According to the 2012 healthy ranking of the county, Hamilton County was higher than the National Benchmark in all of the Health Behavior categories (Memorial Health Care Systems, 2013). The Health Behavior categories include Adult smoking, Adult obesity, Physical inactivity, and Excessive drinking (Memorial Health Care Systems, 2013). According to Picture of Health 2015, 66% of Hamilton County is in the overweight or obese and 75% of the adolescents are not participating in sufficient aerobic activities daily (Chattanooga-Hamilton County Health Department, 2015). Assessment of Needs and Risks Population Economic Status Assessment The population......

Words: 2294 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Alzheimer's Health Benefits

...Proper nutrition is equally as important as physical activity to achieve and keep a healthy body. Following a daily healthy and nutritious diet can produce several benefits, including preventing diseases and illnesses, maintaining body weight, controlling cholesterol levels, and supporting and strengthening the body’s natural functions. First, a proper nutritious diet can help prevent disease and promote good health. According to Serena Styles in her article “5 Benefits of Proper Nutrition,” proper nutrition can reduce the risk of heart disease and Alzheimer’s disease. In order to reduce the risk of heart disease, Styles suggests a diet that is low in fats, cholesterol and sodium; such a diet would include fruits, vegetables, whole grains and low-fat dairy. On the other hand, consuming dark fruits (e.g. raspberries, plums, cherries, blueberries) and vegetables (e.g. broccoli, kale, spinach) as well as nuts (e.g. walnuts and almonds) aid in fighting against Alzheimer’s disease. Moreover, a diet full of antioxidant-rich foods can reap several health benefits. In general, antioxidants protect the internal structure of the body and strengthen the immune system. In her article “7 Benefits of Antioxidants & How to Add Them to Your Diet,” Caroline Young indicates that antioxidants like vitamin C and vitamin E can...

Words: 506 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Nutrition

...PERSONALIZED NUTRITION AND EXERCISE PLAN 2 Personalized Nutrition and Exercise Plan Identify the health and nutrition problem that may be targeted. Discuss the disease/issue The current health problem I have is my family has a history of heart disease and Type II diabetes. I went to the doctor's office recently where she drew blood for a variety of tests. She was concerned about my blood sugar levels. Everything turned out fine but it made me realize that I could stand to lose some weight and start eating healthier. I do not want to face this problem again and do not want the family history to affect my future. Plus, if I am blessed with children, I want to be a healthy example for them. Discuss four nutritional and/or physical exercise goals My biggest goal is to lose a minimum of 50 pounds. In the past six months, I have gained about twenty pounds, especially in my middle. This is driving me nuts. So, on top of getting rid of the extra weight altogether, I want to erase my “muffin top”. Along with slimming my waist, I would like to tone my arms. One final goal, although I am not sure this one is attainable due to a bad knee, is to start jogging. When class started, I was more active than near the end of class. When I utilized the pyramid activity tracker in week 6, the results did not surprise me. I knew that I had fallen off the wagon so to speak. My average PA Score on www.mypyramidtracker.gov was 65.3 which was mostly due to an afternoon......

Words: 1971 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Blooming Prospects of Functional Foods

...Corresponding author: genithaimmanuel@yahoo.co.in Introduction The tenet "Let food be thy medicine and medicine be thy food," espoused by Hippocrates nearly 2,500 years ago, is receiving renewed interest, now popularly used for Functional foods. The term functional foods was first introduced in Japan in the mid-1980s and refers to processed foods containing ingredients that aid specific bodily functions in addition to being nutritious. The Institute of Medicine's Food and Nutrition Board (IOM/FNB, 1994), Japan defined functional foods as "any food or food ingredient that may provide a health benefit beyond the traditional nutrients it contains." Functional foods are foods that provide health benefits beyond basic nutrition due to certain physiologically active components, which may or may not have been manipulated or modified to enhance their bioactivity. These foods may help prevent disease, reduce the risk of developing disease, or enhance health. Rapid advances in food science and technology, an aging population, the rapid rise in health care costs, and changing government marketing and labeling regulations have also had an impact on the functional foods market. Functional foods have been a part of Eastern cultures for centuries. Foods were used for medicinal purposes in traditional Indian medicine (Ayurveda) as early as 1000 b.c. From ancient times, the Indians have used foods for both preventive and therapeutic......

Words: 3151 - Pages: 13