Free Essay

Internet Discrimination & Social Learning Theory

In: Social Issues

Submitted By ashb8907
Words 672
Pages 3
Internet Discrimination & Social Learning Theory
Ashley Bowers
SOCW 510
September 21, 2011

Everyone has the right to be respected, safe and free from violence, harassment and bullying. A life free from violence and from cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment is a fundamental human right. Bullying and harassment can also lead to violations of a range of other human rights. People have the right to the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health, work and fair working conditions, freedom of expression and to hold opinions without interference, and the right to be free from violence. People, especially the youth, have the right to feel free to go by their day without fear of persecution and bullying can affect these rights and this should be taken into consideration before people decide to sign into the internet.
People today have been using multiple electronic digital devices which provide a new means of communicating with each other and access to the worldwide Internet. While these devices should be used as positive tools in educational and other settings, unfortunately, these devices are also sometimes used in very unsafe and irresponsible ways. When people start resorting to bullying and harassment via the Internet and other electronic communication devices, these behaviors are called “cyber bullying.” Recently, there have been many public service announcements (PSAs) trying to stop the use of discriminatory slurs with little or no effect. There were articles in “The Nation” and “The New York Times” about polls taken by MTV on the effect these slurs have on young people with a few surprising results. They found that half of young people say using discriminatory slurs is wrong but 54% say it’s okay to use such slurs as “fag”, “slut”, or “retard” when they are in their individual circle of friends. With the growing use of social networking sites as a means to communicate young people who should be more concerned with how they speak are progressively becoming more and more offensive. As face-to-face conversations decrease the bullying has increased. How do we come to the conclusion that these slurs are okay to say at all? I believe that Social Learning Theory bests answers that question. Albert Bandura believed that people learn from one another, via observation, imitation, and modeling. This outlook would explain the way young people talk to one another and why they do not see it as demeaning to onlookers. These behaviors are starting younger and younger because children are observing the slurs being used on all media basses, by older siblings, and even parents. As children use these slurs the first reaction should be stopping the use but instead some promote the slurs or do not see some uses as demeaning. For example, there is a growing us of the phrases “That’s gay!” and “That’s retarded!” instead of simply saying “That’s dumb!” Most do not see a problem with this replacement but there are people who are offended. It doesn’t matter how hard parents try to stop the use of these slurs if the child is hearing them in other outlets. In order to end the slurs people must be prepared for a long battle with media and social networking sites. This issue has been in the press a lot in the past few years and I wonder if bullying is actually increasing or if the use of the Internet is making it easier to catch.
I hear all the time not to take things so serious online but discriminatory language and other bullying should be. There have been many deaths as a result of cyber bullying and there should be more to protect the rights of all people. Monitoring Internet use is the first step of many in fighting this battle and I personally am hoping to see a decrease in this issue in next few years.


Similar Documents

Free Essay

Role of Social Media in Promoting Religious Extremism

...role of exposure to new social media on violent extremism. An integrative quantitative and qualitative approach Summary en kwantitatieve benadering/ Commissioners Promoter/coordinator Co-promoters Researchers Belspo FOD Binnenlandse zaken – Directe algemene veiligheid Lieven PAUWELS - UGent Fabienne BRION - UCL Brice DE RUYVER – Ugent Marleen EASTON - Ugent Nele SCHILS – Ugent Julianne LAFFINEUR - UCL 1 1. Introduction Research problem Worldwide, both policy and research pay a lot of attention to extremism, and radicalization as the process leading to extremism (Van de Linde & Rademaker, 2010). Scholars and policymakers increasingly focus on unravelling the processes of radicalisation, hoping to prevent the violent radicalisation of their own youth and eventually political violence (Van de Line & Rademaker, 2010). The Internet and its constant technological developments in particular are causes of concern (Conway, 2012). Recently, we have seen a boom in new social media (NSM) and other web 2.0 applications, bearing a large potential for communication and networking (Conway, 2012). These developments have transformed the world in an online village, with every offline actor being represented online. It is therefore no surprise that criminals, radicals, violent extremists and terrorists also use this medium to their advantage (Benschop, 2006; Stevens & Neuhmann, 2009; Weimann, 2004). By means of the Internet and NSM, violent......

Words: 15802 - Pages: 64

Premium Essay

Unit 13 Managing Human Resources in Health and Social Care

...Unit 13 Managing Human Resources in Health and Social Care 1.1 Explain the factors to be considered when considering the recruitment of individuals to work in health and social care The first factor to be considered when planning employment is the overall aim of the recruitment with a particular focus on what the organization wants to achieve. For example, whilst some recruitment may be to replace an existing worker due to retirement or career advancement, other recruitment may be due to the creation of a new job role. In the latter case, the organization needs to have a clear understanding of the skill set, competence, education and experience levels of the individual they want to recruit. From this, the organization then needs to consider the availability of workers, that fulfill the job requirements, that either already work for the organization or who reside within the area. If such workers are not available, the organization must then consider the financial implications associated with either training individuals to the required levels or offering remuneration and relocation incentives to encourage skilled workers in from other areas. Once these decisions have been made, the organization then needs to consider how to attract the right candidates for the available roles. Advertisement of jobs in areas where there are adequate skilled workers in the local area is commonly carried out in local newspapers and in the local Job Centre, however, where this local......

Words: 2530 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Annotated Bibliography

...defined as a social construct that promotes the discrimination of individuals based on an individual’s gender. Sexism arises from stereotypes that define the roles of both sexes, therefore having issues when the gender roles are performed by the opposite sex.   This social construct mainly affects the minority group identified as women and girls. Sexism is recognized in all aspect of life, and it’s not strange to identify it in the technology industry. The male figure has always identified its gender role as the provider. This social construct originated from the nature of man been the hunter who provided his family with their daily meal. Therefore relegating the women to the role of caretaker and this aspect has kept its hold over the society.  In the 21st century, sexism has been a covert and subtle process that tries to establish an environment that is less friendly and less accessible to women.  It’s clear that sexism is evident in the Silicon Valley and beyond.  We also identify that the technology aspect has always been associated with male perspective. Therefore, it has become common to hear a conversation about women who have suffered sexism and sexual harassment in their digital related jobs. Women have also been identified to facilitate this occurrence by been timid when it comes to technology in the workplaces.  Therefore, the actions that sideline women from important decisions at the workplace can be seen as sexism in play.   Rudman .A.L,  Glick. P The......

Words: 3045 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Evidence-Informed Practice: an Evaluation of the David Bennett Inquiry Report

...discuss the implications of evidence-informed practice for social work as well as my own future practice. EIP in social work began in the early 1990s when contemporary writers Geraldine MacDonald and her colleagues wrote articles very much in contrast to earlier reviews; they looked at results from studies such as quasi-experimental studies and client opinion studies about the effectiveness of social work practice. This led to good outcomes for social work practice (Webber, 2011) [Online]. Evidence-informed practice in social work has been described as: ‘Evidence based social care is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions regarding the welfare of those in need of social services.’ (Sheldon and Chilvers, 2000, p.5, adapted from Sackett et al., 1996 cited in Webber, 2011, p.3) Webber (2011) and Sheldon and Chilvers (2000, p.5, adapted from Sackett et al., 1996 cited in Webber, 2011, p.3) both define EIP as using effective interventions and up to date knowledge to aid understanding of the issues that people face in society. Using evidence from reliable sources is likely to lead to good outcomes that can be justified. However, Mathews and Crawford (2012) state that some established professions such as law or medicine have their own evidence base which is well defined and protected, unlike that of social work practice; arguably, it is difficult to apply EIP to all of social work, for instance: advocacy, making referrals and......

Words: 3522 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Soc 120 Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility

...Pornography & Its Ethical Issues SOC 120 Introduction to Ethics & Social Responsibility February 3, 2014   Many argue that pornography is degrading, and believed that it denigrates women and in some cases even men. Feminists argue that it’s harmful to society promoting rape, violence, and sex discrimination. Pornography is often seen by others as an erotic art that has been around for thousands of years. Technology today makes access to pornography very easy by video, text, and the internet. Pornography raises many moral questions, but mainly, are pornographic materials morally offensive or not? The ethical issues pertaining to pornography are abundant, considering protecting personal privacy, computer crimes, materialism and cultural expansionism. Anti-pornographic believe that it’s immoral and that pornography should be censor. Pro-pornographic, believe to be education and inspirational, and argue that by taking away the constitutional rights are begging violated. Even though there are many different opinions about pornography, does not seem to be an accurate definition. Some argue that porn is violent, portrays unequal power in sexual relations and showing that many of its acts are judged as immoral. What does pornography mean in the dictionary? Pornography stems from the Greek word porno, meaning prostitutes and the word graphos meaning writing. Pornography is defined to include the definition of actual sexual contact, meaning hard core, and......

Words: 2373 - Pages: 10

Free Essay


...addictions can be developed through operant conditioning. This essay also examines the distinctions between classical and operant condition and examines “extinction” as it relates to psychological theory and how extinction is achieved in classical and operant conditioning. Phobias and Addictions Numerous psychologists believe that behaviors are learned through conditioning. These conditionings are known as operant, which is based on individual’s response to outside stimuli, and classical conditioning, which is based on the theory that people’s reactions to situations are learned behaviors. Phobias and Addictions can develop when an individual’s ability to function within societal normality’s or adapt to societal complexities are diminished. Addiction is a condition in which the body must have a drug to avoid physical and psychological withdrawal symptoms. Phobias and classical conditioning Phobias are persistent and irrational fears of specific objects, activities, or situations that are excessive and unreasonable, given the reality of the threat. Even though phobias are based on irrational fears, they often cause serious problems in a person’s life. Phobias can result in a person being unable to perform their job, participate in any type of social functions or totally withdraw from society. There are numerous physical symptoms associated with phobias similar to those experienced with chronic anxiety attacks. Phobias are developed......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Do Language Mould the Way We Think

...Numbers 4 functions of management 19 10 managerial roles 21 8 attributes of performance excellence 49 5 ingredients of learning org 50 21st century manager 51 2 dimensions of environmental uncertainty 91 4 absolutes of management for total quality control 94 4 steps in control process 202 4 criteria of a good performance obj 207 A Administrators 17 Agenda setting 23 Administrative principles (Henri Fayol) 37 Administrative principles (Mary Parker) 37,38 Argyris’s theory of adult personality 43 Autonomy and entrepreneurship (att of perform excel) 49 Agile manufacturing 95 Absence of prejudice and discrimination (Mul org) 100 Afirmative action (Mana diver) 104 Action orientation (Plan benefits) 193 Advantage oriented (Plan benefits) 193 After-action review (controlling) 201 Asset management (info + finan control) 203 Area structures 252 Authority (dele + empower) 263 Accountability (dele + empower) 263 Authority and responsibility principle (dele + empower) 263 Advisory authority (org) 265 B Belief in human capital 13 Bureaucratic organization (Max Weber) 38 Bias toward action (att of perform excel) 49 Biculturalism 103 Benefits of planning 193 Budget 197 Benchmarking 199 Best practices 199 Benefit of MBO 207 Break-even analysis 209 Benefits of functional structures 250 Boundaryless organizations 258 C Corporate governance 9 Careers 9 Critical......

Words: 1612 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sociology Essay and Class Notes Prep

...Looks at group social interaction, social behavior an influence of social structures on people How old is sociology? 200 years Why did sociology (as social science develop)? Who was the founding father of sociology? Main contributions of Sociology Early Auguste compte: Founding father of sociology, coined the word sociology How is Sociology different from other social sciences? Emile Durkheim: influenced development of functionalism 4 types of suicide by Durkheim: Egoistic: Mentally ill, lonely, social outcast, depression Altruistic: Kamikaze pilots, suicide bombers, cult members, obligation to the group, Fatalistic: Inmates, elderly, terminally ill, hopelessness Anomic: Anyone who cant deal with chaos, such as stock market crash or 1929-Insecurity Anomie: When society’s norms are questions, much social change, Society is rapidly changing Institutions are weakened, family, religion. Gender norms are questioned; values and belief systems are questioned Theory of structural functionalism 1 If a structure exists in society its because its functional, the social structure exists because it works Social structures: anything external to people that has ways of affecting us, like religions, schools, Any pattern of social organization external to people that has a way of influencing us. Example: Family Peers Media Religion School Exams Laws Marriage 3. This theory explains that society s a large social system with......

Words: 2927 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay


...ratings A rating method where the rater assigns a specific value on a fixed scale to the behavior or performance of an individual instead of assigning ratings based on comparisons between other individuals. Affirmative action Also : Positive discrimination. Carried out on behalf of women and disadvantaged groups and members of such groups are placed in dominant positions. Appraisal See Performance planning. Attrition A term used to describe voluntary and involuntary terminations, deaths, and employee retirements that result in a reduction to the employer's physical workforce. Autocratic leadership Leader determines policy of the organization, instructs members what to do/make, subjective in approach, aloof and impersonal. Balanced Scorecard A popular strategic management concept developed in the early 1990's by Drs. Robert Kaplan and David Norton, the balanced scorecard is a management and measurement system which enables organizations to clarify their vision and strategy and translate them into action. The goal of the balanced scorecard is to tie business performance to organizational strategy by measuring results in four areas: financial performance, customer knowledge, internal business processes, and learning and growth. Behaviorally anchored rating scale (BARS) An appraisal that requires raters list important dimensions of a particular job and collect information regarding the critical behaviors that distinguish between successful and......

Words: 15364 - Pages: 62

Free Essay

Attitudes Towards Gender and Leadership Effectiveness

...perspectives. Diversity, based on various social and multicultural differences, aims at establishing functional professional environment wherein every person plays an important part. Ethically, diversity management practices recognize both individual and systematic social and psychological differences between people. Thus, any individual is a unique person, with a unique psychological and social status i.e. male/female; heterosexual/homosexual; black/white; working class/middle class and so on. The diversity management models accept the philosophies of former paradigms by promoting equality of opportunity for all employees whilst acknowledging cultural differences among people and recognising and respecting the value of those differences. The diversity management approaches enable today’s companies to internalise various differences among employees so that the organisation learns and grows because of these differences (Compton, 1995). Literature Review It might seem rather difficult to understand differences between various cultures, yet over almost 30 years cultural differences seem more approachable to all of us due to comprehensive research conducted by Geert Hofstede. His theoretical framework widens our perception of various differentiating features that exist among cultures (Lere and Portz, 2005). Today, Hofstede’s cultural framework is extensively applied in a variety of cultural, management, Internet and information technology contexts, and......

Words: 3105 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Pornification of Social Media the popularity of the content, thereby over time creating a social tolerance of media content. The material that floods through the media today is significantly more provocative compared to previous decades; if Kim Kardashian’s naked body was the face of the media anytime during the 20th century, the public response would be chaotic, however in 2014 this was not only tolerated but to some extent, it was glorified. Significantly influencing the morals and values obtained by society, the content that flows through the media appears to have a link with social issues such as gender stereotypes, which has shown to produce gender inequality. Throughout recent globalization, it is clear that the values within western culture has rapidly evolved along with technological advancements as well as the development of mass media and particularly, social media; throughout this process, pornography and sexual content in the media has become normalized as well as a social and cultural trend. It is important for sociologists to study and identify whether the values we adopt are moral, harmless and will not corrupt the large population of people exposed to the material in the media. Pornography as sexually imaged content, has existed throughout centuries to stimulate the reproductive system, however hard-core pornography today is developing at an exponential rate due to the accessibility, affordability and anonymity of internet porn (Wang 2009), while a large portion of society remains......

Words: 1970 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay


...Essay Writing 2: Planning & Structuring Your Essays Effective Learning Service Essay Writing 2: Planning & Structuring Your Essays University of Bradford, School of Management Essay Writing (2): Planning & Structuring Your Essays ESSAY WRITING (2): PLANNING & STRUCTURING YOUR ESSAYS WHY WRITE ESSAYS? Look for the word ‘essay’ in the dictionary and you will find one meaning listed is ‘to attempt’. An essay is an attempt by you to communicate your arguments or knowledge of a subject to the reader, usually your tutor. The mark awarded is a reflection, not on your intellect generally, but on your ability to communicate your ideas on the subject in question. Many tutors – and students – believe essays help in four ways: Ø They can be a good way to learn. The process of writing will help you clarify your thoughts on a subject or topic Ø They show your tutors that you understand key ideas on any particular subject Ø They are useful as a means of gaining feedback on your academic progress Ø Essays are usually an important part of overall assessment. Essay writing can therefore be viewed in a positive way. However, essays can cause be a source of anxiety to many students, particularly at the start of their academic careers. Many students feel vulnerable when they write and submit essays and feel their intellect generally is subject to official scrutiny. They have plenty of thoughts and ideas inside their heads – but how to get these out in a readable form? This is the......

Words: 4891 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay


...into finished goods and services. The value added aspects of Operations Management such as purchasing, material requirements planning, inventory control and project management are also covered. 3. Learning Outcomes: Upon successful completion of the module the students will be able to: describe how organisations can reduce waste and improve quality. explain the impact and importance of the customer-supplier-competitor relationship within business operations. apply quantitative tools and techniques for planning, predicting, measuring and monitoring operations. base strategic decisions on information derived from these tools and techniques. understand the relationship between operations and each of the other major business functions such as Marketing, Human Resources, Finance. describe how operations strategies can enhance the effectiveness of the business. recognise the importance of accurately predicting demand and adjusting capacity in response to demands 4. Indicative Content • Design of production and information systems • Just-in-time/lean production systems • Demand forecasting • Production planning and scheduling • Queuing/waiting line analysis • Information systems in operations • Supply chain management • Internet applications in supply chains • Databases • Delivery of service; customer management • Telecommunications & Networks • Electronic commerce and e-operations • Inventory......

Words: 3197 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Employability of Ex-Convicts

...conviction. In the Philippines, despite the awareness to the need of ex-convicts for acceptance, there are still instances that most of them feel the discrimination as regards to their status orientation. They sometimes experience prejudices in a job application because of the stigma. It is generally assumed by many that a convicted person in not of good moral character. If a person has been convicted of a criminal offense, employers feel hesitant in employing him no matter how qualified he could be. Most employers are less willing to hire an ex-convict because of the security risk they posses. It is very evident that an ex-convict has a smaller chance of being since employers have a lot of choices over unemployed individuals who have not been convicted of a criminal offense. The issue of employer discrimination has been addressed in a number of studies regarding unemployment of ex-convicts but the fact is, there are lot of other factors that affect their unemployment. A relatively small number of studies have looked at the factors which lead to unemployment among ex-convicts. These refer to barriers resulting from ex-convicts’ characteristics and those resulting from employer discrimination. Existing research suggests that the characteristics of ex-convicts which affect employment include social and personal factors and those which are more directly related to employment (Metcalf 2001). These other factors that affect employment of ex-convicts are......

Words: 9579 - Pages: 39

Premium Essay

Human Resource Affirmative action was designed to rectify past discrimination but has been controversial since its inception.  Affirmative Action Plan (AAP): A written set of specific, results-oriented procedures to be followed. Intended to remedy the effects of past discrimination against or underutilization of women and minorities. The effectiveness of the plan is measured by the results it actually achieves rather than by the results intended and by the good faith efforts undertaken. Agent (Insurance): An employee who sells the products owned by the company, in contrast to a broker, who sells the insurance products of several companies. See Broker.  Agile Organization: Also known as agile manufacturing, this is a term applied to an organization that has created the processes, tools, and training to enable it to respond quickly to customer needs and market changes while still controlling costs and quality.  Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR): An informal process to resolve disputes. Involved parties meet with a trained third party who assists in resolving the problem by arbitration, mediation, judicial settlement conferences, conciliation or other methods. Though usually voluntary, ADR is sometimes mandated by a judge as a first step before going to court.  Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is part of a federal law that prohibits discrimination against someone with a disability, defined as “a physical......

Words: 10690 - Pages: 43