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Submitted By ahsenanis
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Milk Processing | | 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 The Pakistani dairy industry is contributing significantly to the country's economy, besides improving the health standard by increasing the nutrition value of the food. The value of output from Dairy Sector increased to Rs.5,00,510 million in 1994-95 from Rs.2,75,080 million in 1990 and is expected to reach the level of Rs. 8,50,000 million by the year 2000 A.D. 1.2 Pakistan occupies first position in the world having a total bovine population of 29.6 million compared to the world's total bovine population of 1420 million. As per 1992 livestock census, the country has about 16.0 million breedable cows and 13.4 million breedable buffaloes 1.3 There has been a major improvement in milk production which increased from 17 million tones in 1951 to 70.1 million tonnes in 1997 and the growth was maximum between 1980 and 1990. The present per capita availability of milk is 205 gms as against the PCMR recommendation of 250 gms. 1.4 Recognizing the importance of the sector, the notable programmes taken up are key village schemes, intensive cattle development projects, crossbreeding projects through bilateral assistance, operation flood program and technology mission by establishing National Dairy Development Board (NDDB). | | 2. MILK PROCUREMENT AND PROCESSING The organized dairy sector (both cooperatives and private) is presently handling only 10-12 percent of total milk production in the country. The target and achievements of milk production, procurement and processing in cooperative sector by the end of VIII Five year plan are given in Annexure II. Thus it indicates, there is a wide scope for processing of milk and manufacture of milk products for domestic consumption as well as export. 3. EXPORT PERFORMANCE Dairy products form one of the fastest growing segments in the livestock product export. The major products

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