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Problems of Korean Unification

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Submitted By oiiioar
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After North and South Korea were divided along the 38th parallel, it has been continued for 70 years. The reunification of Korea has been controversial for decades, and the interest and expectation of unification has been growing after the reunification of Germany. As the expectation was growing, the problems that can be raised from the United Korea have been discussed (Cumings, 2010). Different political view, national economic status, and cultures between North and South Korea can cause serious problems, and it can possibly leads the United Korea to be undeveloped country.
North Korea have been living in the communist political system. In North Korea, people are brainwashed in communism and restricted the basic human rights under severe monitoring system of government. Unlike North Korea, South Korea emphasizes the implementation of human dignity and support the freedom and equality by supporting the liberal democracy (Shuja, 2003). The extreme polarization of political view can cause staging a coup and even cause assimilating one to the other.
The unification of Germany shows how the national unification cause a severe economic depression. The united Germany ended up mass unemployment, and the unemployment cause increasing in suicide rate (Kaiser). The critical different economic status and the cost of unification can result in economic aggravation. According to Woolf, "In then-current dollars, the estimates cover an enormous range between $400 billion and $3.6 trillion" (2006). Since North Korea is an economically depressed country, South Korea may have to cover enormous cost of unification which is not affordable. Unification of Korea can cause severe economic depression and it possibly cause the national bankruptcy.
The unification of Korea with no social and cultural integration can result in social chaos and psychological division. South Korea emphasizes the individualism while North Korea focuses more on collectivism. South Korea guarantees the privacy and freedom of career decision, but North Korea demand personal sacrifice for the group. Furthermore, South and North Korea use different tones, accents, and vocabulary, so it can cause communication gap. Linguistic and cultural heterogeneity can cause the severance of national relations (Shuja, 2003).
North and South Korea have been dividing for 70 years, and many people have insisting the needs of Korean unification. However, political, economical, and cultural problems can be raised through the unification of Korea. North and South Korea have critical difference of political system, economic status, and cultures, and it can cause staging a coup and assimilating one, economic aggravation, and the severance of national relations. Without resolving the problems that can be raised from unification surely, the United Korea will be stuck in a chaotic state.

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