In: Business and Management

Submitted By ohvasya
Words 3866
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Сущность политического манипулирования

Тюмень, 2008
Человек как существо общественное постоянно находится во взаимодействии с другими людьми. Во всех областях, где происходит коммуникация, можно столкнуться с явлением манипуляции, в том числе и в сфере политической жизни. Политика – один из важных элементов функционирования современного общества, который призван обеспечивать устойчивость социальных процессов, регулируя взаимоотношения людей в социуме. Однако в процессе этого регулирования большое место занимают технологии манипуляции. С возникновением необходимости властвовать и управлять неизбежно возникает потребность навязывать свою волю подданным, так считает большинство исследователей, занимающихся проблемой политического манипулирования. А. Цуладзе утверждает, что «политические манипуляции – один из способов осуществления власти и борьбы за нее» [Цуладзе, 2000, 23]. Во все времена политические манипуляции широко использовались в управлении подданными или гражданами. Политические манипуляции отличает их политическая цель и последствия, которые возникают в обществе при их применении. Манипуляторы действуют, с одной стороны, открыто, часто, прикрываясь лозунгами об общем благе, но в большинстве случаев в их действиях присутствует скрытый механизм, цель, идея, которые не видны окружающим. В.П. Пугачев делит управление человеком на два основных типа: открытое (явное) и скрытое (тайное). Если управление имеет явный характер, цели ставятся и осуществляются открыто, при тайном – замалчиваются. Преобладание того или иного типа, по мнению исследователя, зависят от нескольких причин: «…прежде всего от степени несовпадения интересов управляемых и управляющих; цивилизованности общества (меры приемлемости использования силы, прямого принуждения в общественном сознании); возможностей и…...

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