Free Essay

Sons of Ben

In: English and Literature

Submitted By angelasilvax3
Words 1125
Pages 5
The British Renaissance era was the birthplace of many writers inspired by the artistic and cultural movement that was taking place between the 15th and 17th century. Within this period, there was a little place called the Mermaid Tavern, right in the heart of London. Here, a group of men, who would later become some of the most renowned writers from the Renaissance era, would gather around and discuss literature. This network of friends was led by the famous Ben Jonson, so it comes to no surprise the group would acquire the name Sons of Ben. During these informal meetings, these writers would discuss their views on literature, what influences them, and how they can influence each other. Sons of Ben promoted a cavalieristic style of writing that was not very common in this time period; Sir John Suckling and Robert Herrick were just some of the men who participated in the group and grew to be considered some of England’s finest writers. Ben Johnson, both a friend and rival of Shakespeare at the time, was the core of Sons of Ben. Jonson’s work revolved primarily around the emerging urban society. He often wrote about intelligence in the form of understanding, rejecting narrow mindedness, fanaticism, extremism, and snobbery. A famous piece of his titled Come My Celia demonstrates this by telling of a story about a love that should be acted upon in the moment without worrying about the rumors that would fly around about them. Jonson was considered a cavalier poet, someone who aimed to express the joy and simple gratification of celebratory things much livelier than the traditional works of their predecessors. The intent of their works was often to promote the crown, specifically King Charles I. In fact, Jonson was so into the idea of cavalier poetry, he etched the phrase Leges Conviviales, meaning ‘Rules of Conviviality’ above the mantelpiece in the room where the Sons of Ben would gather. This was the only formal “rule” for the followers and it was a rule that went unbroken.
Sir John Suckling was a member of Sons of Ben and the influence of cavalier beliefs was evident in his work. A famous piece by the poet titled Why so Pale and Wan Fond Lover is a great example illustrating his cavalier style. The poem goes:
'Why so pale and wan, fond lover?
Prithee, why so pale?—
Will, when looking well can't move her,
Looking ill prevail?
Prithee, why so pale?
Why so dull and mute, young sinner?
Prithee, why so mute?--
Will, when speaking well can't win her, Saying nothing do't?
Prithee, why so mute?
Quit, quit, for shame! this will not move,
This cannot take her--
If of herself she will not love,
Nothing can make her:
The Devil take her!'
Briefly, this piece is about a boy who can’t win the heart and attention of a woman. The narrator is speaking in true cavalier form, telling the boy that he needs to move on. He then finishes the poem by damning the woman to hell. This particular poem follows cavalier ideas because it concentrated on the pleasures of the moment. Cavalier poets were inclined to say what they meant in clear terms, and this poem does just that. There is evidence to support that Sir John Suckling picked up this style of writing through the influence of Ben Jonson during his time in the group. In addition to Suckling, another cavalier poet birthed from the Sons of Ben was Robert Herrick. Herrick was a cavalier poet who was very much inspired by the phrase carpe diem, meaning ‘seize the day.’ An example of his cavalier work and his beliefs in carpe diem is illustrated in his poem To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time. The poem reads:
Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,
Old time is still a-flying :
And this same flower that smiles to-day
To-morrow will be dying.
The glorious lamp of heaven, the sun,
The higher he's a-getting,
The sooner will his race be run,
And nearer he's to setting.
That age is best which is the first,
When youth and blood are warmer;
But being spent, the worse, and worst
Times still succeed the former.
Then be not coy, but use your time,
And while ye may go marry:
For having lost but once your prime
You may for ever tarry.
Herrick demonstrates a cavalier attitude when he writes about a woman’s fears of growing old. The narrator is telling the woman to live in the moment and to do as she pleases. He encourages her to simply “seize the moment” while she is young, even encouraging her to lose her virginity (“dying” is Elizabethan slang for having an orgasm). This type of behavior demonstrates a cavalier poet’s attitude towards life. More evidence of cavalier influences comes from the poem’s short refined verses that are fairly simple and generally easygoing, which is a characteristic of cavalier writing. Like Sir John Suckling, Robert Herrick found his style of writing during his time with Sons of Ben. The British Renaissance period brought about many fabulous writers, each with their own unique style of writing. One of these styles was cavalier poetry. Writer Ben Jonson was a famous advocate of cavalier poetry and imposed these writing ideas on his followers through meetings at a local tavern. This group of men was to be known later as the Sons of Ben and they included famous poets such as Sir John Suckling and Robert Herrick. These men wrote about living in the moment and being open minded. This is a style that is widely used today and modern day literature can only thank these 17th century writers for introducing it into the mainstream.

WORK CITED
"Cavalier Poet." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 24 Jan. 2014. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cavalier_poet>.

Notari, Debbie. "Cavalier Poetry: Definition, Characteristics & Examples." Education-Portal.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. <http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/cavalier-poetry-definition-characteristics-examples.html#lesson>.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time (Gather Ye Rosebuds): Stanza 1 Summary." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. <http://www.shmoop.com/gather-ye-rosebuds/stanza-1-summary.html>.

"Sons of Ben (literary Group)." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Jan. 2013. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sons_of_Ben_%28literary_group%29>.

"Sons of Ben [Tribe of Ben] (act. C.1620–c.1629) by Martin Butler." Oxford DNB Article: Sons of Ben 2013-09. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2014. <http://www.oxforddnb.com/templates/theme-print.jsp?articleid=95352>.

Similar Documents

Free Essay

3 10 to Yuma

...set forth on an adventure together to save their families ranch. Dan plays the role of a man who lost his leg due to a friendly fire held during the time of the Civil War. After the Civil War Dan tried to bet his luck on ranching later became a father to his eldest son William. In the movie Dan and William did not have a close relationship like a normal father and son should have. William thought his father was a coward and he believed his father was not a role model to show him how to be a man he wanted to be. As the movie went on, Dan‘s ranch was being threaten to be taken away from him by a dangerous gang leader, Ben Wade. Dan sets off for an adventure to save his ranch by traveling to put Ben Wade on the train and trying to get the reward money. Dan’s son William took off on the quest to travel also with his father Dan. William being the know it all teen that he is thinks he can handle traveling on the dangerous trip with his father and the other men. From traveling on this thrilling adventure, Dan and William’s relationship become closer than ever and William will finally see the role model he always wanted to see in his father. It did not take much time to notice the rocky relationship between Dan and his son William. At the beginning of the movie Dan’s ranch was set on fire. The reason why Dan’s ranch was set on fire was because he did not pay his bills in order to keep the ranch. As the family watched the ranch burst into flames Dan and William rush to save the......

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Willy and Biff

...Willy Loman returns home from a trip early, carrying two bags and mumbling. Willy explains that he came home early because he kept forgetting that he was driving. At his wife’s suggestion, Willy decides to ask his boss tomorrow for a sales job in NY so he can stop traveling. Willy and Linda discuss their grown sons, Biff and Happy, who are sleeping upstairs. Willy’s relationship with Biff is rocky because his son is thirty-four and can’t hold a steady job. In his mind, Willy relives happy times when he and his teenage boys are celebrating their own supposed popularity. Biff tells his father that he’s stolen a football (although he uses the term "borrowed") in order to practice his game. Willy tells his son to return it, but he obviously doesn’t care about the theft. Willy goes into advice/bragging mode and tells his sons how great American towns are, and how welcome he is made to feel in all of the cities he sells in. Linda enters and Willy can’t help but brag some more. He tells her he’s extremely well liked, that he made a killing on his recent trip. In actuality, he didn’t do well, he’s insecure, and they’re in debt. Willy suddenly gets worked up at his failure in business and says people just don’t like him very much. His next pubic announcement is that he’s struggling because he’s ugly and fat. Willy’s troubled mind flashes to a lady in his life . . . and it’s not Linda. This other woman is dressing and they are joking in a sexually suggestive way. Willy has given her......

Words: 1466 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Death of a Salesman Essay

...out of his childhood when Wily was only 3 years eleven months old. As a result Willy was a failure of a father to his sons. By not having his father in his life, Willy did not know or learn how to be a good father to Biff and Happy. In the play, Death of a Salesman, written by Arthur Miller, the main character Willy is a husband, father, friend, business partner and salesman. Willy is not very good at any aspects of his life, particularly parenthood. The factors in which Willy fails at parenting are numerous including, not making his family number one priority, not disciplining his sons, encouraging bad behaviours, not admitting his faults and lying. Firstly, with Willy not making his family his number one priority, he does this by constantly putting work before them. Willy has never been there for his sons, as he is travelling every week to visit customers, and he never really had the chance to get to know, and show his love for his sons. Willy does not have the father-son relationship with his children that most fathers desire to have. Willy’s love for his eldest son Biff, is based solely on Biffs achievements as a football player. Biff has been offered '...scholarships to three universities...' (Miller 20), and when he fails math, and because of poor grades does not qualify for the university scholarship, Willy is devastated for his son. Willy states, "Biff is a lazy bum!" (Miller 5) With this statement, Willy is telling the audience that Biff has......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

The Lucky One

...the photo around town and a local resident warns him that the woman used to be married to a friend of his, a local deputy sheriff. Logan finds the woman, Beth Green (Taylor Schilling), but has difficulty explaining why he is there. She assumes he wants to apply for a job, and her grandmother, Ellie (Blythe Danner) hires him. At first, Beth is irritated by Logan's presence, but she begins to warm to him as Logan's calm presence, willingness to work, and competence in repairing machinery are demonstrated. Logan develops a supportive relationship with Beth's son, Ben, who is without positive male influence since the death of Beth's brother, Drake. Beth's former husband, Sheriff Deputy Keith Clayton—the son of the town's judge—is immediately suspicious of Logan. He is brusque and overbearing with the former Marine. He discourages Ben from playing the violin around him, leading to Ben to practising in his tree house. When Ben returns bloodied from a charity baseball game, Beth and Keith have an argument, and Keith threatens to use his connections to take full custody...

Words: 704 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

On My First Sonne

...In the poem "On My First Son," Ben Jonson begins the poem by saying goodbye to his son, who was his right hand, meaning that he was always there when he needed him. Ben Jonson believes that one of this biggest sin was to love him too much. Jonson uses powerful diction and language to convey his emotions of anger and despair these emotions which he feels as a Father over the loss of his son and makes him question his faith. In the first stanza Jonson conveys his sense of loss by using its diction and language such as   "farewell" and "joy." This show us the deep emotional pain he felt by losing the "child of my right hand," Jonson described his son with literally and happy words, "loved" and "joy" illustrates a relation that is deep and has a greate importance. The author also show his anger when he uses words such as "sinne " and "I thee pay" that clearly show us his dissatisfaction. The anger confronts Jonson's faith "seven years thou wert lent to me" because he believes that his son was too young to die and what make his anger bigger is that his son was only seven years old. Jonson tries to justify gods plan by saying that it was "just" or fair for the child to die since he believed that the child was a loan from God and the idea of fatherhood will never be the same for Jonson "Oh could i lose all father now," since his son died. Jonson tries weakly to envy his son's sudden departure to heaven which is shown by the sentence "And if no other miserie, yet age?" because he......

Words: 338 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

On My First Son

..."On My First Son" In the poem "On My First Son," Ben Jonson begins the poem by saying goodbye to his son, who was his right hand, meaning that he was always there when he needed him. Ben Jonson believes that one of this biggest sin was to love him too much. Jonson uses powerful diction and language to convey his emotions of anger and despair these emotions which he feels as a Father over the loss of his son and makes him question his faith. In the first stanza Jonson conveys his sense of loss by using its diction and language such as "farewell" and "joy." This show us the deep emotional pain he felt by losing the "child of my right hand," Jonson described his son with literally and happy words, "loved" and "joy" illustrates a relation that is deep and has a greate importance. The author also show his anger when he uses words such as "sinne " and "I thee pay" that clearly show us his dissatisfaction. The anger confronts Jonson's faith "seven years thou wert lent to me" because he believes that his son was too young to die and what make his anger bigger is that his son was only seven years old. Jonson tries to justify gods plan by saying that it was "just" or fair for the child to die since he believed that the child was a loan from God and the idea of fatherhood will never be the same for Jonson "Oh could i lose all father now," since his son died. Jonson tries weakly to envy his son's sudden departure to heaven which is shown by the sentence "And if no other......

Words: 403 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Death of a Salesman

...Father/Son Relationships The Nineteen-Forties was a very patriarchal era. The father was the head of the house and his life’s works were passed down to his sons. A strong relationship between a man and his sons was crucial to maintaining a healthy household. Once the relationship began to deteriorate, the entire family unraveled. Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman displays how the relationship between Willy and his two sons creates the downfall of the Loman family. The relationship is constantly changing throughout the story. Biff and Happy idolize and have nothing but love for their father when they are children, but when they grow up they realize how their father failed to prepare them for the real world. Willy Loman is portrayed as an un-fit father. Willy never really had a father when he was growing up. He lost his father when he was very young. Because Willy was deprived of affection as a child, he smothers his sons with love and oppresses them with the nakedness of his hopes for their success. (Carson pg. 92) His older brother Ben stepped in and served as a substitute father. (Carson pg. 90) As a result of not having a true father figure in his childhood, Willy struggled with fatherhood because had no example to base his parenting on. When Ben passed away, Willy lost his last connection to his father. (Carson pg. 91) Willy’s lack of a real father has left him as an insecure person. He has been trying his whole life to compensate for his loss. ......

Words: 2890 - Pages: 12

Free Essay

The True Treasure in Our Life

...THE TRUE TREASURE IN OUR LIFE Narrator: Late night 12am at Pallet town near a village of Washington, a boy ran out from his own house. Father: John! Where are you going in this time ? John: You have no right grounded me in this house. Mother: How can you be so rude to your own father, John. John: Shut up! You both just leave me alone. Father: Just leave him, dear! And John, you are not allowed to step in this area as long as you do not apologize to both of us, your parents. John: Whatever! (walking sound) Narrator : Then,John leaves his house. This is not the first time he had been grounded by his parents due to he always play truant at school causes him to be forced to drop out from school. The anger of John finally burst out and he ran out from his house. Then,you guys guess where did John going ? He going to his best friend house and he stays there for a few weeks. (receive call sound) John: Hmm? Why does Aunt Amy call me at this moment early in the morning ? It is 6 o'clock now. Narrator :John feel surprised and he quickly picks up the phone. Aunt Amy: Hello is that John ? John: Yes, Aunt Amy, why you are so nervous? Aunt Amy: Listen, John, I hope that you calm down after hearing this news.Your parents had just met their maker a few hours ago. They can't escape from the fire that happened in your house at 2am just now. (phone dropping sound) John, are you there ? Did you still listen ? Hello ? Narrator: A few days......

Words: 1008 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Dissonance Paper

...interacting with the boys in his class he would pick on the smaller boys and when playing games at times he was very rough and mean. Betweens the grades of second and fifth Willy was always in trouble and his teachers were concerned with his behaviors. His parents were called into conference and they were disgusting Williams behavior. His father nickname is “big Ben’ and was insinuating Willy’s behavior was just normal kids having fun. His teacher at the time told his parents he has been put on timeout several times and to no avail, he still is a menace. Big Ben was offended with the comment and walked out of the conference. In one incident Willy had thrown a ball at another boy and the force of the ball knock the boy into a walk rail and Willy was taken to the principles office. They call in his parents, only Big Ben showed up and asked what happen. They informed him of the incident and he said still its just boys being boys and stated yes my son might be a little bigger and has a tendency to play a little rough but it’s all in fun. At this time he was asked if counseling could be an option Willy’s father said my son is not going to therapy he does not need it. It was later in the day when the school was informed that willy’s mother was in the hospital with contusions and a black eye. They were put on alert and...

Words: 398 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

On My First Son Explaination

...Lines 1-2 Farewell, thou child of my right hand, and joy; My sin was too much hope of thee, loved boy. * The poem begins with the speaker saying "farewell" to his child. * The speaker also says his "sin" (or mistake) was that he had "too much hope" for his son. He implies that there is some connection between his love for the boy and the boy's death. That's odd. * The phrase "child of my right hand" is also kind of funny. It implies that the speaker's son was born from his right hand (weird, huh?). Or maybe this implies something about the speaker's favoritism toward his first-born? (Think of the phrase "my right-hand man.")  * "Child of my right hand" also would indicate that the speaker's son is lucky. The right is always the good side; the left is the bad or sinister side. (In Latin, a language Jonson knew well, the word for left side is the same word that gives us sinister in English.) * As it turns out, Ben Jonson's first son was named Benjamin (just like his father), and in Hebrew Benjamin means "son of right hand." Okay, so maybe "child of my right hand" isn't so weird after all. But how many people really know what Benjamin means in Hebrew? Sheesh! * Finally, read these lines aloud. Go ahead. Nobody's looking. Notice anything? These lines are in a very famous rhythm: iambic pentameter. If you've read any Shakespeare (a friend of Jonson's), you should be picking up what we're putting down.  * Basically, an iamb is a combination of one......

Words: 1334 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

“All the Troubles of the World”

...“All the Troubles of the World” Isaac Asimov’s science fiction story “All the Troubles of the World” explores human life in a world controlled by a single, central computer. Asimov creates a world in which Multivac (a massive computer) can predict human behaviour. As a result of its power people become reliant on Multivac and cease thinking for themselves. As people make Multivac more powerful, it becomes aware and tries to commit suicide. The story suggests that reliance on technology may result in people losing the ability to think critically. Examining the actions of the detective Ali Othman and the boy Ben Manners will make this clear. In this story, Ali Othman is one of the coordinators responsible for the care and control of Multivac. His daily job is to observe the daily crime probabilities which provided by the Multivac and take response to prevent the crimes happen. For example, Ali Othman is always based on the probability to check how many crimes will happen in a day, and then he starts to do some actions to prevent the crimes. Also he is just based on the rate of the probability to determine the crimes will happen or not. That means they do not have any real evidences before arrest and observe someone who is suspected by the Multivac. I this story, Ali Othman fins out that two first degree murders are appeared on the same day, and one of the case will be done by a man called Manner, so Ali Othman sends some police to arrest him. Even though they don`t have...

Words: 717 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Compare and Contrast ‘on My Fist Sonne’ and ‘Mid Term Break’

...a relationship status in the poems. The author writes about his son as he is the father. The father thinks he has done a sin, a sin that god didn’t like. These two poems have relationships in which they incorporated to the author’s life. In ‘On My First Sonne’ this poem has a father son relationship in which the father ponders on the fact that GOD has took his son which is explained in the second line “My sin was too much hope of thee, lov’d boy.” This brings us to the conclusion that this poem has a religious view and can relate to as the date ‘1572-1637’ was in a different era where many of the citizens were very religious people. This shows that the father (author) cares about his son, and is willing to believe that god has took “Thou child of my right hand and joy,” for a punishment in which he believes for a sin he has done to god or his family. Ben Jonson the author, has wrote this elegy to explain his inner hurt, for this is an easy and creative way to vent his feelings and beliefs why his son has been took away from him. To write a poem this full with emotion must be hard and exhausting, he must have been very miserable as his son of his ‘gift’ had been taken back. “Rest in soft peace” suggests that Ben Jonson feels that his son was taken far too early for his age, also that he wishes for his son to be in peace. This line also makes us think that the father is saying goodbye to his beloved son. Ben has structured his poem, in a short length, to represent his......

Words: 928 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Christmas Story

...Christmas assignment: Ben was sitting in his living room reading a book by the fireplace on Christmas Eve. He had lost contact with his family and girlfriend long ago, when he was deployed in Afghanistan by the army, so he didn’t have anyone to share the holidays with, which he was very sad about. His family wrote a final letter to him, that they didn’t want to be worried about whether or not Ben was gonna come back alive, so they stopped writing to him, and didn’t even meet him in the airport when he got back home. He thought they were just overreacting and that they didn’t mean what they wrote in the letter, but they meant it quite seriously. He knew he hadn’t been the best son, and got into a lot of fights with his mom and dad, but he became very sad that they could do something like that to him, made Ben very sad, and by the time he got home, he was too afraid to call his family or drop by their house to say that he was okay. So he sat there in his chair reading a book, all by himself and he thought about his family and his girlfriend. Thinking about all that made Ben very sad and tears began to roll down his cheeks. He sat there for a good half an hour crying, when suddenly he heard a loud thump outside the house. He wiped the tears of his face with the back of his hand, and layed the book on his chair and stood up to check what caused the sound. He stood in front of the window looking out, but it was too dark to see anything, so he went over to the front door and...

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Importance of Father Son Relationshps

...30 November 2010 The Importance of a Father – Son Relationship The relationship between a father and a son can be expressed as perhaps the most important relationship that a man endures in his lifetime. This is the relationship that influences a man and all other relationships that a man has throughout his life. A strong father figure is important for a man to be able to mature into a man of strong character and a respectable citizen. In Arthur Millers, “Death of a Salesman”, the relationship between Willy and Biff is the example of a father and son relationship that is presented. Not having a strong father figure himself, Willy struggles with his character and that ultimately leads to a rift in his relationship with Biff and his neglect of Happy. Strong fathers play important roles in the lives of their sons and this is seen not only in literature, but also throughout history and in the world today. In “Death of a Salesman”, Willy’s non-existent relationship with his father and ideas of an American dream and what Willy wishes out of life, cause mass amounts of friction between him and his sons. It is evident in not only, “Death of a Salesman”, but in real life examples how having a strong father figure is important in fully developing into a man. Willy’s father left when he was young, and Willy describes this moment as, “…well, Dad left when I was such a baby and I never had a chance to talk to him and I still feel—kind of temporary about myself.” (Pg. 51) With that...

Words: 1541 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

On My First Son

...FIRST SONNE - This poem is an elegy. An Elegy is a sad and thoughtful poem mourning the death of a person. Benjamin is a Hebrew name. In Hebrew it means “child of the right hand” - the way Jonson refers to his son in the first line of the poem. The eldest son was always the most important child. He would sit at his father’s right hand at table and would expect to inherit most of his father’s property. Jonson had five children. They all died young. His son Benjamin, the subject of this poem, was born in 1596 and died in 1603 - Ben Jonson was away from home at the time and received a letter from his wife telling him that Benjamin had died of the plague. line 3 tho’ wert/thou wert - you were line 4 Exacted to exact payment is to demand or compel payment line 6 lament mourn, deplore, be sorry for line 11 hence-forth from this time onward FAREWELL, thou child of my right hand, and joy; My sinne was too much hope of thee, loved boy. Seven yeeres tho’ wert lent to me, and I thee pay, Exacted by thy fate, on the just day. O, could I loose all father, now. For why Will man lament the state he should envie? To have so soone 'scaped worlds and fleshes rage, And, if no other miserie, yet age? Rest in soft peace, and ask’d, say here doth lye Ben. Jonson his best piece of poetrie, For whose sake, henceforth, all his vowes be such As what he loves may never like too much. ......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3