Premium Essay

Teaching English Language and Literature in Socio-Linguistic Context

In: English and Literature

Submitted By yourstrulygaurav
Words 4944
Pages 20







YEAR : 2012 -2013



Aims and Objectives

Meaning and Nature of Language

English Language and Literature in India

Role of Language in Teaching Literature

Sociolinguistic Contest in Learning and Teaching English Language




Sociolinguistics is the descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society. Sociolinguistics differs from sociology of language in that the focus of sociolinguistics is the effect of the society on the language, while the latter's focus is on the language's effect on the society. Sociolinguistics overlaps to a considerable degree with pragmatics. It is historically closely related to linguistic anthropology and the distinction between the two fields has even been questioned recently.

It also studies how language varieties differ between groups separated by certain social variables, e.g., ethnicity, religion, status, gender, level of education, age, etc., and how creation and adherence to these rules is used to categorize individuals in social or socioeconomic classes. As the usage of a language varies from place to place, language usage also varies among social classes, and it is these sociolects that sociolinguistics studies.

The social aspects of language were in the modern sense first studied by Indian and Japanese linguists in the 1930s, and also by...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Social Linguistic Study

...Abstract “Language was developed out of the need to communicate and interact, and therefore, it is social by nature, and understanding some part of that allows us to more reflectively use the language”. This paper is an applied linguistic article focusing on exploring the relation between socio-linguistics and language teaching. Although there are too much to discuss, the work mainly concerns with a quick look at social theories of language, a definition of sociolinguistics and three aspects of sociolinguistics which is believed to illustrate how sociolinguistics is relevant to the teaching of language. Introduction From the perspectives of theoretical linguists, especially in the traditional approaches in English language teaching, the teaching focuses on language structure including some form of language such as grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, or spelling to name a few. However, things have changed with the arrival of a new approach known as the Communicative Language Teaching, where the features of sociolinguistics in its relation with language teaching and learning are best illustrated. The Communicative Language Teaching has been built on the assumption that being successful in communicating in a second language involves more than just the grammatical competence. In fact, communicative competence (Canale & Swain, 1980) involves the knowledge of discourse and socio-cultural rules of language. That is to say, in order to be successful in real communication...

Words: 3224 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...Methods * Categories | * Communicative Language Teaching | The Grammar-Translation Method | * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Theory of Language * * * * * * * * * * * * * *...

Words: 2417 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Drama In Classroom

...know (Wagner, 1998). In drama-based learning context, it is achieved by having students live the experience of being somebody else and think about a problem from the perspectives of the characters they embody. During a dramatic interaction, students will also need to talk with other students to find solution to the problem staged or the questions asked by the teacher. As students think and collaborate to solve a problem, Bowell and Heap (2013) recognize that the teacher thinks as a playwright, as director, as an actor, and as the teacher at the same time. As a playwright, he thinks about helping his students to craft...

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay


...ISSN 1798-4769 Journal of Language Teaching and Research, Vol. 1, No. 5, pp. 682-684, September 2010 © 2010 ACADEMY PUBLISHER Manufactured in Finland. doi:10.4304/jltr.1.5.682-684 Interlanguage Pragmatics Theory and Its Implications for Foreign Language Qian Huang Foreign Language Teaching Department, Dezhou University, Dezhou 253023, China Abstract—The major purpose of college English teaching is to cultivate and develop student’s pragmatic competence. Interlanguage pragmatics is a new interdisciplinary branch of study based on the theories of pragmatics and second language acquisition which has direct guide significance for foreign language teaching. This paper firstly introduces the theoretical models of the two theories and then focuses on the implications for foreign language teaching. Index Terms— interlanguage pragmatics, pragmatics theory, SLA theory, implications I. INTRODUCTION In 1969, the psychological linguists Selinker in his paper "Language Transfer" pointed out that when people in different countries and regions have communicate in second Language, language often appears with some native Language and relevant, and with this two kinds of pragmatic styles of Interlanguage totally different, this is "the Interlanguage" (Interlanguage). In Selinker view, the former study of interlanguage study was just the grammar system study. Therefore, the study of interlanguage was only limited from speech phonemes, lexical, syntactic to semantic......

Words: 2131 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Common Grammar Errors Encountered by Elementary Studenta

...PROBLEM AND ITS SCOPE 1.1 Introduction Learners nowadays have different ways of learning the second language and they also have various levels of competencies with grammatical structure of English language. English language became the new lingua franca it is usually used as a medium of instruction. But in order to teach the second language also known as the English language, one must know how to apply different techniques and strategies in teaching English as a foreign language. After all, there is no single best way to teach the English language but there are many ways to do. And it is the main role of the teacher to become flexible enough in applying various techniques in developing the level of competency of the learners. Moreover, grammar is the essentials of language. The means to say that in order to learn the English language, a learner must know when to use a certain tense, word form, knowing how to explain and apply the rule and the right expression. Consequently, teaching English grammar is tricky as there are just so many exceptions to rules, irregularities of word forms, and other that even if you do know your grammar rules, you are probably going o need some help hen providing explanations ( Accordingly, the study of grammar began with the ancient Greeks, who engaged in philosophical speculation about language and described language structure. This grammatical tradition was passed on to the romans, who translated the greek names for......

Words: 6662 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Problem of Students

...GENDER AND SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN ISOKO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE AJOKPAEZI JULIET EBSU/2003/23214 RESEARCH PROJECT PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES EDUCATION FACULTY OF EDUCATION EBONYI STATE UNIVERSITY, ABAKALIKI OCTOBER, 2008. TITLE PAGE GENDER AND SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN ISOKO SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE AJOKPAEZI JULIET EBSU/2003/23214 RESEARCH PROJECT PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF ARTS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES EDUCATION (ENGLISH) EBONYI STATE UNIVERSITY IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE AWARD OF BACHELOR OF ARTS (B.E) DEGREE IN ENGLISH EDUCATION OCTOBER, 2008. APPROVAL PAGE This research project has been supervised and approved as meeting all the requirements of the department of Arts and Social Science Education, Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki. Dr. Ms. C Maduabuchi ----------------- Project supervisor Date Dr. Ms. C Maduabuchi ----------------- Head of Department Date Prof. S.O. Abonyi ----------------- Dean, Faculty of Education Date External Examiner ----------------- Date DEDICATION This project is dedicated to God Almighty in whose love and guidance I have been sailing through my academic years and to my parents, His Royal Highness Emaviwe first Ovie......

Words: 7211 - Pages: 29

Premium Essay

M.a 2nd

...Implications For Online Learning Organized by Learning Theory Behaviorism Learners should be told the explicit outcomes of the learning so they can set 1.expectations and judge for themselves whether or not they have achieved the outcome of the online lesson. Learners must be tested to determine whether or not they have achieved the 2.learning outcome. Online testing or other forms of testing and assessment should be integrated into the learning sequence to check individual learner’s achievement level and provide appropriate feedback. The learning materials must be sequenced appropriately to promote learning. The 3.sequencing could take the form of simple to complex, known to unknown, and knowledge to application. Learners must be provided with feedback so that they can monitor how they are 4.doing and take corrective action if required. Cognitivism Strategies used should allow learners to perceive and attend to the information so 1.that it can be transferred to working memory. Strategies to promote perception and attention for online learning include the following: Important information should be placed in the center of the screen for a.reading, and learners must be able to read from left to right. Information critical for learning should be highlighted to focus learners’ b.attention. For example, in an online lesson, headings should be used to organize the details, and formatted to allow learners to attend to and process the information......

Words: 1139 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Second Language Learning Among Young Students

...Affecting of English Achievement Among The Under Graduate College Student A DISSERTATION PAPER SUBMITTED TO THE DEPT. OF HOME SCIENCE(CALCUTTA UNIVERSITY) IN PERTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENT FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTERS IN HOME SCIENCE BY Baisakhi Ghosh Roll No. 104/HMD/121020 Registration No. 024-1221-0030-09 Under the Guidance of Dr. Susmita Neogi Assistant Professor Department of Home Science Calcutta University 2014 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I express my sincere gratitude to my respected guide Dr. Susmita Neogi,(Assistant Professor) Department of Home Science, University of Calcutta without whose guidance and concerned encouragement I could never complete my dissertation. I am thankful to the Head of the Department of Home Science, University of Calcutta Dr. Paromita Ghosh, for her inspiration and moral support. I am also thankful to all my samples without whose active participation my dissertation cannot be completed. Date:……………………. ……………………. Baisakhi Ghosh CONTENT S.L No. Title Page No. ABSTRACT The purpose of the present study was to find out the factors influencing second language learning among the undergraduate college students. A comparison was made between students who have studied in Bengali medium and those who have studied in......

Words: 10370 - Pages: 42

Premium Essay

Codification of Nigerian English

...NIGERIAN ENGLISH: ISSUES IN EMPIRICAL LINGUISTICS Alexandra Uzoaku Esimaje Department of English Studies, Benson Idahosa University, Benin city Email: ABSTRACT In the English speaking world where English is either a second or foreign language, the emergence of new forms of the language is a proven socio-linguistic reality of language contact. This results from the needs of the host environment both to communicate to the foreigners and to one another now in the new tongue. Hence, in all cases the merging of two languages, cultures and traditions leads to varieties of the language as was the case with English and the many indigenous languages in Nigeria. So it is not in doubt that forms of English which are dissimilar in differing respects from British English exist in Nigeria. What is in doubt is whether each form qualifies as a variety and if any one of them can as yet emerge as the standard variety. This paper argues that English use in Nigeria needs to undergo some stages of development and description before a confident statement can be made as to whether a Nigerian English variety comparable to the British or American Standard English exists. Codification is one such step but prior to it must come a compilation of an extensive database of English language use in Nigeria and the application of empirical methods in examining and determining the character of English in the Nigerian context so that the continuum of forms of the language can......

Words: 6571 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

K to 12

...12 Curriculum Guide ENGLISH (Grade 10) K to 12 Curriculum Guide ENGLISH (Grade 10) December 2013 THE FRAMEWORK I. PHILOSOPHY AND RATIONALE Language is the basis of all communication and the primary instrument of thought. Thinking, learning, and language are interrelated. Language is governed by rules and systems (language conventions) which are used to explore and communicate meaning. It defines culture which is essential in understanding oneself (personal identity), forming interpersonal relationships (socialization), extending experiences, reflecting on thought and action, and contributing to a better society. Language, therefore, is central to the peoples’ intellectual, social and emotional development and has an essential role in all key learning areas1. Language is the foundation of all human relationships. All human relationships are established on the ability of people to communicate effectively with each other. Our thoughts, values and understandings are developed and expressed through language. This process allows students to understand better the world in which they live and contributes to the development of their personal perspectives of the global community. People use language to make sense of and bring order to their world. Therefore, proficiency in the language enables people to access, process and keep abreast of information, to engage with the wider and more diverse communities, and to learn about the role of language in their own......

Words: 9662 - Pages: 39

Free Essay


...Year  1  Subject Title  Introduction to Literature‐I (History of  English Literature‐I)  Discipline  English  Cr. Hrs  3  Semester  I  Aims: One of the objectives of this course is to inform the readers about the influence of historical and socio-cultural events upon the production of literature. Although the scope of the course is quite expansive, the readers shall focus on early 14th to 19th century Romantic Movement. Histories of literature written by some British literary historians will be consulted to form some socio-cultural and political cross connections. In its broader spectrum, the course covers a reference to the multiple factors from economic theories to religious, philosophical and metaphysical debates that overlap in these literary works of diverse nature and time periods under multiple contexts. The reading of literature in this way i.e. within the sociocultural context will help the readers become aware of the fact that literary works are basically a referential product of the practice that goes back to continuous interdisciplinary interaction. Contents: • Medieval Period • Renaissance and Reformation • Elizabethan Period • Milton, the Metaphysical, and the Cavalier Poets • The Age of Reason and Neo-Classicism • Restoration Drama • Augustan Satire • The Rise of the Novel • Romanticism Recommended Readings: 1. Long, William J.: English Literature: Its History and Significance for the life of English speaking world, enlarged edition, 2006. 2.......

Words: 14375 - Pages: 58

Premium Essay

The Use of Corrective Feedback

... Table of contents 1. Introduction 2. Literature review 3. Discussion 4. Conclusion 5. Works Cited 6. Declaration of Authorship 1 2-4 5-6 7 8-9 10 1. Introduction One of the latest trends in the Science, Language, and Literacy (SLL) approaches is called Task-based language teaching. This second language education trend influences not only teaching but also learning processes. TBLT tries to focus on the use of authentic language with the help of meaningful tasks such as ordering something or asking for instructions. This kind of method encourages meaningful communication and is student-centered. (Bilash 2009). One of the most important characteristics of TBLT is that learners are engaged in real language use in the classroom, using language in real life situations. The designed tasks that include problems, games, discussions and so on make learners use the language for themselves. (Willis 2007). Another important aspect of TBLT is that the student plays a central role in this teaching method. With this way the student has to interact more and organize his learning process almost individually. Furthermore TBLT helps students become more creative, spontaneous and have fun via tasks and problem solving. TBLT is a new method of language teaching and cannot be easily used by all teachers without proper training and teaching experience. In this research paper I will report the usefulness of Corrective Feedback considering language teaching answering one complex question:......

Words: 2273 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay


...Motivation 1 Motivation and Its Role in Language Acquisition Robert A. Cote SLAT 596Y Dr. Linda Waugh December 15, 2004 Motivation 2 “Motivation represents one of the most appealing, yet complex, variables used to explain individual differences in language learning” (MacIntyre et al. 2001, p. 462). These words succinctly describe the multifaceted issue that researchers, classroom instructors and language learners themselves have faced since Gardner and Lambert brought to light the complexities of motivation via their studies in the late 1950’s. The number of factors involved in motivating persons to acquire a foreign language has increased tremendously during the past four decades and attempting to address all of these components in one paper is impractical. The author will therefore attempt to present a limited overview of motivation, supporting research from both inside and outside of the classroom and views challenging its validity. Prior to exploring motivation and its function in language acquisition, one must first understand the term in its general sense. MacIntyre et al. defined motivation as “an attribute of the individual describing the psychological qualities underlying behavior with respect to a particular task” (2001, p. 463). This goal-directed behavior shows itself through distinct actions of the motivated individual. Dörnyei described this explicitly when he wrote the following: The motivated individual expends effort, is......

Words: 7481 - Pages: 30

Free Essay

Linguistic Ettiquete easier and show more respect, consideration and sentiment for those surrounding them. This study focuses on two important issues; the various patterns of Arabic greetings and the sociolinguistic factors that play an important role in the formation of these patterns. Greeting conventions used by Jordanian people are mainly taken from the Islamic teachings as well as the Arabic traditions. As previously mentioned, people adhere to these conventions in order to keep open and peaceful channels of communication with each other. This study also discusses the factors that play role in forming greetings by Jordanian people including gender, age, context of situation, and time. The sociolinguistic factors that play a role in forming greetings involve two rules; the socio-cultural and the socio-religious rules. Introduction This study aims to shed lights on the various patterns of greetings used by Jordanian people in their daily life. It is important to notice that people differ from each other in terms of age, gender, and status, and therefore; the greetings pattern they choose may also differ. In order to master a language, it is important to be fully aware of its semantic, syntactic, morphological, lexical, and phonological rules. However, this might be not enough, it is also important for any speaker to understand the basic discourse...

Words: 5587 - Pages: 23

Free Essay


...this research was to examine the teachers’ perspectives in Henry Cort Community College on the use of communicative language games for teaching and learning English. The participants for this study were eight English teachers in the college. A survey using an 18-item questionnaire was designed in order to analyse the participants’ views on the use of communicative language games in English lessons. Results showed that English teachers from Henry Cort Community College generally appreciated the benefits and value of communicative game activities in teaching English language. The findings also suggested that teachers should be aware to take learners’ individual variations into account and be more flexible in the use of communicative game when facing students with different backgrounds, learning styles, needs and expectations in order to maximise the educational effect. INTRODUCTION The ever growing need for good communication skills in English has created a huge demand for an appropriate teaching methodology. Language teaching has seem many changes in ideas about syllabus design and methodology in the last 50 years and communicative language teaching (CLT) prompted a rethinking of approaches to syllabus design and methodology. According to Nunam (1989), traditional approaches to language teaching gave priority to grammatical competence as the basis of language proficiency. They were based on the belief that grammar could be learned through direct instruction and through a......

Words: 3418 - Pages: 14