Premium Essay

Music and Its Effect on the Learning Experience of Children from Early Childhood to Adulthood


Submitted By asimmo30
Words 2468
Pages 10
Music and Its Effect on the Learning Experience of Children from Early Childhood To Adulthood


Research proves that music has a major impact on the brain of individuals of all ages. This work focuses on how the use of music, melody, and song can play a positive role in the learning experiences of children throughout all grade levels if implement by teachers and instructors. With the assistance of three children, one from each age group (early childhood, middle to late childhood, and adolescence) it is proven that music does have an effect on the learning experience. It is also proven that ideas can be drawn from the developmental theories of Jean Piaget, Lev Vgotsky, and Sigmund Freud to correlate with the responses of the three children about how music effects their learning.


If you were told that two groups of students in a case study were found to improve at significantly different rates in learning subjects such as reading and math in an elementary school what would you think was the independent variable used in the case study? Would you suspect that the independent variable was a difference curriculum? Maybe you would suggest that it could have been a difference in teachers? Or perhaps the groups were in different schools, private or public, urban or suburban. But how likely would you think it that the significant difference in progress could be attributed to the use of music instruction throughout the learning process? In a 1988 case study done at Oxford University it was proven that children who were taught using musical instruction performed 79% better at reading and math than students who were not taught using music instruction. Many researchers, such as those at Oxford University, have observed that the use of music instruction

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Analyze Brain Influence

...that a child’s brain functions are developing. That is from conception to at least five years of age. There are many important factors that assist with the development of the brain such as: genetics, nutrition, physical interactions and the emotional interactions between parent and child. The brain is comprised of three main structures the brain stem, cerebrum and the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex is divided into four different lobes and made up of neurons. The frontal, temporal, parietal and occipital lobes control various parts of the cognitive function. Your fine and gross motor skills, vision and memory are controlled by the various functions of the brain. During this time of a child’s brain development many things are happening to the function of the body. This is why children are capable of learning so much in their early years because their brain is functioning at a rapid and active pace. That is why when I child enters this world the learning process for them begins. How a child is treated and nurtured at the beginning of conception can play a role in the development of the brain functions and can cause a lasting effect on a child through adulthood. According to the Wisconsin Council on Children and Families “children are born ready to learn. They cultivate 85 percent of their intellect, personality and skills by age five.” Yet, brain function does not mature at the same time in all children. Children grow and mature in different stages. A child may have...

Words: 1380 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Understanding the Person : Life Transaction goes through infancy, childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Development occurs in different perspectives of life. Some common developments are physical, psychological, cognitive and social-cultural. There are several theories by different theorist which define the human development and its stages, when human being comes up with different characteristics. To discuss on the essay whether or not ‘early life experiences and social development impact on adults and to explain ‘to what extent culture impacts on development OR a particular aspect of development’ three different theories by Erik Erikson (1902-1994), Robert Havighurst (1900-1991) and Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) are going to be highlighted. Question 1 As concerned to the first question, early life experiences and social development certainly impact on adults. Erikson’s psychosocial theory describes the development throughout the human life. He has categorized his theory in eight stages and they are infancy, early childhood, late childhood, school age, adolescence, young adulthood, adulthood and maturity. Each stage deals with different central tasks which are related to both positive and negative aspects of life. On the other side, Havighurst says development occurs through the learning. He has divided his theory into six stages and they are infancy and early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle age and later maturity. Each stage relates to six to ten learning tasks (Baldwin & Bentley...

Words: 2682 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Effective Communication as an Early Childhood Educator

...the skill of effective communication is an asset. As an early childhood educator effective communication is paramount. The essay will examine what effective communication is, and how and why it is important for an early childhood educator to possess this skill. Grellier & Goerke (2010) describes effective communication as consisting of speaking clear and concise with the correct use of tone, the ability to give and receive feedback productively, active listening, non-verbal communication such as gestures, body language and eye contact. Speech is a complex process that is an important component in communication, speech is the outcome of sounds made in the voice box and stung together to make intelligible words. Without the appropriate use of tone, pitch, volume and speed of delivery, the impact of what is trying to be said will be greatly affected (Verderber, Verderber, & Sellnow, 2007). A speaker should be engaging, passionate and animated whilst remaining calm and collected. The tome of a speaker should remain conversational, so as to keep listeners attention and avoid the boredom of listeners. Bleile (2004) explained that speech is the foundation of language. Approximately 60% of brain growth occurs during the first few years of life, during this time the brain is shaped by children’s environment. Up to this point in a child’s life, parents have been the primary source of sounds and expressions. Once children are of school age this responsibility becomes shared with...

Words: 1684 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Highscope Curriculum

...February 9, 2013 Professor: Ruth Monroe Abstract The highScope curriculum is an early childhood education program for children from birth to 5 and sometimes to 8 years old. This program can be for children with or without special needs and for diverse socioeconomic backgrounds and ethnicities. The program goal is to increase children’s cognitive, socioemotional, and physical development, giving children skills that will help them do well in school and be more constrictive and more responsible in their lives. The curriculum is based on the work of constructivists, such as Jean Piaget, High/scope’s founder David Weikart and others, who believed that children learn best when they build understanding through direct experiences with people and real life objects around them (DeVries and Kohlberg (1987) and Kammi and DeVries (1978) Based upon the fundamental premise that children are active Learners who learn best from activities that they plan and carry out themselves as well as what they hear and see, The classroom is set up into different areas, these are set up in a way that allow children to choose, find, use, and return the materials they use on their own. The High/Scope curriculum uses a procedure called the plan-do-review sequence (Hohmann & Weikart, 1995). Children are encouraged to plan their task and have them carryout their plans and later reflect on what they learned. Children have the opportunity to be involved in independent activities as well as social play...

Words: 1998 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Mass Media Control

...individual’s mind. I also performed a media and mind control case study. I used my family for the subjects; my older sister who is a Licensed Practical Nurse (L.P.N.) and my mother who is a widow, an evangelist, and retired home nurse, for the control group, and my nephews who are fraternal twins, age thirteen for the experimental group. My observations were to observe both groups for a week during different intervals of media exposure. My nephews, the experimental group, were observed during and after watching television, using the computer, and listening to music. They were then observed when these forms of media were limited. My mother and sister, the control group, were observed during the limited periods of their television usage and listening to non-secular music. I believe there is direct correlation between adults and children who watch and listen to obsessive amounts of television, movies, news, and popular music and aggressive behavior, stress, dispositions, and sleep and eating habits. The case study observations supported this theory. Keywords: mass media, mass-media control, aggressive behavior, perceptions, adverse misconceptions, psychological adaptation, media nationalism, suggestive media, groupthink nationalism Mass Media Control Mass media can influence opinions, values and beliefs of the general public by controlling the language used to report and communicate information. Our minds, throughout life, become a playing field for the producers...

Words: 2933 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

The Prevention of Childhood Obesity Begins with Physical Education

...The Prevention of Childhood Obesity begins with Physical Education Introduction and Thesis: In today’s society obesity has risen greatly, causing a major health concern, in children, in part this is due to unhealthy food choices and physical inactivity. The percentage of overweight children from 1980 to present time has more than doubled. Eighteen percent of children six to eleven years olds are considered over weight and seventeen percent of twelve to nineteen year-old adolescents are weight, and the number of children between the ages of two to five has almost tripled in the last forty years. (The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2005 as per Fogel, Miltenberger, Graves, Koehler, 2010) The scope of this paper will include definition of childhood obesity, techniques used to measure obesity in children, health concerns related to childhood obesity, physical activity, and issues that impact quality Physical Education in a positive way, and an action plan that will improve motor skills of children. What is childhood obesity and how is it Measured? Obesity is defined as “an excessive accumulation of body fat.” (Green, Riley, & Hargrove, 2010) The Center of Disease Control (2012) defined obesity in children or adolescents as individuals with a body mass (BMI) at or above the 95th percentile. The methods for measuring obesity in children are to measure the thickness of their skin folds, height, weight and their body mass index...

Words: 1789 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Health and Social Care Level 3 First Year

...The human lifespan, life factors and events. P1 describe physical, intellectual emotional and social development for each of life stages of an individual. Aretha Louise Franklin biography: Aretha was born march 25 1942 in Memphis, she was a fourth of five children of a Baptist preacher and gospel singer. Franklin parent separated when she was six and four year later her mother died to a heart attack. Aretha musical gift start at the early age, at the age of 14 years old she record some of her first track at the church, she also performed in front of her father congregation church. Life on the road exposed franklin to adult behaviours and at the age of 15 she became a mother, her second child followed two years later. Few years later Aretha returned to performing in 1979 the same year, her father was hospitalized after a burglary attempt in his home left him in a coma as her popularity waned and her father's health declined. 1985, Aretha released a smash-hit album the record became Aretha's biggest-selling album yet. Her follow-up album, 1986 also went gold the next year, Franklin became the first woman ever been awarded with an honour in the music industries. The same year, the University of Detroit credited her with an honorary doctorate. In 1993, she was invited to sing at the inauguration of bill Clinton, and in 1994 Franklin was given a lifetime achievement award. Over the next few years, she became the subject of multiple documentaries and tributes. She was tapped to...

Words: 3373 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Child Observation

...Erikson's stages of psychosocial development, as articulated by Erik Erikson, is a psychoanalytic theory which identifies eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. In each stage, the person confronts, and hopefully masters, new challenges. Each stage builds upon the successful completion of earlier stages. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future. However, mastery of a stage is not required to advance to the next stage. Erikson's stage theory characterizes an individual advancing through the eight life stages as a function of negotiating his or her biological forces and sociocultural forces. Each stage is characterized by a psychosocial crisis of these two conflicting forces (as shown in the table below). If an individual does indeed successfully reconcile these forces (favoring the first mentioned attribute in the crisis), he or she emerges from the stage with the corresponding virtue. For example, if an infant enters into the toddler stage (autonomy vs. shame and doubt) with more trust than mistrust, he or she carries the virtue of hope into the remaining life stages.[1] Hopes: trust vs. mistrust (oral-sensory, birth – 2 years)[edit] * Existential Question: Can I Trust the World? The first stage of Erik Erikson's theory centers around the infant's basic needs being met by the parents and this interaction leading to trust or mistrust. Trust as...

Words: 3164 - Pages: 13

Free Essay


...Perspective 1. British empiricist philosopher John Locke in the 1690s argued that childhood experiences (nurture) permanently affect people. Empiricists saw the newborn as a blank slate or tabula rasa on which experience writes. 2. French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau in the 1760s argued the opposite, that nature alone gives children all they need to grow and learn, without adult guidance. 3. American psychologist Arnold Gesell in the early 1900s said that motor skills develop in a fixed sequence of stages in all children due to maturation, natural growth or change, which unfolds in a fixed sequence relatively independent of the environment. The term development encompasses not only maturation but also the behavioral and mental processes that are influenced by learning. 4. Behaviorist John B. Watson in the 1910s claimed that all development is due to learning. 5. Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget saw nature and nurture as inseparable and interactive in cognitive development. B. Understanding Genetic Influence 1. Behavioral genetics is the study of how genes affect behavior. This research demonstrated that nature and nurture jointly contribute to development in two ways. a) Nature and nurture operate together to make all people similar in some respects. Example: Motor skill milestones occur at similar times for most children due to common genes for the nervous system’s motor control and common basic care...

Words: 6271 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay


...XRAYING SCHOOL READINESS FACTOR AND PRACTICE OF CHILDREN INFAMILIES (A CASE STUDY OF SOUTHEAST NIGERIA) BY AZUKA UGO FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION (TECHNICAL) UMUNZE, ANAMBRA STATE NIGERIA Abstract The study Xraying School Readiness Factor and Practice of Children in Families (A Case Study of Southeast Nigeria) adopted a survey research design. The population comprises of educated families in southeast Nigeria. Proportionate stratified random sampling was used in determining the sample size. Sample size of 2,500 was determined by sampling educated families from each of the selected State, local government, and villages in Southeast Nigeria. Forty six item questionnaires were used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using frequency, and mean. The findings include: environmental factor, finance, parental practices among others are factors that determine child readiness and practices in southeast Nigeria; Recommendations on appropriate School Readiness Factor and Practice of Children in Families n southeast Nigeria were made based on the research findings. KEYWORDS: xraying, school readiness, practice, children, families Introduction (Background of the study) Readiness is a term used to describe preparation for what is next to take place. School readiness factor and practice of children are the preparation, practice and teaching to the individual child to be ready for school in the family, though according to experts, readiness has no single definition...

Words: 2529 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Impact of Childhood Sexual Abuse

...Impact of Childhood Sexual Abuse Shobila Kaligounder Marymount University Introduction As per UNICEF’s (2014) definition, sexual violence against children comprises any sexual activities imposed by an adult on a child against which the child is entitled to protection by criminal law. This includes: (a) The inducement or coercion of a child to engage in any unlawful or psychologically harmful sexual activity; (b) The use of children in commercial sexual exploitation; (c) The use of children in audio or visual images of child sexual abuse; and (d) Child prostitution, sexual slavery, sexual exploitation in travel and tourism, trafficking for purposes of sexual exploitation (within and between countries), sale of children for sexual purposes and forced marriage. Sexual activities are also considered as abuse when committed against a child by another child if the offender is significantly older than the victim or uses power, threat or other means of pressure. Consensual sexual activities between children are not considered as sexual abuse if the children are older than the age limit defined by the State Party. In spite of a clear definition for child sexual abuse violence in the lives of children is so real and as an international community we do very little to protect them. There is also a dearth of data to prove the prevalence of violence due to the hidden nature of the abuse and gives a false notion that it is a rare occurrence. Children are vulnerable to sexual victimization...

Words: 3402 - Pages: 14

Free Essay

Health and Social Care Unit 4: Developing Through the Life Stages an individual for my assignment and describe their physical, intellectual, emotional and social development for each of their life stages. The individual I have chosen is Michael Jackson, I have chosen him because I think that his life was very interesting and I’d like to explore all the other aspects of this life. I will need explain what I think could/should happen to Michael Jackson at each life stage. Conception Michael Jacksons parents Katherine Jackson and Joe Jackson would have conceived Michael around about November 1957.Conception is the making of a new beginning of life , now each women should be born with a full functioning birth system sometimes when a women does not function properly she may not be able to have children and conceive. Each month hormones are released such as follicle stimulating hormone and estrogen, these hormones help follicles develop and help the uterus to get thick and to get prepared for the fertilization of an egg. Each egg leaves the woman’s ovaries and it goes into the fallopian tube, then after this process it gets travelled through to the uterus. It all starts during intercourse, when a man has intercourse with a woman he inserts sperm into her vagina about 250 million sperms would have been ejaculated into the vagina. Every sperm looks the same as it has a long tall to enable it to swim and force itself up to the fallopian tube. This is where all the magic happens in the woman fallopian tube, the tube is about 10 cm long and...

Words: 7848 - Pages: 32

Premium Essay

Development Through the Life Stages- Michael Jackson

...I will be informing you on what he went through in each life stage he went experienced and also including debates on nature and nurture and discussing which sides affected him as a person. Infancy Michael Jackson was born in a poverty stricken area called Gary, in Indiana. He was born in 1958 and was the 7th of nine children. He was raised in a poor, lower class family this may be because he had one working parent which was his father called Joe Jackson, He was a steel worker in a factory however his mother was a home maker. For every infant the same developments occur. As there isn’t a lot of information about Michael when in infancy I can still figure out what happened during the ages 0-3 years old. Reflexes and motor skills are learnt at the ages between 0-2, this is when an infant will learn the different sensations. The reflexes involve, sucking, grasping, blinking and stepping. It’s also normal for an infant’s weight to change so Michael also experienced weight change whilst growing in this stage. Michael would have developed gross motor skills at this stage, this means he had the ability to turn and hold his head up. Other motor skills would be learning to sit up, roll over, stand up and also walk. Social development of an infant is the social skills that are learnt at the ages of 0-3 years old. Michael would have experienced many skills as he had grown up around many people older than him. However by the age of 4 months, Michael would have developed additional social...

Words: 4040 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Decribe Physical, Intellectual, Emotional, and Soical Development

...Unit 4: Development through the life stages for Health and Social Care P1 – Describe Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social development for each of the life stages of an individual This assignment will describe the different factors of development throughout stages of life, beginning from contraception through to the final stages of life. It will highlight the four factors like, Physical, Intellectual, Emotional and Social development. Conception – This is the stage where life is made and is done so when a male sperm fertilises the female egg this normally happens in the fallopian tube after insemination at this point the fertilised egg makes it way to the uterus (womb) this is when the stage is called pregnancy. Millions of sperm are ejaculated by a man during orgasm, just one sperm is needed to fertilise the egg. In some cases the ovary can release more than one egg, dependant on how many eggs will be fertilised will determine the number of embryo’s this could be anything from twins to eightuplets. Physical As this is the initial stage of life there is not much physical development within this stage only of when the sperm intergrades with the egg and creates the embryo. Dependent of the chromosome will determine the baby’s sex. If the male’s sperm delivers an X chromosome then the child will be a baby girl but if a Y chromosome is delivered then this will produce a baby boy. This is the only physical change that takes at this stage. Intellectual No intellectual...

Words: 3039 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay


...Development? Prenatal Development The Newborn CONCEPT LEARNING CHECK 12.1 Before and Preoperational Stage Concrete Operational Stage Formal Operational Stage Challenges to Piaget’s Stage Theory Social Development The Power of Touch Attachment Theory Disruption of Attachment Family Relationships Peers After Birth 12.2 Infancy and Childhood Physical Development Cognitive Development Piaget’s Stage Theory Sensorimotor Stage CONCEPT LEARNING CHECK 12.2 Stages of Cognitive Development 12 Learning Objectives Development Throughout the Life Span 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 Describe the development of the field and explain the prenatal and newborn stages of human development. Discuss physical development in infants and newborns. Examine Piaget’s stage theory in relation to early cognitive development. Illustrate the importance of attachment in psychosocial development. Discuss the impact of sexual development in adolescence and changes in moral reasoning in adolescents and young adults. Examine the life stages within Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. Illustrate the physical, cognitive, and social aspects of aging. Describe the multiple influences of nature and nurture in human development. 12.3 Adolescence and Young Adulthood Physical Development Cognitive Development Social Development Cognitive Development Social Development Continuity or Change Relationships Ages and Stages of Adulthood 12.5 Nature and Nurture Summary of Multiple...

Words: 34557 - Pages: 139