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Food Wastage

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Food Wastage
At the moment, it is hard to tell whether the world has sufficient food supplies or not.Most of developed countries claim to have people who are still not able to access food while at the same time, still report of more food wastage than the third world, developing nations. That indicates a big mishap in the food cycle as it so happens that most of the food either finds itself in the dumpster or on the plates of the very rich. China, USA, Canada, South Eastern Asia, and Europe have been amongst the countries hit by this storm of food wasting. While Britain is said to be throwing away about thirteen pounds of food per week, Canada is struggling with same problem. The United States is not spared either. Food and Agriculture Organization, abbreviation as FAO says that about a third of the world produce is wasted. By 2007, FAO projected that the increase ought to have gone high by sixty percent so that the emerging wealthier generation could be fed totally. While people could focus on increasing production, it is worth noting that reducing the amount of food waste in most cases would see to the situation being placed under comtrol, albeit for a bit (Barclay, 2014).
Globally, around 1.3 billion ton of food goes to waste. Food is wasted from initial agricultural production, all the way to the final household consumption. The medium and high income countries are the leaders in the food wasting melee. Food is thrown away despite being still suitable for human consumption. Low income countries have food wasted in the early period of production and less in the household. Low income countries waste less food on the consumption phase, which makes the developed and middle income countries the major focus (Braclay, 2014).
Food Wastage in Southeast Asia
The Southeast of Asia is estimated to be wasting about 33% of their food on a yearly basis. Along the food supply chain, the causes of wastage are similar to those in other regions of the world and a uniform mode of management may work towards elimination of food wastage complete. The known methods have not been put to practice. Also, the region tends to rank low on data availed to tackle this problem. Here, the problem may be resulting from lack of attention for the crisis by many of the policy makers of the region. If they did, rules would be made to help solve the wasting of foods (Yau, 2013; Tang, 2013).
Singapore is trying to come out of the situation and over time, it has convened various meeting sin conjunction with RSIS Center of Non-Traditional Security Studies to see to implementation of rules and policies to hold down the food throwers and other wasters. Here, various government researchers,officials, post harvest supply chain practitioners, and social focus groups have come together over and over trying to chip in as of the need to preserve food. In this case, policies, and education of the citizens concerning the problems in the food supply chain would see a number of people adhering to these rules and at least, saving the environment from the so much methane emissions from landfills, which characteristically, are majorly due to food. And other organic wastes (Tang, 2013).
Food Wastage in China
China has been on a great growth plan and in the process, may or may have not realized that it has been one of the major contributors of waste food. As of now, China is faced with problems of landfills, scarcity of natural resource, as well as, a skyrocketing problem of food wastage. National wide, 32 billion US dollars worth of food goes to the gutter annually. With this fact, it is worthy pointing out that about 128 million Chinese are poor, and live below a dollar per day, which means that many cannot even afford to buy themselves a decent meal (Yau, 2013).
About a third of food is thrown away in University Cafeterias. Data show that food waste account to 70% of all waste and us equivalent to 10 Percent of China’s annual crop production that can feed 200 million people annually, yet the country only has 128 million people below the poverty line.These people can be feed using this food if it were not thrown away as waste (Yau, 2013).
Beijing stands out as an innovative place. As such, there is recycling of food scraps there. Here, the do garbage sorting. The sorted garbage is returned to the soil for reproduction. Reports in 2012 talked of 50% effective sorting as having had taken place in Beijing. Also, various organizations are trying to make sure that less food go to waste. Here, other than collecting of food scrap, China could think of ways in which it can collect food and make it into compost. Other than making of compost it would be vital to reduce foods at various joints such as school cafeterias so that less goes to waste. Many people ought to be educated of the situation at hand so that they too can try their hand on trying to save. Creation of a saving culture will see to the institution of a system where people use less cash on food stuff and only buy what they want (Yau, 2013). Here, education seems to be the best bet and people can, as well, try to donate the extra that they would use on food to the poor: after all, the wasted food can feed all of them and still have more than seventy million people to feed as excess.
Education is vital since it does not only lessen the waste, but it also make sure that less cash is used on things that end up being thrown into a dump. The money can be used on more important ventures such as personal development (Yau, 2013; Tang, 2013)).
Food Waste in Canada
Canada boasts abundance of grocery foods in stores in plentiful and in abundance. The produce comes out looking picture perfect. If it does not look so, a majority of consumers leave it on the shelves to rot, or be sold to anyone who can tolerate low quality for starters. The pickiness of people of Canada goes with a cost. Estimations of the wastage points at 31 billion dollars in a year. That amount is huge and is actually equal to some of the third world country economies. That explains the magnitude of the foods lost on the tables, or in the refrigerator only to be thrown out the following day when nobody wants to eat them. Wastage mostly occurs in the household although along the food supply system there are other wastage zones. Thirty one million pounds food per year wastage is a huge number (Gooch & Felfel, 2014).
Of the wasted food, 50% of it comes from household which places it at 15.5 pounds of food, and 15.5 billion of wasted money. To make sure that food is not wasted, the only working way would be having a strategy that makes sure that people get educated well enough to understand the loss. Also, Canada ought to have a food policy in place so that it can be used to try and have families save food. While thee is wasting food across the supply chain, it is vital to see the big picture, as households, and try to put the house in order. Here, education programs should be started to educate Canadians about the need of preserving food. Some people may be sleeping hungry because of the food wasted by a majority of the households. When all this food is put back in the food supply chain, business dictates that the prices should lower, and as such, people who could not afford some foods may at least be able to get things they could never had before.This does not merely imply that rich households are the only that waste food, but that, if all the food was not wasted, the food supply chain would have above enough foods and people could just go in and eat whenever they felt like because, due to a lessened demand, the prices would lower. Even the poor people of the society will affording the food (Gooch & Felfel, 2014).
Research points out that hungry people shop more. Also, people who do not make shopping lists tend to shop more than they had budgeted and much of what they buy falls into waste when they cannot fathom where to put it. Various researchers in Canada have been trying to propose means in which Canada could save herself from the danger of being hungry since they are the ones who waste food on a daily basis.the fear is at long last, the wasted food will be too many that they will have to starve. People from environment preserving groups and agencies recommend non-wasting of organic foods, which is the most wasted because it brings about green houses gases, and resultant environmental degradation. Almost 20% of Canada’s methane emissions emanate from landfills, which is a sorry state for a developed nation. Other than education programs and a national food policy, other parties only propose planning, and as it comes, planning may be the only way out for now, whenever shoppers go on the spree.
USA food Wastage
The United States of America has not been left behind on the issues of foods wasting. There are about 133 billion pounds of food wasted in the USA every year. This is more than four times of the food wasted in Canada. About 48 million Americans still feel the food insecurity. Statistics point to close 40% of food not being consumed despite being produced. The food will most certainly end up in a landfill and end up producing methane, a gas so lethal than Carbon dioxide. In the USA, food tends to reach landfills and incinerators than all the other municipal wastes. The estimated value of uneaten food was 161.6 billion dollars when retail prices were used. ERS estimated this to be 141 trillion calories lost in the year 2010.
Most States in USA will spend up to a billion dollars to dispose of waste.still, much of the waste emanates from the final households, while quite a little is lost during production. Landfills in the USA contribute the largest amount of methane, and since the gas is twenty one times more dangerous, then the 38% produced from landfills works very negatively against the environment and it is good that programs are created to reduce food waste. As a result to the large number of food wasted, the United Nations has been trying to make various nations realize the need to save food. It starts from the households. Here, education programs must be created to see to the education of the citizens so that they plan whenever they go out to shop. UNEP recommends thinking, eating and saving. In this case, the shopper should think before going out to shop, while they eat, and they should save as much as they are not using. Here, they should also donate to existing food banks for the people who cannot raise the minimum amount prerequisite for feeding themselves.
States and local governments must create policies that safeguard production.here, they should act as leaders in dictating ways in which national can switch from being overly wastefully to conscious on matters of wasting foods. Also, the government must be involved in conducting comprehensive studies to see the loss in detail so that it can plan for them. Also, businesses must be involved in the management of waste and in making sure that customers are aware of their situations before purchasing.
Europe food wasting
Europe has been also on the forefront of world food wasting nations. Britain ranks as the number one country in Europe in food wasting. It looks like the country that are said to be developed have people with a bad attitude who only waste things because they can get them. European Union countries waste about 22 million tones of food, which is in most cases avoidable (Ami, 2015). Meat and fresh produce get wasted in bulk due to their short shelf lives.
Most food is thrown away when it passes its expiry date. This is the same problem addressed where people only buy and stock without thinking. Buying less could mean that they are safe from wasting foods. Voices in Britain have been urging the government to stem out food wastage. The social groups are mainly demanding legislation since it can help pressure supermarkets to stock foods with reasonable shelve lives.
Also, the people are a bit to blame. They must be educated on good ways to save food. Where possible, they can donate the extra to food banks rather than wasting it on foods that they end up not eating. Reducing waste at homes is the best way to manage waste. Legislation can only work in part, but the personal resolve can work the rest (Ami, 2015).
Conclusion
The World over, about 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted. People must be educated to be smart shoppers and frequent savers and donators. Legislation can only work partly, and the rest is left, for the households, to sort out. All in all, the governments of the day, and the citizens must work together as one to save food from wasting (Barclay, 2014).

Sources
Dr. Martin V. Gooch,Dr. Abdel Felfel. (December 10, 2014) .“$27 BILLION” REVISITED THE COST OF CANADA’S ANNUAL FOOD WASTE. Retrieved from http://vcm-international.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Food-Waste-in-Canada-27-Billion-Revisited-Dec-10-2014.pdf
Elaine Yau. (April 22, 2013).Dealing with Hong Kong's food waste. Retrieved from http://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/family-education/article/1218410/dealing-hong-kongs-food-waste Alisa Tang.(August 29, 2013). As millions go hungry, Asia battles food waste. Retrieved from http://news.trust.org//item/20130829154039-47okt/ Eliza Barclay.(February 27, 2014 ). U.S. Lets 141 Trillion Calories Of Food Go To Waste Each Year. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2014/02/27/283071610/u-s-lets-141-trillion-calories-of-food-go-to-waste-each-year
Ami Sedghi.(May 22, 2015). UK tops chart of EU food waste. Retrieved from http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/may/22/uk-tops-chart-of-eu-food-waste Gunders, Dana, (August, 2012), Wasted: How America is Losing Up to 40 Percent of Its Food From Farm to Fork to Landfill. National Resource Defense Council, Retrieved from https://www.nrdc.org/food/files/wasted-food-ip.pdf

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